Lewisham station

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Not to be confused with Lewisham railway station, Sydney.
Lewisham National Rail Docklands Light Railway
Lewisham station MMB 08.jpg
Lewisham is located in Greater London
Lewisham
Lewisham
Location of Lewisham in Greater London
Location Lewisham
Local authority London Borough of Lewisham
Managed by Southeastern
Docklands Light Railway
Station code LEW
DfT category C2
Number of platforms 6
Accessible Yes (DLR and 4 NR platforms) [1][2]
Fare zone 2 and 3
DLR annual boardings and alightings
2012 Increase 9.519 million[3]
2013 Decrease 9.387 million[4]
2014 Increase 10.733 million[4]
2015 Increase 11.541 million[4]
National Rail annual entry and exit
2012–13 Increase 8.192 million[5]
2013–14 Increase 8.670 million[5]
2014–15 Increase 9.218 million[5]
Key dates
30 July 1849 Opened
1 January 1857 Renamed (Lewisham Junction)
7 July 1929 Renamed (Lewisham)
1999 DLR extension
Other information
Lists of stations
External links
WGS84 51°27′55″N 0°00′48″W / 51.4653°N 0.0133°W / 51.4653; -0.0133Coordinates: 51°27′55″N 0°00′48″W / 51.4653°N 0.0133°W / 51.4653; -0.0133

Lewisham station is a National Rail and Docklands Light Railway station in Lewisham, south east London which first opened as Lewisham Junction New Station in 1857. It is on the south-east London commuter rail network operated by Southeastern.[6] Southeastern currently have posters up within the station stating that there will be partial demolition of the 1857 building to open up a waiting area with work being completed over ten weeks before September 2015.[7]

Station layout[edit]

There are four platforms for main-line trains: 1 and 2 on the North Kent Line, and 3 and 4 on a loop off the South Eastern Main Line (which are also known as the mid-Kent route).

Elaborate cast iron brackets

The current station which dates from 1857 is constructed of yellow stock brick with stone dressing and has an unusual survival of a wooden clapboard building at the back.The facade has a pleasing symmetry of three windows, three entrance doors, three windows. Sadly this is currently obscured by the placement of information screens and wiring. A closed Victorian post box is to the front of the station.

Original doors sash windows skirting tiling and banisters are present inside. The original corniced ceiling of the main hall is currently concealed by a lowered fake ceiling. Platform 3 has kept its original canopy with its elaborate cast iron brackets which depict cherries. some of the original champfered wood and cast iron supports of the original canopy survive on platform 2 although it has been crudely extended width onto the front of the original canopy in the early 20th century.

The station has similarities with other listed stations built at around the same time such as the listed Ladywell railway station Blackheath station and Gravesend railway station which has the same elaborate cast iron supporting brackets as can be found at Lewisham.[8]

Platforms 5 and 6 are served by Docklands Light Railway trains to Bank and Stratford. The Docklands Light Railway station opened in 1999 following a southward extension from Island Gardens. The original canopy over platform 4 was demolished at some point post 1990.

The original canopy over the main entrance was demolished in 2009 at a cost of £790k [9] and replaced with a steel version.

Lewisham Station (2) - geograph.org.uk - 436678

From December 2009, Lewisham was fitted with electric ticket gates, in line with the Government's new strategy to give all Greater London National Rail stations Oyster card accessibility and closing access to those who attempt to travel without tickets. This was controversial as it involved the closure of the gate on Platform 4 and led to a petition signed by over 1,000.[10]

British Transport Police also maintains a neighbourhood policing presence at Lewisham.[11]

History[edit]

Opening and early years (1857-1922)[edit]

The North Kent line opened on 30 July 1849 by the South Eastern Railway linking Strood with the London and Greenwich Railway route to London Bridge. The original station was located east of the Lewisham Road overbridge with access off Lewisham Road. With the opening of the mid-Kent line in 1857 a new station was built to the west so both lines could be served.[12]

The Station was built to enable interchange between the north Kent and mid Kent lines. The Mid Kent line was opened on 1 January 1857.[13] For a period Old Lewisham Station was also kept open [14]

Platform 1, Lewisham station - geograph.org.uk - 229248

Eleven passengers were killed in the Lewisham rail crash (1857) when a train ran into the back of a stationary train.

