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Lewis Watson, 1st Earl of Rockingham

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Lewis Watson
Earl of Rockingham
Coat of armsArms of Watson, of Rockingham Castle: Argent, on a chevron engrailed azure between three martlets sable as many crescents or
ReignWilliam III
George I
SuccessorLewis Watson, 2nd Earl of Rockingham
Other titles
Born29 December 1655
Rockingham Castle
Baptised25 January 1656
Died19 March 1724(1724-03-19) (aged 68)
Buried1 April 1724
Rockingham church
Noble familyWatson
Spouse(s)Catherine Sondes
FatherEdward Watson, 2nd Baron Rockingham
MotherAnne Wentworth

Lewis Watson, 1st Earl of Rockingham (29 December 1655 – 19 March 1724) was an English peer and politician. He was the eldest son of Edward Watson, 2nd Baron Rockingham (1630 – 1689) and Anne Wentworth, daughter of Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford.[1]

In 1681–1685, Watson was Whig Member of Parliament for Canterbury and for Higham Ferrers briefly in 1689, before having to leave the Commons on inheriting his father's barony that year.[1][2]

Lord Rockingham was Master of the Buckhounds in 1703–1705, Custos Rotulorum and Lord Lieutenant of Kent in 1705–1724, Vice-Admiral of Kent in 1705 and Deputy Warden of the Cinque Ports in 1705–1708. In 1714, he was created Earl of Rockingham.[3]

In July 1677, he married Catherine Sondes (d. 1696), a daughter of George Sondes, 1st Earl of Feversham.[3][4] They had five surviving children:[5]

His wife died on 21 March 1696 and was buried at Rockingham. He died on 19 march 1724 and was buried 1 April at Rockingham.[6] He was succeeded by his grandson, Lewis.[3]


  1. ^ a b Cokayne 1949, p. 57.
  2. ^ Henning 1983.
  3. ^ a b c Cokayne 1949, pp. 57–58.
  4. ^ Hasted 1798, pp. 38–50.
  5. ^ Wise 1891, pp. 100–101.
  6. ^ Cokayne 1949, p. 58.


  • Cokayne, G. E. (1949). White, Geoffrey H. (ed.). The Complete Peerage, or a History of the House of Lords and all its Members from the Earliest Times. Vol. 11. London: St Catherine Press. pp. 56–62.
  • Hasted, Edward (1798). "Parishes". The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent. Vol. 7. British History Online.
  • Henning, Basil Duke (1983). "Watson, Hon. Lewis (1655-1724), of Rockingham Castle, Northants". In Henning, Basil Duke (ed.). The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1660-1690 – via History of Parliament Online.
  • Wise, Charles (1891). Rockingham Castle and the Watsons. London: Elliot Stock. OCLC 902976023.

External links[edit]

Parliament of England
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Canterbury
With: Vincent Denne
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Higham Ferrers
Succeeded by
Honorary titles
Preceded by Lord Lieutenant of Kent
Succeeded by
Custos Rotulorum and
Vice-Admiral of Kent

Succeeded by
Peerage of Great Britain
New creation Earl of Rockingham
Succeeded by
Peerage of England
Preceded by Baron Rockingham
Succeeded by