Leuchars Station

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Leuchars Station
Flag of the British Army.svg
Near Leuchars, Fife in Scotland
Leuchars airbase - geograph.org.uk - 370764.jpg
Aerial view looking east over Leuchars.
EGQL is located in Fife
EGQL
EGQL
Shown within Fife
Coordinates 56°22′23″N 002°52′07″W / 56.37306°N 2.86861°W / 56.37306; -2.86861Coordinates: 56°22′23″N 002°52′07″W / 56.37306°N 2.86861°W / 56.37306; -2.86861
Type Army Barracks
Site information
Owner Ministry of Defence
Operator British Army
Site history
Built 1916 (1916)
In use 1916-2015 as RAF Leuchars
2015-present as Leuchars Station
Garrison information
Current
commander
Lieutenant Colonel Dom Coombes
Airfield information
Identifiers IATA: ADX, ICAO: EGQL, WMO: 03171
Elevation 12 metres (39 ft) AMSL
Runways
Direction Length and surface
04/22 747 metres (2,451 ft) Asphalt
09/27 2,589 metres (8,494 ft) Asphalt

Leuchars Station (IATA: ADX, ICAO: EGQL) is a British Army installation located in Leuchars, Fife, on the east coast of Scotland, near to the university town of St Andrews.

Formerly RAF Leuchars, it was the second most northerly air defence station in the United Kingdom (the most northerly being RAF Lossiemouth). The station ceased to be an RAF station at 1200 hrs on 31 March 2015 when control of the site was transferred to the Army.

History[edit]

RAF Leuchars[edit]

The Royal Air Force station at Leuchars opened on 16 March 1920, although its association with the military can be traced back to 1911 when military balloons were operated at the site. During its history the site was used as a RNAS fleet fighter station and later as a RAF Coastal Command airfield. Throughout the Cold War and beyond, the station was home to fighter aircraft which policed northern UK airspace. The station also hosted an annual International Airshow.

Transfer to the Army[edit]

On 18 July 2011 Defence Secretary Liam Fox announced that RAF Leuchars would close, whilst RAF Lossiemouth in Moray would be spared as part of the Strategic Defence and Security Review.[1] The recently formed Typhoon force, which was stood up in March 2011, moved to RAF Lossiemouth in Summer 2014[2] with the Army expected to take up residence in 2015 onwards.[3]

Several lodger units on the station continue to receive support from their respective parented stations/HQ after the transition from RAF to Army command. These include No. 612 (County of Aberdeen) Squadron RAuxAF, the East of Scotland Universities Air Squadron incorporating 12 Air Experience Flight, and the Headquarters of Scotland and Northern Ireland Region and South East Scotland Wing of the Air Training Corps. There is still an RAF presence, with a runway used for diverted aircraft.[4]

The former lodger units of 58 Squadron RAF Regiment and 6 Force Protection Wing disbanded on 10 May 2014.[5] Similarly the RAF Leuchars Mountain Rescue Team disbanded in Nov 2013.

The Army took control of the station on 1 April 2015 and it was renamed Leuchars Station.[6] The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards gradually relocated from Germany in the spring and summer of 2015 along with 2 Battalion REME and 110 Provost Company.[7] A news report from the Courier stated that 2 CS REME would be moved from Leuchars to Yorkshire under Army 2020 Refine plans.[8]

Based units[edit]

The following notable units are based at Leuchars Station.[9][10][11][12][13][14]

British Army[edit]

Royal Engineers (8 Engineer Brigade, 12 (Force Support) Engineer Group)

Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers (101 Logistics Brigade)

  • 2 Close Support Battalion
    • Battalion Headquarters
    • 7 Close Support Company
    • 11 Close Support Company
  • 106 Battalion (Army Reserve)
    • 152 Field Company Detached Platoon

Royal Armoured Corps (51 Infantry Brigade)

Adjutant General's Corps (1 Military Police Brigade, 1 Regiment Royal Military Police)

  • 110 Provost Company

Royal Air Force[edit]

  • RAF Airfield Operations

No. 22 Group (Training) RAF

No. 38 Group (Air Combat Service Support) RAF

References[edit]

  1. ^ "RAF to pull out of Leuchars as RAF Lossiemouth stays". BBC News. 18 July 2011. Retrieved 18 July 2011. 
  2. ^ "First Typhoons land at Lossiemouth". Press and Journal. 12 June 2014. Retrieved 9 September 2014. (Subscription required (help)). 
  3. ^ Air Forces Monthly. Stamford, Lincolnshire, England: Key Publishing Ltd. April 2013. p. 8. 
  4. ^ "Leuchars Station - HL4058". Hansard. 13 December 2016. Retrieved 22 December 2016. 
  5. ^ "Disbandment Parade of 6 RAF Force Protection Wing and 58 Sqn RAF Regiment". rafregt.org.uk. 10 May 2014. Archived from the original on 10 September 2014. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  6. ^ Maureen Ferrier Email (2015-03-31). "Army now in charge at Leuchars". Fife Today. Retrieved 2017-06-25. 
  7. ^ "Leuchars residents welcome rebasing news". British Forces News (British Forces Broadcasting Service). Archived from the original on 17 March 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2013. 
  8. ^ "Battalion to leave Leuchars for Yorkshire under MoD plans". The Courier. 18 December 2016. Retrieved 22 December 2016. 
  9. ^ "71 Engineer Regiment". British Army. Retrieved 23 May 2017. 
  10. ^ "2 Close Support Battalion". British Army. Retrieved 23 May 2017. 
  11. ^ "The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards". British Army. Retrieved 23 May 2017. 
  12. ^ "Army battalion to leave Leuchars base". Evening Telegraph. 22 December 2016. Retrieved 23 May 2017. 
  13. ^ "Units at Leuchars". Leuchars Station Open Day - 3 June 2017. Archived from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 16 July 2018. 
  14. ^ "Army Reserve units in Scotland - British Army". Army – Be The Best. Retrieved 29 July 2018. 

External links[edit]