Lewis Stuyvesant Chanler

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Lewis Stuyvesant Chanler
Lewis Stuyvesant Chanler.jpg
Member of the New York State
Assembly
for Dutchess Co.
In office
1910–1912
Lieutenant Governor
of New York
In office
1907–1908
Preceded byJohn Raines (Acting)
Succeeded byHorace White
Personal details
BornSeptember 24, 1869
Newport, Rhode Island
DiedFebruary 28, 1942(1942-02-28) (aged 72)
New York City, New York
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)
Alice Chamberlain
(m. 1890; div. 1920)

Julia Lynch Olin
(m. 1921; his death 1942)
Children3
ParentsJohn Winthrop Chanler
Margaret Astor Ward
RelativesSee Astor family
Alma materColumbia University
Cambridge University
OccupationLawyer

Lewis Stuyvesant Chanler (September 24, 1869 in Newport, Rhode Island – February 28, 1942 in New York City) was a New York lawyer and politician who served as Lieutenant Governor of New York from 1907 to 1908.[1]

Early life[edit]

He was the fifth son of John Winthrop Chanler (1826–1877) of the Dudley–Winthrop family and Margaret Astor Ward (1838–1875) of the Astor family.[2] Through his father, who served as a U.S. Representative from New York, he was a great-great-grandson of Peter Stuyvesant[3] and a great-great-great-great-grandson of Wait Winthrop and Joseph Dudley. Through his mother, he was a grandnephew of Julia Ward (1819–1910), John Jacob Astor III (1822–1890), and William Backhouse Astor, Jr. (1829–1892), and a great-grandson of John Jacob Astor.[4]

Lewis had ten brothers and sisters, including the artist Robert Winthrop Chanler and the soldier and explorer William Astor Chanler.[5] His sister Margaret Livingston Chanler served as a nurse with the American Red Cross during the Spanish–American War.[6] Margaret Chanler was later married to Richard Aldrich and lived at Rokeby. His older brother Winthrop Astor Chanler[1] served in the Rough Riders in Cuba[7] and was wounded at the Battle of Tayacoba.[8] Chanler's eldest brother, John Armstrong Chaloner, married novelist Amélie Rives Troubetzkoy.[9] Chanler and his siblings became orphans after the death of their mother in 1875 and their father in 1877, both to pneumonia. The children were raised at their parents' estate, Rokeby, in Barrytown, New York.[10]

He attended Columbia University Law School and graduated in 1891.[11] Then he attended Cambridge University, matriculating in 1894.

Career[edit]

After Cambridge, he began practicing law in New York,[12] as a criminal defense lawyer.[1] During the winter 1897, he visited Ireland and became interested in the Parnellite party which was seeking home rule for Ireland. He toured the country for several years, making speeches on behalf of home rule.[1]

Political career[edit]

Chanler campaigning at Greenport, Long Island, 1908
Chanler on his election as Lieutenant-Governor of New York State on January 1, 1907

Chanler was active in the Democratic Party in Dutchess County and was a Delegate to several state party conventions. In 1903, he was elected a member of the Dutchess County Board of Supervisors.[13]

In 1906, he was elected the Lieutenant Governor of New York.[14][15] He ran on the combined ticket of the Democratic Party and the Independence League, defeating the incumbent M. Linn Bruce, although his running mate William Randolph Hearst was defeated in his quest for the governorship by Republican Charles Evans Hughes,[16] who later became Chief Justice of the United States.[1]

As the sitting lieutenant governor, he ran as the Democratic candidate for Governor against the incumbent Hughes in 1908, with John Alden Dix as the candidate for Lt. Governor.[17] Ultimately, he was defeated,[18] and his candidacy was opposed by Hearst, who lampooned him in a series of cartoons.

While a resident of Barrytown, Dutchess County, New York, he was a member of the New York State Assembly (Dutchess Co., 2nd D.) in 1910, 1911 and 1912.[19][20] Franklin D. Roosevelt had at first thought of running for this seat in the assembly, but Chanler refused to give it up. Thus, Roosevelt ran in November 1910 for the senate instead.[21]

Personal life[edit]

On September 24, 1890, Chanler married Alice Chamberlain (1868–1955),[22] at St George's, Hanover Square, in London.[23] Alice was the daughter of the late W. L. Chamberlain.[24] Before their divorce in 1920, they had three children together:

  • Lewis Stuyvesant Chanler Jr. (1891–1963), who married Leslie Murray (1898–1952) in 1920.[25] She died in 1952 and he later married Mary Kroehle.[26]
  • Alida Chanler (1894–1983), who married William Christian Bohn (1895–1977) in 1920.[27]
  • William Chamberlain Chanler (1895–1981), who married Frances Randall Williams[28]