In 1898 the South Eastern Railway and the London Chatham and Dover Railway agreed to work as one railway company under the name of the South Eastern and Chatham Railway.

Southern Railway (1923-1947)[edit]

Following the Railways Act 1921 (also known as the Grouping Act), Lewisham became a Southern Railway station on 1 January 1923.

The Mid-Kent line was electrified with services commencing on 28 February 1926.

The North Kent Line was electrified with the (750 V DC third rail) system. Electrification was initially to Dartford (6 June 1926) and was extended to Gillingham by World War Two.

In 1929 large-scale remodelling of the junction was undertaken to enable cross-London freight traffic to be routed via Nunhead and Loughborough Junction. The new route utilised part of the former Greenwich Park branch (which had closed in 1917) and included a flyover.

The loop between Lewisham and the main line towards Hither Green, which had opened in 1929, was electrified on 16 July 1933 allowing Sidcup and Orpington local electric services to call.[15]

The Nunhead line was electrified in summer 1935 and opened to electric traffic on 30 September 1935 with services from the Bexleyheath and Sidcup to St Paul's (Blackfriars). This service was cancelled during World War 2 as an economy measure recommencing on 12 August 1946.[16]

British Railways (1948-1994)[edit]

After World War II and following nationalisation on 1 January 1948, it fell under the auspices of British Railways Southern Region.

On the 4 December 1957 the Lewisham rail crash occurred to the west of the station with 90 fatalities.

As part of the London Bridge re-signalling a new loop line was opened with a reversible track down to the west (Fast Line) side of St Johns which opened up on 1 April 1976.

Upon sectorisation in 1982, three passenger sectors were created: InterCity, operating principal express services; and London & South East (renamed Network SouthEast in 1986) who operated commuter services in the London area.[17]

The privatisation era (1994-present day)[edit]

Following privatisation of British Rail on 1 April 1994 the infrastructure at St Johns station became the responsibility of Railtrack whilst a business unit operated the train services. On 13 October 1996 operation of the passenger services passed to Connex South Eastern who were originally due to run the franchise until 2011.

On November 22 1999 Britain's Deputy Prime Minister John Prescott opened the 4·2 km Lewisham extension of London's Docklands Light Railway with trains running through to Bank.[18]

Following a number of accidents and financial issues Railtrack plc was sold to Network Rail on 3 October 2002 who became responsible for the infrastructure.[19] [20]

On 27 June 2003 the Strategic Rail Authority decided to strip Connex of the franchise citing poor financial management and run the franchise itself.[21][22] Connex South Eastern continued to operate the franchise until 8 November 2003 with the services transferring to the Strategic Rail Authority's South Eastern Trains subsidiary the following day.

On 30 November 2005 the Department for Transport awarded Govia the Integrated Kent franchise. The services operated by South Eastern Trains transferred to Southeastern on 1 April 2006.

The loop line to St Johns was doubled in 2013.

On 21 January 2016, Transport for London announced that in 2018, they will take over the London suburban parts of the Southeastern franchise, rebranding the routes as London Overground from that point.[23]

Planned Bakerloo line service[edit]

Tfl is currently considering extending the Bakerloo line to Lewisham. Both line options stop at Lewisham. If progressed the station is currently expected to open in 2030.[24]

In its draft Kent Route Utilisation Strategy,[25] Network Rail mentions the possibility of extending the Bakerloo line from Elephant & Castle to Lewisham, and then taking over the Hayes branch line. Network Rail states that this would free up six paths per hour into central London and so increasing capacity on the Tonbridge main line, which would also relieve the junctions around Lewisham. This would not be undertaken until after 2015.

Planned Jubilee line service[edit]

Lewisham tube station was planned to be built on the Jubilee line on the London Underground. Preliminary construction work was begun before the plan was delayed by lack of funds. Eventually the route was changed and the station cancelled.[26]

Services[edit]

Lewisham is the southern terminus of the DLR, the previous station being Elverson Road. It is on the boundary of Travelcard Zone 2 and Zone 3 and is a major transport hub, with many buses passing through or terminating here.

There are a number of freight trains that are generally routed through platforms 3 and 4. In 2012 these include freightliner trains (Isle of Grain), gypsum (Hothfield), aggregates (Angerstein Wharf) and nuclear material (Dungeness).

