Lexias pardalis

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Lexias pardalis
Lexias pardalis.jpg
Male – dorsal view
Female common archduke.jpg
Female – dorsal view
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Genus: Lexias
Species: L. pardalis
Binomial name
Lexias pardalis
Moore, 1878
Synonyms
  • Symphaedra pardalis Moore, 1878[1]

Lexias pardalis, the common archduke, is a butterfly of the Nymphalidae family.

Description[edit]

Lexias pardalis has a wingspan reaching about 80–90 millimetres (3.1–3.5 in). This species exhibits a strong sexual dimorphism, with very different pattern and colour. The upperside of the wings of the male are black with shimmering greenish-blue margins, especially in the hindwings. The uppersides of the cryptic wings of the larger females are dark brown with several rows of yellow spots, a pale green pattern on the lower wings. The wing pattern of yellow spots continue across the thorax and the abdomen.

The undersides in the males are brownish with whitish spots, while in the female the forewings are dark brown and the hindwings are pale bluish green, with whitish spots in both wings. The apical portion of the antennae are yellow orange in both sexes, while in the very similar species Lexias dirtea the clubs are black. Larvae feed on Cratoxylum formosum and Cratoxylum cochinchinense, while adults mainly feed on rotting fruits, especially in the genus Garcinia, but also on nectar of flowers. Caterpillars of the last instars are pale green and have many spines radiating from the body. Also the chrysalis is pale green.

Distribution[edit]

This species can be found in the Indomalaya ecozone.[2]

Habitat[edit]

Lexias pardalis prefer paths, clearings and edges of primary forests and they are easily sighted in sunny areas standing on the forest floor.

Gallery[edit]

Subspecies[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ BioLib.cz
  2. ^ a b "Lexias Boisduval, 1832" at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms

External links[edit]