Lewis A. Pick

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Lewis Andrew Pick
Lewis A Pick.jpg
Lieutenant General Lewis A. Pick
Born (1890-11-18)November 18, 1890
Brookneal, Virginia
Died December 2, 1956(1956-12-02) (aged 66)
Washington, D.C.
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch United States Army seal United States Army
Years of service 1917–1953
Rank US-O9 insignia.svg Lieutenant General
Commands held Chief of Engineers (1949-1953)
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Cold War
Awards Distinguished Service Medal (2)

Lewis Andrew Pick (November 18, 1890 – December 2, 1956) was born in Brookneal, Virginia, and graduated from Virginia Polytechnic Institute in 1914. He received his Regular Army commission in the United States Army Corps of Engineers on July 1, 1917.

Military career[edit]

During World War I he served with the 23rd Engineers in France.. He served in the Philippines from 1921 until 1923 and helped organize The 14th Engineer Regiment Philippine Scouts, largely composed of Filipino soldiers.[1] He was the Corps of Engineers' District Engineer in New Orleans during the Great Mississippi Flood of 1927, and he helped coordinate federal relief efforts. Pick was named Missouri River Division Engineer in 1942, and with William Glenn Sloan of the Bureau of Reclamation he co-wrote the Pick-Sloan Plan for controlling the water resources of the Missouri River Basin.

Pick carefully wrote his plan to avoid flooding Bismarck, ND, Williston, ND, Pierre, SD and Chamberlain, SD, but intentionally flooded the entire productive acreage of the Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara Nation, some 155,000 acres, supporting 349 families of 1,544 individuals. United States Secretary Of The Interior Julius Albert Krug ordered compensation in the form of an equal amount of acreage on lesser lands, at-cost hydroelectric power for irrigation, grazing and watering rights for tribal cattle, and $5,105,625 in payment for lost lands. Colonel Pick revoked this order and all its compensations, then denied the Three Tribes all access to the reservoir which would flood their lands, including the rights to fish, water their cattle, or cut any timber from the land to be flooded. The tribes were likewise forbidden to hire legal counsel with any compensatory money they might receive. The revised plan was approved by Krug.[2]

Forced to sign the Pick-Sloan Plan contract, George Gillette, leader of the Three Tribes' business council, openly wept.

Colonel Pick was assigned to the China Burma India Theater of World War II in October 1943, replacing Brigadier General John C. Arrowsmith as Chief Road Engineer. He oversaw construction of the Ledo Road in British Raj India and Burma. His driving force enabled the difficult task to be completed in two and a half years. His men nicknamed the road "Pick's Pike".

After his return to the United States in 1945, he served again as Missouri River Division Engineer. On March 1, 1949, President of the United States Harry S. Truman appointed him Chief of Engineers. Pick was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster. Pick City, North Dakota located by the Garrison Dam on the Missouri River was founded in 1946 and named for him.[3] Pickstown, South Dakota located by the Fort Randall Dam was also named for him. He died in Washington, D.C. and was buried in Auburn, AL.

Personal life[edit]

Pick attended and played college football[4] at Virginia Polytechnic Institute, and graduated in 1914. He was initiated into Theta Chi Fraternity in 1924 at Auburn University, where he was a professor of military science and tactics. Pick married Alice Cary, one of the founding members of the Sigma Lambda Chapter of Kappa Delta Sorority at Auburn.

In 1948, Pick was elevated to National Honor Member by Chi Epsilon national civil engineering honor society.

The Lewis Andrew Pick Birthplace is a contributing property in the Brookneal Historic District.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lewis Pick". www.chi-epsilon.org. Retrieved 19 November 2015. 
  2. ^ "Cadillac Desert" http://www.amazon.com/Cadillac-Desert-American-Disappearing-Revised/dp/0140178244
  3. ^ Pick City named for Lewis A. Pick http://www.epodunk.com/cgi-bin/genInfo.php?locIndex=52896
  4. ^ "The Bugle 1913" (PDF). Virginia Tech Bugle. 1913. p. 97. Retrieved 2015-11-18. 
  5. ^ W. Scott Breckinridge Smith (September 2010). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Brookneal Historic District" (PDF). 
Military offices
Preceded by
Raymond A. Wheeler
Chief of Engineers
1949—1953
Succeeded by
Samuel D. Sturgis, Jr.