Lev Skrbenský z Hříště
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Lev Skrbenský z Hřiště
|Cardinal, Archbishop of Olomouc|
Cardinal, Archbishop of Prague
|Term ended||6 July 1920|
|Predecessor||Franziskus von Sales Bauer|
|Successor||Antonín Cyril Stojan|
|Other posts||Cardinal-Priest of Santo Stefano al Monte Celio|
|Ordination||7 July 1889|
|Consecration||6 January 1900|
|Created cardinal||15 April 1901|
by Leo XIII
|Born||12 June 1863|
Hausdorf (now a part of Bartošovice), Moravia, Austria-Hungary
|Died||24 December 1938 (aged 75)|
Dlouhá Loučka, Czechoslovakia
|Previous post||Cardinal Archbishop of Prague (1899-1916)|
Lev Skrbenský z Hříště, German: Leo Skrbenský von Hříště, also spelt Skrebensky (12 June 1863, Hausdorf (now a part of Bartošovice), Moravia, Austria-Hungary – 24 December 1938, Dlouhá Loučka, Czechoslovakia) was a prominent Cardinal in the Catholic Church during the early 20th century.
Of uncertain but undoubtedly wealthy background (it is sometimes believed he was an illegitimate child of the Habsburg Monarchy), Lev Skrbensky z Hriste was educated at the prestigious seminary of Olomouc and during the 1880s worked on a doctorate in canon law from the Pontifical Gregorian University. After being ordained in 1889, he went into the Austro-Hungarian Army and spent the following decade serving as an army chaplain.
He left his military duties in 1899, and Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria selected him as Archbishop of Prague. Two years later, he was made a cardinal on 15 April 1901, at the age of thirty-seven. He received the red hat on 9 June 1902. He participated in the 1903 and 1914 conclaves, and in 1916 was transferred to the prestigious see of Olomouc, to which he was elected by its cathedral chapter at the request of the Habsburg government. He resigned this see in 1920 because his poor health and did not participate in the 1922 conclave.
Although his health remained very poor, Skrbensky z Hriste lived until 1938 and was the last cardinal created by Pope Leo XIII to die, outliving Vincenzo Vannutelli by more than eight years.
- Since then no man has been elevated to the cardinalate at such a young age. The youngest in the past hundred years have been: Manuel Gonçalves Cerejeira elevated in 1929 at the age of 41 and Jusztinián György Serédi elevated in 1927 at the age of 43.
- "Latest intelligence - Papal Consistory". The Times (36790). London. 10 June 1902. p. 7.
|Catholic Church titles|
Franziskus von Paula Graf von Schönborn
| Archbishop of Prague
Franziskus von Sales Bauer
| Archbishop of Olomouc
Antonín Cyril Stojan