On May 23, 1921, the 52 year old Chanler married Julia Lynch Olin (1882–1961),[29] also a recent divorcee with two daughters of her own, in Paris.[4] She was previously married to J. Philip Benkard and was the second daughter of Stephen H. Olin. Her mother died in 1882 and her father remarried Emmeline Harriman, the daughter of Oliver Harriman and the sister-in-law of William Kissam Vanderbilt.[4] In 1922, the family bought a new home at 132 East 65th Street, in New York City.[30][31] This house was later christened Caravan House.[32][33]

Chanler died on February 28, 1942 at his home in New York City at age 72.[1] His funeral was conducted at St. Mark's Church in-the-Bowery by Rev. C.A.W. Brocklebank. After the scriptural reading, Mirza Ahmad Sohrab read from "the service for the departed" of the Bahá'í religion. Chanler was buried at St Paul's Churchyard in Glen Cove, Long Island.[34]

Descendants[edit]

He was the grandfather of Susan Chanler (1921–1996),[35] who married Clifford E. Herrick, Jr. (1916–1978),[36] Bronson Winthrop Chanler (1922–2009),[37] who married Evelyn Williams Rogers (b. 1931),[37] Clare Chanler (1927–1992), who married Bayard Stuyvesant Forster (1924–2001),[38] and Rosanna Chanler (b. 1930), who married Montgomery Harris (1924–2012).[39][40]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "L.S. CHANLER DIES; STATE EX-OFFICIAL | Lieutenant Governor, 1906-08, Defeated in Gubernatorial Race by Hughes in 1908 | WAS A CRIMINAL LAWYER | Defended Clients Who Could Not Pay -- Toured Ireland for Parnellites in '90's". The New York Times. 2 March 1942. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
  2. ^ "THE DESCENDANTS OF JOHN JACOB ASTOR.; INCLUDING THE FAMILIES OF BRISTED, WARD, CHANLER, CARY, DE STUERS, DELANO, VAN ALEN, ROOSEVELT, DRAYTON, WILSON, LANGDON, RUMPFF, BORELL, WILKS, KANE, CARROLL, DE NOTBECK, AND JAY". The New York Times. 6 March 1898. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
  3. ^ Winthrop Family 1404-2002 Chanler's grandfather John White Chanler married Elizabeth Shirreff Winthrop, daughter of Benjamin Winthrop and Judith Stuyvesant (Peter's daughter)
  4. ^ a b c "LEWIS S. CHANLER WEDS MRS. BENKARD; Ex-Lieut. Governor of New York Marries Divorced Wife of J. Philip Benkard in Paris. GUARDED WITH SECRECY Mr. Chanler Was Divorced in Paris From His First Wife, Who Was Alice Chamberlain". The New York Times. 25 May 1921. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
  5. ^ "PRINCESS ENGAGED TO ASHLEY CHAHLER; Marie Antonia de Braganca Is Daughter of the Pretender to Throne of Portugal. JUNE WEDDING IS PLANNED Fiance, a Descendant of Original John Jacob Astor, Graduated From Harvard in 1932". The New York Times. 23 May 1934. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
  6. ^ "Margaret Astor Chanler, Heroine of Porto Rico," Milwaukee Journal, Sept 8, 1898, p. 5.
  7. ^ Rice, Wallace, editor. Heroic Deeds in Our War with Spain: An Episodic History of the Fighting of 1898 on Sea and Shore, G.M. Hill, 1898.
  8. ^ "FIGHTING FILIBUSTERS; Expedition to Cuba Has Several Brushes with Spaniards. GEN. NUNEZ'S BROTHER KILLED Winthrop Chanler of New York and Five Cubans Wounded. Guns of the Peoria Do Great Execution Among the Enemy; Two Shiploads of Supplies for the Insurgents Landed." New York Times, July 14 1898.
  9. ^ Donna M. Lucey, Archie and Amélie: Love and Madness in the Gilded Age. New York: Harmony Books, 2007. ISBN 1-4000-4852-4.
  10. ^ Thomas, Lately. The Astor Orphans: A Pride of Lions, W. Morrow, 1971.
  11. ^ Venn, J. A., comp., Alumni Cantabrigienses, Part II. 1752-1900, Vol. ii. Chalmers – Fytche, 1944, p. 8. London: Cambridge University Press, 1922-1954.
  12. ^ Who's Who in America, 1920-1.
  13. ^ New York Secretary of State, New York Red Book, 1912, pages 116-117
  14. ^ Joyce C. Ghee, Joan Spence (2005). Eleanor Roosevelt. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 0-7385-3832-9.
  15. ^ "CHANLER JUST LEADS ON REVISED RETURNS; New Figures on the Vote Put Him 946 Ahead of Bruce. PROBABLY WILL STAY THERE If He Becomes Lieutenant Governor His Plurality Will Be the Smallest on Record". The New York Times. 9 November 1906. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
  16. ^ Harpers Magazine
