Levin Rauch

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Levin Rauch de Nyék
Levin Rauch photo.JPG
Ban of Croatia-Slavonia
In office
8 December 1868 (acting from 1867) – 26 January 1871
Preceded by Josip Šokčević
Succeeded by Koloman Bedeković
Personal details
Born (1819-10-06)6 October 1819
Lužnica, Kingdom of Croatia, Austrian Empire
Died 25 August 1890(1890-08-25) (aged 70)
Lužnica, Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia, Austria-Hungary
Spouse(s) count Antonia Sermage de Medvegrád et Szomszédvár[1]

Baron Levin Rauch de Nyék (6 October 1819 – 25 August 1890) was an Austrian-Hungarian politician and appointed Ban of Croatia-Slavonia between 1867 and 1871. He is most notable for securing victory of the Unionist Party through changing the election law and terrorising those who were able to vote.[2]

Rauch was a member of the unionist party that advocated an integration of Croatia and Hungary. After the Revolutions of 1848, Croatia became a Habsburg crown territory separate from Hungary, but when the Austrian-Hungarian Ausgleich was signed, Austria-Hungary was created and Rauch was appointed as the acting ban (or viceroy) of Croatia on 27 June 1867. By this, the Croatian autonomy within the Hungarian kingdom was automatically abolished. During this time a new Croatian-Hungarian Settlement was negotiated and put in effect by which Croatia reinstated some of its earlier autonomy, but also lost some other rights. Rauch was made the official ban on December 8, 1868 and remained in office until 26 January 1871.

His heritage spawns from the noble house of “Rauch” literally meaning ‘Smoke’. The daughter of General Gustav Rauch, Rosalie von Rauch (1820 - 1879), married Prince Albert of Prussia (1809 - 1872). At this time, Princess Rosalie assumed the title of Countess von Hohenau.