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Lewis Baltz in Jean Nouvel's Amat hotel.
September 12, 1945|
Newport Beach, California
|Died||November 22, 2014
|Education||San Francisco Art Institute
Claremont Graduate School
|Known for||New Topography|
Lewis Baltz (September 12, 1945 – November 22, 2014) was a visual artist and photographer who became an important figure in the New Topographics movement of the late 1970s. His work has been published in a number of books, presented in numerous exhibitions, and appeared in museums such as the Museum of Modern Art, Paris, Museum of Contemporary Art, Helsinki, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art and The Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. He wrote for many journals, and contributed regularly to L'Architecture d'Aujourd'hui.
Life and work
Born in Newport Beach, California, Baltz graduated with a BFA in Fine Arts from San Francisco Art Institute in 1969 and held a Master of Fine Arts degree from Claremont Graduate School. He received several scholarships and awards including a scholarship from the National Endowment For the Arts (1973, 1977), the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Fellowship (1977), US-UK Bicentennial Exchange Fellowship (1980) and Charles Brett Memorial Award (1991). In 2002 Baltz became a Professor for Photography at the European Graduate School in Saas-Fee, Switzerland. He lived his last years between Paris and Venice.
His work is focused on searching for beauty in desolation and destruction. Baltz's images describe the architecture of the human landscape: offices, factories and parking lots. His pictures are the reflection of control, power, and influenced by and over human beings. His minimalistic photographs in the trilogy Ronde de Nuit, Docile Bodies, and Politics of Bacteria, picture the void of the other.[vague] In 1974 he captured the anonymity and the relationships between inhabitation, settlement and anonymity in The New Industrial Parks near Irvine, California (1974).
Baltz moved to Europe in the late 1980s and started to use large colored prints. He published several books of his work including Geschichten von Verlangen und Macht, with Slavica Perkovic (Scalo, 1986). Other photographic series, including Sites of Technology (1989–92), depict the clinical, pristine interiors of hi-tech industries and government research centres, principally in France and Japan.
His books and exhibitions, his "topographic work", such as The New Industrial Parks, Nevada, San Quentin Point, Candlestick Point (84 photographs documenting a public space near Candlestick Park, ruined by natural detritus and human intervention), expose the crisis of technology and define both objectivity and the role of the artist in photographs.[vague]
In 1995, the story Deaths in Newport was produced as a book and CD-ROM. Baltz also produced a number of video works.
Baltz died on November 22, 2014 at the age of 69 following a long illness.
Publications by Baltz
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- The Prototype Works. 1967-1976.
- The Tract Houses. 1969-1971.
- The New Industrial Parks Near Irvine, California.
- Maryland. 1976.
- Nevada. 1978.
- Park City. 1980.
- San Quentin Point. 1986.
- Continuous Fire Polar Circle. 1986.
- Near Reno. 1986-1987.
- Candlestick Point. 1986.
- Sites of Technology. 1989-1991.
- Rule Without Exception. 1991.
- Piazza Sigmund Freud. 1989.
- Generic Night Cities. 1989-2000.
- Ronde de Nuit. 1992-1995.
- Docile Bodies. 1996.
- Politics of Bacteria. 1995.
- Lewis Baltz: Texts. Göttingen: Steidl, 2012: ISBN 978-3869304366.
- Crowder, Nicole (November 24, 2014). "Icon of New Topography movement Lewis Baltz dies at 69". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 24, 2014.
- Lewis Baltz Faculty Website at European Graduate School.
- Jeff Rian (2001), Lewis Baltz, London: Phaidon, ISBN 0-7148-4039-4, OCLC 47677835, 0714840394
- O'Hagan, Sean (4 December 2014). "Lewis Baltz obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 October 2015.
- "Lewis Baltz, Photographer of American Landscapes, Dies at 69," by Randy Kennedy, The New York Times, Nov. 25, 2014
- Lewis Baltz Faculty website at European Graduate School. (Biography, bibliography and articles)
- George Eastman House Lewis Baltz Series
- Oral history interview with Lewis Baltz, 2009 Nov. 15-17 from the Smithsonian Archives of American Art
- Lewis Baltz Archive, at the Getty Research Institute