Leukotriene-A4 hydrolase

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leukotriene-A4 hydrolase
EC number3.3.2.6
CAS number90119-07-6
IntEnzIntEnz view
ExPASyNiceZyme view
MetaCycmetabolic pathway
PDB structuresRCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene OntologyAmiGO / QuickGO
leukotriene A4 hydrolase
Crystallographic structure of LTA4H (rainbow colored N-terminus = blue, C-terminus = red) complexed with the protease inhibitor bestatin (space-filling model, carbon = white, oxygen = red, nitrogen = blue) based on the PDB: 1HS6​ structure.
NCBI gene4048
Other data
EC number3.3.2.6
LocusChr. 12 q22

Leukotriene A4 hydrolase, also known as LTA4H is a human gene.[1][2][3] The protein encoded by this gene is a bifunctional enzyme (EC which converts leukotriene A4 to leukotriene B4 and acts as an aminopeptidase.[4]


This enzyme belongs to the family of hydrolases, specifically those acting on ether bonds (ether hydrolases). The systematic name of this enzyme class is (7E,9E,11Z,14Z)-(5S,6S)-5,6-epoxyicosa-7,9,11,14-tetraenoate hydrolase. Other names in common use include LTA4 hydrolase, LTA4H, and leukotriene A4 hydrolase. This enzyme participates in arachidonic acid metabolism.

Catalyzed reaction[edit]

The chemical reaction catalyzed by LTA4H.


As of late 2007, 4 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 1GW6, 1H19, 1HS6, and 1SQM.


  1. ^ Minami M, Ohno S, Kawasaki H, Rådmark O, Samuelsson B, Jörnvall H, Shimizu T, Seyama Y, Suzuki K (October 1987). "Molecular cloning of a cDNA coding for human leukotriene A4 hydrolase. Complete primary structure of an enzyme involved in eicosanoid synthesis". J. Biol. Chem. 262 (29): 13873–6. PMID 3654641.
  2. ^ FFunk CD, Rådmark O, Fu JY, Matsumoto T, Jörnvall H, Shimizu T, Samuelsson B (October 1987). "Molecular cloning and amino acid sequence of leukotriene A4 hydrolase". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 84 (19): 6677–81. Bibcode:1987PNAS...84.6677F. doi:10.1073/pnas.84.19.6677. PMC 299146. PMID 2821541.
  3. ^ Mancini JA, Evans JF (July 1995). "Cloning and characterization of the human leukotriene A4 hydrolase gene". Eur. J. Biochem. 231 (1): 65–71. doi:10.1111/j.1432-1033.1995.tb20671.x. PMID 7628486.
  4. ^ Rudberg PC, Tholander F, Andberg M, Thunnissen MM, Haeggström JZ (June 2004). "Leukotriene A4 hydrolase: identification of a common carboxylate recognition site for the epoxide hydrolase and aminopeptidase substrates". J. Biol. Chem. 279 (26): 27376–82. doi:10.1074/jbc.M401031200. PMID 15078870.

Further reading[edit]

  • Evans JF, Dupuis P, Ford-Hutchinson AW (1985). "Purification and characterisation of leukotriene A4 hydrolase from rat neutrophils". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 840 (1): 43–50. doi:10.1016/0304-4165(85)90160-6. PMID 3995081.
  • Shimizu T, Seyama Y, Suzuki K (1987). "Molecular cloning of a cDNA coding for human leukotriene A4 hydrolase. Complete primary structure of an enzyme involved in eicosanoid synthesis". J. Biol. Chem. 262 (29): 13873–6. PMID 3654641.
  • Haeggstrom J, Meijer J, Radmark O (1986). "Leukotriene A4. Enzymatic conversion into 5,6-dihydroxy-7,9,11,14-eicosatetraenoic acid by mouse liver cytosolic epoxide hydrolase". J. Biol. Chem. 261 (14): 6332–7. PMID 3009453.
  • Newman JW, Morisseau C, Hammock BD (2005). "Epoxide hydrolases: their roles and interactions with lipid metabolism". Prog. Lipid. Res. 44 (1): 1–51. doi:10.1016/j.plipres.2004.10.001. PMID 15748653.
  • Fretland AJ, Omiecinski CJ (2000). "Epoxide hydrolases: biochemistry and molecular biology" (PDF). Chem. Biol. Interact. 129 (1–2): 41–59. CiteSeerX doi:10.1016/S0009-2797(00)00197-6. PMID 11154734.
  • Orning L, Gierse JK, Fitzpatrick FA (1994). "The bifunctional enzyme leukotriene-A4 hydrolase is an arginine aminopeptidase of high efficiency and specificity". J. Biol. Chem. 269 (15): 11269–73. PMID 8157657.
  • Ohishi N, Izumi T, Minami M, Kitamura S, Seyama Y, Ohkawa S, Terao S, Yotsumoto H, Takaku F, Shimizu T (1987). "Leukotriene A4 hydrolase in the human lung. Inactivation of the enzyme with leukotriene A4 isomers". J. Biol. Chem. 262 (21): 10200–5. PMID 3038871.

External links[edit]