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Lewis Baltz in Jean Nouvel's Amat hotel.
September 12, 1945|
Newport Beach, California
|Died||November 22, 2014
|Education||San Francisco Art Institute
Claremont Graduate School
|Known for||New Topography|
Lewis Baltz (September 12, 1945 – November 22, 2014) was a visual artist and photographer who became an important figure in the New Topographics movement of the late 1970s. His work has been published in a number of books, presented in numerous exhibitions, and appeared in museums such as the Museum of Modern Art, Paris, Museum of Contemporary Art, Helsinki, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art and The Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. He wrote for many journals, and contributed regularly to L'Architecture d'Aujourd'hui.
Life and work
Born in Newport Beach, California, Baltz graduated with a BFA in Fine Arts from San Francisco Art Institute in 1969 and held a Master of Fine Arts degree from Claremont Graduate School. He received several scholarships and awards including a scholarship from the National Endowment For the Arts (1973, 1977), the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Fellowship (1977), US-UK Bicentennial Exchange Fellowship (1980) and Charles Brett Memorial Award (1991). In 2002 Baltz became a Professor for Photography at the European Graduate School in Saas-Fee, Switzerland. He lived his last years between Paris and Venice.
His work is focused on searching for beauty in desolation and destruction. Baltz's images describe the architecture of the human landscape: offices, factories and parking lots. His pictures are the reflection of control, power, and influenced by and over human beings. His minimalistic photographs in the trilogy Ronde de Nuit, Docile Bodies, and Politics of Bacteria, picture the void of the other.[vague] In 1974 he captured the anonymity and the relationships between inhabitation, settlement and anonymity in The New Industrial Parks near Irvine, California (1974).
Baltz moved to Europe in the late 1980s and started to use large colored prints. He published several books of his work including Geschichten von Verlangen und Macht, with Slavica Perkovic (Scalo, 1986). Other photographic series, including Sites of Technology (1989–92), depict the clinical, pristine interiors of hi-tech industries and government research centres, principally in France and Japan.
His books and exhibitions, his "topographic work", such as The New Industrial Parks, Nevada, San Quentin Point, Candlestick Point (84 photographs documenting a public space near Candlestick Park, ruined by natural detritus and human intervention), expose the crisis of technology and define both objectivity and the role of the artist in photographs.[vague]
In 1995, the story Deaths in Newport was produced as a book and CD-ROM. Baltz also produced a number of video works.
Baltz died on November 22, 2014 at the age of 69 following a long illness.
- Landscape: Theory, Lewis Baltz, Harry Callahan, Eliot Porter, Carol Digrappa and Robert Adams, 1980 ISBN 0912810270
- The New Industrial Parks Near Irvine, California, Lewis Baltz and Adam Weinburg, 2001 ISBN 0963078569
- The Tract Houses: Die Siedlungshauser (English and German Edition), Lewis Baltz, 2005 ISBN 0970386044
- The Prototype Works, Lewis Baltz, 2010 ISBN 386521763X
- Mario Pfeifer: Reconsidering The new Industrial Parks near Irvine, California by Lewis Baltz, 1974, Lewis Baltz, Mario Pfeifer, Vanessa Joan Mueller, 2011 ISBN 1934105295
- Lewis Baltz: Candlestick Point, Lewis Baltz, 2011 ISBN 3869301090
- Lewis Baltz: Rule Without Exception / Only Exceptions, Lewis Baltz, 2012 ISBN 3869301104
- Lewis Baltz: Texts., Lewis Baltz, 2012 ISBN 3869304367
- Lewis Baltz, Lewis Baltz, 2017 ISBN 3958292798
- Crowder, Nicole (November 24, 2014). "Icon of New Topography movement Lewis Baltz dies at 69". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 24, 2014.
- Lewis Baltz Archived 2010-05-27 at the Wayback Machine. Faculty Website at European Graduate School.
- Jeff Rian (2001), Lewis Baltz, London: Phaidon, ISBN 0-7148-4039-4, OCLC 47677835, 0714840394
- O'Hagan, Sean (4 December 2014). "Lewis Baltz obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 October 2015.
- "Lewis Baltz, Photographer of American Landscapes, Dies at 69," by Randy Kennedy, The New York Times, Nov. 25, 2014
- Lewis Baltz Faculty website at European Graduate School. (Biography, bibliography and articles)
- George Eastman House Lewis Baltz Series
- Oral history interview with Lewis Baltz, 2009 Nov. 15-17 from the Smithsonian Archives of American Art
- Lewis Baltz Archive, at the Getty Research Institute