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Leylan is located in Iran
Coordinates: 37°00′48″N 46°12′19″E / 37.01333°N 46.20528°E / 37.01333; 46.20528Coordinates: 37°00′48″N 46°12′19″E / 37.01333°N 46.20528°E / 37.01333; 46.20528
Country  Iran
Province East Azerbaijan
County Malekan
Bakhsh Leylan
Population (2006)
 • Total 6,079
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)

Leylan (Persian: ليلان‎‎; also Romanized as Leylān, Lailān, and Laylān)[1] is a city in and the capital of Leylan District, in Malekan County, East Azerbaijan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 6,079, in 1,468 families.[2]

The ancient Iranian town of Ganzak is identified as being near Leylan in the Miandoab plain.[3][4] Ganzak was built by the Achaemenids, and was the seat of the satrap of Media.


  1. ^ Leylan can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3073103" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original (Excel) on 2011-11-11. 
  3. ^ M. Boyce, Ganzak, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, vol. 10, 2001.
  4. ^ Christensen, Peter (1993). The Decline of Iranshahr. Museum Tusculanum Press. pp. 323–324, note 10. ISBN 978-87-7289-259-7. Retrieved 23 Jul 2008.