This enzyme belongs to the family of oxidoreductases, specifically those acting on paired donors, with O2 as oxidant and incorporation or reduction of oxygen. The oxygen incorporated need not be derived from O2 with 2-oxoglutarate as one donor, and incorporation of one atom o oxygen into each donor. The systematic name of this enzyme class is leucocyanidin,2-oxoglutarate:oxygen oxidoreductase. This enzyme is also called leucoanthocyanidin dioxygenase (LDOX) or anthocyanidin synthase (ANS). This enzyme participates in flavonoid biosynthesis.
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Schofield CJ and Prescott AG (2000). "Are anthocyanidins the immediate products of anthocyanidin synthase?". Chem. Commun.: 2473–2474.
CJ; Nakajima, J; Welford, RW; Yamazaki, M; Saito, K; Schofield, CJ (2004). "Mechanistic studies on three 2-oxoglutarate-dependent oxygenases of flavonoid biosynthesis: anthocyanidin synthase, flavonol synthase, and flavanone 3beta-hydroxylase". J. Biol. Chem.279 (2): 1206–16. doi:10.1074/jbc.M309228200. PMID14570878.