Levan Varshalomidze

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Levan Varshalomidze
Ambassador John Bass and the Governor of Adjara, Levan Varshalomidze (2009).jpg
Levan Varshalomidze with the United States ambassador John Bass in 2009
Chairman of the Government of Adjara
In office
July 20, 2004 – October 30, 2012
Preceded by Aslan Abashidze
Succeeded by Archil Khabadze
Personal details
Born (1972-01-17) January 17, 1972 (age 46)
Batumi, Adjara
Nationality Georgian
Political party United National Movement
Residence Batumi, Adjara
Alma mater Kiev State University (PhD, LL.M.)
Occupation Politician
Website www.lv.ge

Levan Varshalomidze (Georgian: ლევან ვარშალომიძე) (born 17 January 1972) is a Georgian politician and the Chairman of the Government of the Autonomous Republic of Adjara from 2004 to 2012. He assumed office on 20 July 2004, following the resignation of Aslan Abashidze—who had run the region in defiance to the central government of Georgia—during the 2004 Adjara crisis.[1]

Education and early career[edit]

Varshalomidze was born in Batumi. He graduated with a degree in law, in 1994, from the Kiev State University, where he befriended a fellow Georgian student, Mikheil Saakashvili. He obtained a PhD from the same institution in 1999 and joined the ranks of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Georgia.[2] In 2000, when Saakashvili was the minister of justice of Georgia, he appointed Varshalomidze to head one of its bureaus.[1] After a brief service with the Ministry of Finance of Georgia in 2002, he retired to a private sector.[2] After Georgia's November 2003 Rose Revolution, which brought Saakashvili to power, Varshalomidze was appointed Director of the Georgian Railways in January 2004.[1]

Government of Adjara[edit]

Varshalomidze returned to politics following the departure of Aslan Abashidze, a longtime Adjara strongman, who resigned following a showdown with Saakashvili's government on 6 May 2004. His family has been associated with the region's politics since the 1990s. His father, Guram Varshalomidze, an erstwhile ally of Abashidze, chaired the Supreme Council of Adjara in the mid-1990s, later headed the region's statistics office and would lead the Georgian Oil Corporation from July 2004 to 2005.[1]

After Abashidze's ouster, Levan Varshalomidze was appointed by Saakashvili as a chairman of a special twenty-member Presidential Interim Council charged with handling the transition.[1] On 20 July 2004, Varshalomidze was approved by the Supreme Council of Adjara as the chairman of the republic's government.[3]

Varshalomidze has been seen as a close ally of President Saakashvili[4] and a member of the young reformist team which came into the Georgian politics after the 2003 Rose Revolution.[5] Critics have accused him of amassing personal wealth, pressuring the media, and nepotism.[1][6]

During his tenure, Varshalomidze became a key figure behind the massive redevelopment of Adjara and particularly its capital, Batumi. He has stated he is trying to develop it, beyond being a summer tourist center, into an international financial hub.[7]

In April 2010, Varshalomidze publicly accused Nika Gilauri, Prime Minister of Georgia, and the central government, of ignoring his requests for delegating "technical functions" to the local authorities in Adjara. Following a meeting with the members of the central government in Tbilisi, Varshalomidze said the differences were resolved.[8][9]

On 14 January 2012, Varshalomidze was awarded by President Saakashvili the Presidential Order of Excellence for his contributions to the efforts that led to release of Georgian sailors from captivity of Somali pirates.[10]

On 30 October 2012, following the defeat of Saakashvili-led United National Movement party in the nationwide and regional legislative elections in favor of the opposition Bidzina IvanishviliGeorgian Dream coalition, the Supreme Council of Adjara elected Archil Khabadze, a candidate nominated by Georgia's new Prime Minister Bidzina Ivanishvili, as the new head of Adjara's government. Varshalomidze became the leader of a regional cell of the now-opposition United National Movement party.[11]

Post-2012[edit]

After his retirement from government, Levan Varshalomidze founded the LVP Project Management and Consulting company. In 2015, Varshalomidze became an adviser to the Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko and led a team of Georgian experts, aiming at facilitating reforms in Ukraine.[12][13] He returned to Adjara in July 2016 and launched a campaign for the upcoming regional and national legislative elections scheduled for October 8.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Saakashvili's Ajara Success: Repeatable Elsewhere in Georgia?. The International Crisis Group Europe Briefing, 18 August 2004.
  2. ^ a b Chairman of Government. Government of Autonomous Republic of Ajara. Accessed 8 April 2012.
  3. ^ Head of Adjarian Government Approved. Civil Georgia. 20 July 2004.
  4. ^ Regions and territories: Ajaria. The BBC News (Last updated 22 November 2011). Accessed 8 April 2012.
  5. ^ Georgia's mental revolution. The Economost. 19 August 2010.
  6. ^ Adjara Leadership Accused of Media Censorship, ‘Clan-Based’ Governance. Civil Georgia. 3 March 2005.
  7. ^ RAHN: Batumi ‘miracle’. The Washington Times. 19 March 2012.
  8. ^ Head of Adjara Gov’t Criticizes PM for Ignorance. Civil Georgia. 12 April 2010.
  9. ^ Head of Adjara Says Differences Resolved with Central Gov’t. Civil Georgia. 14 April 2010.
  10. ^ The President of Georgia decorated members of government and the Captain of the rescued sailors Archived 2012-07-13 at Archive.is. The Administration of the President of Georgia. 14 January 2012. Accessed 8 April 2012.
  11. ^ New Head of Adjara's Govt Confirmed. Civil Georgia. 30 October 2012.
  12. ^ "Levan Varshalomidze". LVP. Retrieved 22 February 2015. 
  13. ^ "Levan Varshalomidze appointed as Poroshenko's advisor". Georgian Journal. 30 January 2015. Retrieved 22 February 2015. 
  14. ^ "New Head of Adjara's Local Govt Approved". Civil Georgia. 15 July 2016. Retrieved 15 July 2016.