Lewes Castle

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Lewes Castle
Lewes, East Sussex
Lewes Castle towers.JPG
Two towers of Lewes Castle, East Sussex, photographed from the west
Lewes Castle is located in East Sussex
Lewes Castle
Lewes Castle
Shown within East Sussex
Coordinates50°52′27″N 0°00′25″E / 50.87417°N 0.00694°E / 50.87417; 0.00694Coordinates: 50°52′27″N 0°00′25″E / 50.87417°N 0.00694°E / 50.87417; 0.00694
TypeNorman
Site history
Builtlate 11th century[1]
Built byWilliam de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey
MaterialsStone
Official nameLewes Castle
Designated28 August 1915
Reference no.1013268

Lewes Castle is a medieval castle in the town of Lewes in East Sussex, England. Originally called Bray Castle, it occupies a commanding position guarding the gap in the South Downs cut by the River Ouse and occupied by the towns of Lewes and Cliffe. It stands on a man-made mount just to the north of the high street in Lewes, and is constructed from local limestone and flint blocks.

History[edit]

The Barbican

The castle follows a motte and bailey design but, unusually, it has two mottes.[2] The only other castle in England to have two mottes is Lincoln Castle.[1]

The first motte, known as Brack Mount, was completed shortly after the Norman conquest of England in 1066 and the second motte, known as the Keep, was completed in the late 11th century.[2] Both mottes were built by William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey.[2] The mottes would originally have been surmounted by wooden palisades but these were replaced with masonry shell keeps at the start of the 12th century.[1] The bailey area also had a stone wall with towers.[1]

Soldiers went out from the castle to engage with Simon de Montfort at the Battle of Lewes in 1264.[3]

Towers were added to one of the shell keeps in the 13th century and a barbican gate was added in the 14th century.[2] When the last of the de Warennes, John, the 7th Earl, died without issue in 1347, he was buried in Lewes Priory.[2] His title passed to his nephew Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel.[2]

The castle was leased by Sussex Archaeological Society from 1850 and was acquired by Charles Thomas-Stanford and gifted to the Sussex Archaeological Society in 1922.[2]

Wall collapse[edit]

On 11 November 2019 at 12:22 GMT the first alert was raised that a 10m by 10m section of the curtain wall had collapsed onto an adjacent house and garden.[4] Emergency services searched the site but found no casualties.[4] Sussex Archaeological Society said that the wall that collapsed was privately owned and one of the last parts of the curtain wall.[4] They also said that the parts owned by the society were checked independently on an annual basis.[4] The castle was closed as a precaution.[4] The wall was described in a contemporaneous news report as weighing 600 tonnes.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Historic England. "Lewes Castle (1013268)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Lewes Properties - Property information for Volunteers" (PDF). sussexpast.co.uk. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
  3. ^ "Lewes Castle". Castles, Forts and Battles. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Lewes Castle: Medieval 600-tonne wall collapses on house". BBC News. 11 November 2019. Retrieved 11 November 2019.

External links[edit]