  17. ^ Times, Special To The New York (17 September 1908). "CHANLER AND DIX FOR DEMOCRATS; Lieutenant Governor Nominated for First Place by Acclamation at Rochester Convention. HUMILIATION FOR McCARREN Murphy Suddenly Offers Anti-McCarren Man for Engineer and He Is Named. INSULT, SAYS THE SENATOR Warns Tammany That It Is Playing a Dangerous Game in Affronting the Democrats of Kings County". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
  18. ^ "MR. CHANLER". The New York Times. 4 November 1908. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
  19. ^ Times, Special To The New York (3 October 1909). "CHANLER FOR ASSEMBLY.; Also Nominee for the Dutchess County Board of Supervisors". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
  20. ^ Times, Special To The New York (27 September 1909). "TWO OFFICES FOR CHANLER?; Nominated for Supervisor and Friends Want to Name Him for Assembly". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
  21. ^ Panchyk, Richard (2007). Franklin Delano Roosevelt for Kids: His Life and Times with 21 Activities. Chicago Review Press. p. 21. ISBN 9781556526572. Retrieved 30 March 2018.
  22. ^ Times, Special To The New York (28 September 1955). "Obituary 1 -- No Title". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
  23. ^ "SOCIETY TOPICS OF THE WEEK". The New York Times. 12 October 1890. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
  24. ^ "MARRIED | CHANLER - CHAMBERLAIN". The New York Times. 7 October 1890. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
  25. ^ "MISS MURRAY WEDS LEWIS S. CHANLER; Flora Payne Whitney a Bridesmaid, and Her Fiance, Roderick Tower, an Usher". The New York Times. 18 April 1920. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
  26. ^ Times, Special To The New York (3 August 1963). "LEWIS S. CHANLER, BANKER, 72, DEAD | Ex-Head of Societe Generale Here--Son of State Aide". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
  27. ^ "MISS ALIDA CHANLER, BRIDE Ex-Lieut. Governor's Daughter Weds William C. Bohn". The New York Times. 10 September 1920. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
  28. ^ Waggoner, Walter H. (15 July 1981). "WILLIAM C. CHANLER DIES AT 85; LAWYER WAS COUNSEL FOR CITY". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
  29. ^ "Mrs. Lewis S. Chanler, 78, Dies; Headed Reform Bahai Movement; Widow of Former Lieutenant Governor Formed Society in '29 -- Wrote Several Books". The New York Times. 12 March 1961. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
  30. ^ "PRIVATE DWELLING SALES.; Lewis Stuyvesant Chanler Buys East Sixty-Fifth Street Residence". The New York Times. 1 February 1922. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
  31. ^ "L. S. Chanler Has a Broken Leg". The New York Times. 16 November 1934. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
  32. ^ "From Gaslight to Dawn" by Julie Chanler. New York: New History Foundation, 1956.
  33. ^ "HEADS PEACE SOCIETY | Mrs. L. S. Chanler Elected by Women's Organization". The New York Times. 2 January 1932. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
  34. ^ "CITY OFFICIALS ATTEND LEWIS CHANLER RITES; Many Other Friends at Funeral of Ex-Lieutenant Governor". The New York Times. 4 March 1942. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
  35. ^ Calvin, Scott (2017). Beyond Curie: Four Women in Physics and Their Remarkable Discoveries, 1903 to 1963. Morgan & Claypool Publishers. pp. 147–148. ISBN 9781681746463. Retrieved 30 March 2018.
  36. ^ "Kentucky Deaths". The Courier-Journal. July 30, 1978. p. 9. Retrieved 30 March 2018.
  37. ^ a b "Paid Notice: Deaths CHANLER, BRONSON WINTHROP". The New York Times. April 11, 2009. Retrieved 30 March 2018.
  38. ^ "Paid Notice: Deaths FORSTER, BAYARD STUYVESANT". The New York Times. 24 April 2001. Retrieved 30 March 2018.
  39. ^ Times, Special To the New York (January 17, 1971). "Geraldine Hraban to Be Married". The New York Times. Retrieved 30 March 2018.
  40. ^ "Montgomery Harris Jr". fhnfuneralhome.com. Retrieved 30 March 2018.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
John Raines
Acting Lieutenant Governor
Lieutenant Governor of New York
1907–1908
Succeeded by
Horace White
Party political offices
Preceded by
William Randolph Hearst
Democratic Nominee for Governor of New York
defeated

1908
Succeeded by
John Alden Dix
New York Assembly
Preceded by
Frederick Northrup
New York State Assembly, Dutchess County 2nd District
1910 - 1912
Succeeded by
John Augustus Kelly