Lev Dovator

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Lev Dovator
Лев Михайлович Доватор.jpg
Born20 February 1903
Khotino, Russian Empire
Died19 December 1941(1941-12-19) (aged 38)
near Palashkino, Ruzsky District, Moscow Oblast, Soviet Union
Allegiance Soviet Union
Service/branchRed Army
Years of service1924–1941
RankMajor general
Commands held3rd Cavalry Corps
2nd Guards Cavalry Corps
Battles/warsWorld War II
AwardsHero of the Soviet Union
Lev Dovator (upper left) on the Soviet stamp published during the war. The text says "Death to German invaders!"

Lev Mikhaylovich Dovator (February 20, 1903 - December 19, 1941[1]) was a Soviet major-general who was killed in action during World War II and posthumously awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.


Born at Khotino, Dovator came from a family of Belarusian peasant. He joined the army as a cavalry trooper around 1920 and was a career soldier.

At the start of the German invasion of the Soviet Union, he was posted as Chief of Staff of the Red Army's 36th Cavalry Division. He soon became the commander of a cavalry group, and in August–September 1941 this cavalry group executed the most daring raid through the rear areas of the German army in the area of Smolensk. On 11 September 1941 he was promoted to Major General for this action.[2]

During the battle of Moscow, Dovator was the commander of 2nd Guards Cavalry Corps, which fended off the enemy advance at Volokolamsk.

He was killed in an offensive action on 19 December 1941 near the outskirts of Ruza. He was reportedly cut down by machine-gun fire while crawling towards a forward position to get a better look near the village of Palashkino.

Dovator was posthumously given the title Hero of the Soviet Union[3] two days afterwards, as well as the Order of Lenin. He was replaced in command by Major General Issa Pliyev.[4]


  1. ^ Alexander Werth, Russia at War (1964), Carroll & Graf, page 254.
  2. ^ Soviet Calendar 1917-1947 (CCCP production)
  3. ^ Zhukov, Georgy (1974). Marshal of Victory, Volume II. Pen and Sword Books Ltd. p. 50. ISBN 9781781592915.
  4. ^ Braithwaite, Rodric (December 9, 2010). Moscow 1941: A City & Its People at War. Profile Books. ISBN 1847650627.

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