Lev Artsimovich

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Lev Artsimovich
1974 CPA 4316.jpg
Lev Artsimovich
Born(1909-02-25)February 25, 1909
Moscow, Russian Empire
DiedMarch 1, 1973(1973-03-01) (aged 64)
Moscow, Soviet Union
NationalityRussian
Known forPlasma, Tokamak
Scientific career
FieldsPhysicist

Lev Andreevich Artsimovich (Арцимович, Лев Андреевич in Russian; also transliterated Arzimowitsch) (February 25, 1909 (NS) – March 1, 1973) was a Soviet physicist, academician of the Soviet Academy of Sciences (1953), member of the Presidium of the Soviet Academy of Sciences (since 1957), and Hero of Socialist Labor (1969).

Academic research[edit]

Artsimovich worked on the field of nuclear fusion and plasma physics.[1]

From 1930 to 1944 he worked at the Ioffe Institute, and in 1944 he joined the "Laboratory number 2" (currently Kurchatov Institute) for work on the Soviet atomic bomb project. From 1951 to his death in 1973, he was the head of the Soviet fusion power program.

He was known as "the father of the Tokamak",[2] a special concept for a fusion reactor. Once Artsimovich was asked when the first thermonuclear reactor would start its work. He replied: "When mankind needs it, maybe a short time before that."[3]

Under his guidance a thermonuclear fusion reaction was produced in the laboratory for the first time.

From 1963 to 1973 he was the vice-chairman of the Soviet Pugwash Committee and the chairman of the National Committee of Soviet Physicists.

He was elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1966.[4] The crater Artsimovich on the Moon is named after him.

Honours and awards[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Coppi, Bruno; Feld, Bernard T. (July 1973). "Obituary: L. A. Artsimovich". Physics Today. 26 (7): 60–61. Bibcode:1973PhT....26g..60C. doi:10.1063/1.3128152. Archived from the original on 2013-09-27.
  2. ^ Fusion power - a step in the right direction.
  3. ^ "Chris Smith, The Path to Fusion Power".
  4. ^ "Book of Members, 1780-2010: Chapter A" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 25 April 2011.

External links[edit]