Lewis Hodous (simplified Chinese: 何乐益; traditional Chinese: 何樂益; Pinyin: Hé Lèyì; Foochow Romanized: Hò̤ Lŏk-ék; December 31, 1872 – August 9, 1949) was an American Board missionary to China, educator, Sinologist and Buddhologist.
Lewis Hodous was born on December 31, 1872 in Vesec, Bohemia and migrated to the United States with his parents in 1882. He graduated from Cleveland High School in 1893, from Adelbert College of Western Reserve University in 1897 and Hartford Theological Seminary in 1900, and studied one year at the University of Halle in Germany.
Hodous was ordained as a Congregational preacher on September 18, 1901 at Bethlehem Church in Cleveland, Ohio and was later sent to the mission field of China with his newly wedded wife Anna Jelinek. They embarked from San Francisco on November 16 and arrived in Foochow (today Fuzhou) on December 18. From 1901 to 1917 Hodous labored as a missionary under the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions (ABCFM) in Foochow, during which time he also carried out careful studies on Buddhism and the Chinese folk religion. He served in Ponasang (保福山) from 1901 to 1904, teaching at the mission's theological seminary, and was president of Foochow Theological Seminary from 1902 to 1912. During the Hsinhai Revolution in 1911 he served with Chinese Red Cross. He was president of the Foochow Union Theological School from 1914 to 1917.
Hodous returned from the mission field in 1917 and arrived home on October 31. From 1917 to 1945 Hodous was professor of Chinese culture at the Kennedy School of Missions of Hartford Seminary Foundation, and from 1928 to 1941 professor of history and philosophy of religion at the seminary. During the Second World War Hodous also worked as a translator for the U.S. Government.
- Chinese translation of Edward L. Thorndike's Principles of Teaching: Based on Psychology (1918)
- Buddhism and Buddhists in China (1924)
- Folkways in China (1929)
- Careers for Students of Chinese Language and Civilization (1933)
- A Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms: with Sanskrit and English Equivalents and a Sanskrit-Pali Index (1937, with William Edward Soothill)
- 「亞洲的福音書」 晚清新教傳教士漢語佛教經典英譯研究 (Chinese)
- General Council of the Congregational Christian Churches (1949): The Year book of the Congregational Christian Churches of the United States of America: Statistics for 1949
- ABCFM: Missionaries of the A.B.C.F.M. Memorandum, 1885 - 1910
- Hartford Theological Seminary (1930): Gleanings Through the Years: Articles by Members of the Class of 1900, Hartford Theological Seminary, Presented on the 30th Anniversary of the Class (1930)
- Ayscough, Florence Wheelock (1970): China
- Shavit, David (1990): The United States in Asia: A Historical Dictionary