Leuckart thiophenol reaction

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The Leuckart thiophenol reaction is the decomposition of a diazoxanthate, by gentle warming in a slightly acidic cuprous medium, to its corresponding aryl xanthates which give aryl thiols on alkaline hydrolysis and aryl thioethers on further warming.

Reaction pathway and mechanism

This reaction was first reported by Rudolf Leuckart in 1890.[1][2] [3]


  1. ^ Leuckart, Rudolf (30 December 1889). "Eine neue Methode zur Darstellung aromatischer Mercaptane". Journal für Praktische Chemie. 41 (1): 179–224. doi:10.1002/prac.18900410114. 
  2. ^ Fukushima, D. K.; Tarbell, D. S. (1947). "m-THIOCRESOL". Organic Syntheses. 27: 81. doi:10.15227/orgsyn.027.0081. 
  3. ^ Merck Index 14th Ed.