Leuconostoc mesenteroides

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Leuconostoc mesenteroides
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Division: Firmicutes
Class: Bacilli
Order: Lactobacillales
Family: Leuconostocaceae
Genus: Leuconostoc
Species: L. mesenteroides
Binomial name
Leuconostoc mesenteroides
(Tsenkovskii 1878) van Tieghem 1878 [1]

Ascococcus mesenteroides Tsenkovskii 1878
Betacoccus arabinosaceus Orla-Jensen 1919

Leuconostoc mesenteroides is a bacterial species sometimes associated with fermentation, under conditions of salinity and low temperatures (such as lactic acid production in fermented sausages). When grown in sucrose solution, it converts the sugar to dextrans having mostly alpha 1,6 linkages, but 1,2, 1,3, and 1,4 linkages are also present.


L. mesenteroides is divided into several subspecies.

Leuconostoc mesenteroides subsp. cremoris (Knudsen and Sørensen 1929) Garvie 1983
Leuconostoc mesenteroides subsp. dextranicum (Beijerinck 1912) Garvie 1983
Leuconostoc mesenteroides subsp. mesenteroides (Tsenkovskii 1878) Garvie 1983
Leuconostoc mesenteroides subsp. suionicum Gu et al. 2012