Leuctridae

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Leuctridae
Plecoptera - Leuctridae sp..JPG
Leuctridae sp.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Infraclass: Neoptera
Order: Plecoptera
Family: Leuctridae
Klapálek, 1905

The Leuctridae are a family of stoneflies. They are known commonly as rolled-winged stoneflies[1] and needleflies.[2] This family contains at least 360 species.[3]

Description[edit]

These small stoneflies can reach a length of 5–13 mm (0.20–0.51 in), but most of the species are less than 1 centimeter long. The wings are slender and cylindrical, usually dark brown in color. At rest, the wings appear to be wrapping their bodies. The adults develop in early spring, swarm, mate, and lay the eggs in the water. The slender, yellowish larvae are herbivorous, feeding on plants and organic waste.[citation needed]

Distribution[edit]

They have a mainly Holarctic distribution.

Systematics[edit]

Subfamilies, tribes, and genera include:[1]

Leuctrinae Klapálek 1905

Megaleuctrinae Zwick 1973

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Leuctridae. Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).
  2. ^ Malcolm Storey. "PLECOPTERA (stoneflies)". BioImages - Virtual Field-Guide (UK). Retrieved 28 January 2015. 
  3. ^ Qian, Y. H., Li, H. L., & Du, Y. Z. (2014). A Study of Leuctridae (Insecta: Plecoptera) from Shennongjia, Hubei Province, China. Florida Entomologist 97(2), 605-610.
  4. ^ Shepard, W. D. and R. W. Baumann. 1995. Calileuctra, a new genus, and two new species of stoneflies from California (Plecoptera: Leuctridae). Great Basin Naturalist 55: 124-133.
  5. ^ Stark, B. P. & Kyzar, J. W. (2001). Systematics of Nearctic Paraleuctra with description of a new genus (Plecoptera: Leuctridae). Tijdschrift voor Entomologie, 144(1), 119-135.

External links[edit]