The typical off-peak service in trains per hour is:

Southeastern (National Rail)[edit]

Northbound;

Eastbound;

Southbound;

Docklands Light Railway[edit]

Northbound;

Docklands Light Railway trains operate to Canary Wharf, and continue onwards either to Bank or Stratford. At peak times or following service disruption, it is not unusual to see trains terminating at rather odd locations, such as All Saints or Gallions Reach.

Preceding station   DLR no-text roundel.svg DLR   Following station
Docklands Light Railway Terminus
National Rail National Rail
Nunhead   Southeastern
Nunhead to Lewisham Link (Victoria - Dartford)
  Blackheath
London Bridge or New Cross   Southeastern
North Kent &
Bexleyheath Lines
 
St Johns   Southeastern
Hayes Line
  Ladywell
London Bridge or St Johns   Southeastern
Dartford Loop Line
  Hither Green
  Southeastern
Grove Park Line
 

Connections[edit]

London Buses routes 21, 47, 75, 89, 108, 136, 178, 180, 181, 185, 199, 208, 225, 261, 273, 284, 321, 380, 436, 484, P4 and 621 and night routes N21, N89, N136 and N199 serve the station.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tube Map
  2. ^ Southeastern: Lewisham
  3. ^ Transport for London (12 February 2013). "Freedom of Information DLR usage 1213". Transport for London. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c "Up-to-date DLR entry/exit statistics for each station" (XLSX). What Do They Know. Transport for London. 18 March 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2016. 
  5. ^ a b c "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation.  Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
  6. ^ Southeastern -Station facilities: Lewisham
  7. ^ https://twitter.com/JosephJODonnell/status/607822817829253120
  8. ^ https://c1.staticflickr.com/3/2874/9465026135_21b0fd7110_h.jpg
  9. ^ http://www.networkrail.co.uk/browse%20documents/projects/nsip%20-%20project%20completion%20reports/southeastern%20railway/lewisham%20-%20november%202010.pdf
  10. ^ http://www.newsshopper.co.uk/news/11595822.Petition_to_re_open_Lewisham_station_gate_signed_by_1_152/
  11. ^ British Transport Police, London South Area
  12. ^ Jackson, Alan A (1999). London's Local Railways (2nd ed.). Harrow Weald: Capital Transport Publishing. p. 47. 
  13. ^ http://www.beckenhamhistory.co.uk/component/search/?searchphrase=all&searchword=railwaysinbeckenham
  14. ^ http://www.railwaysarchive.co.uk/documents/BoT_Lewisham1857.pdf
  15. ^ Jackson, Alan A (1999). London's Local Railways (2nd ed.). Harrow Weald: Capital Transport Publishing. p. 17. 
  16. ^ Jackson, Alan A (1999). London's Local Railways (2nd ed.). Harrow Weald: Capital Transport Publishing. p. 17. 
  17. ^ Thomas, David St John; Whitehouse, Patrick (1990). BR in the Eighties. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-9854-7. 
  18. ^ "On November 22 Britain's Deputy Prime Minister John Prescott opened the 4·2 km Lewisham extension of London's Docklands Light Railway". Railway Gazette. Railway Gazette. Retrieved 27 March 2016. 
  19. ^ Network Rail closer to Railtrack takeover BBC News, 1 April 2016
  20. ^ "Accounting for Producer Needs: The case of Britain’s rail infrastructure" (PDF). Centre for Management and Organisational History. p. 18. Retrieved 1 April 2016. 
  21. ^ "BBC NEWS - UK - England - Train firm loses franchise". BBC News. 27 June 2003. Retrieved 1 April 2016. 
  22. ^ Basher Bowker pulls the plug on Connex The Telegraph 29 June 2003
  23. ^ http://www.railtechnologymagazine.com/Rail-News/tfl-to-control-all-london-commuter-services-and-new-metro-network-
  24. ^ https://consultations.tfl.gov.uk/tube/bakerloo-extension
  25. ^ [1], Network Rail - Kent Route Utilisation Strategy: Draft for Consultation (April 2009) at paragraph 10.8.2 p. 172
  26. ^ Horne 2000, p. 36.

External links[edit]