Leyland, Lancashire

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

St Ambrose Church, Leyland - geograph.org.uk - 800569.jpg
Church of St Ambrose
Leyland is located in the Borough of South Ribble
Shown within South Ribble
Leyland is located in Lancashire
Location within Lancashire
Population35,578 [1] (2001 census)
OS grid referenceSD549232
Shire county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townLEYLAND
Postcode districtPR25, PR26
Dialling code01772
AmbulanceNorth West
UK Parliament
List of places
53°41′31″N 2°41′49″W / 53.692°N 2.697°W / 53.692; -2.697Coordinates: 53°41′31″N 2°41′49″W / 53.692°N 2.697°W / 53.692; -2.697

Leyland (/ˈllənd/) is a town in the South Ribble borough, in the county of Lancashire, England. It is approximately six miles (10 km) south of the city of Preston. The population of the town was estimated at 35,578 at the 2011 Census.[2]

Throughout the 20th and 21st century, the community has seen a large growth in industry, population and farming.

The name of the town is of old Anglo-Saxon origin, meaning "untilled land".


St Andrews Parish Church

English Leyland was an area of fields, with Roman roads passing through, from ancient Wigan to Walton-le-Dale.

It was left undisturbed for many centuries until rediscovered shortly after the Battle of Hastings (1066). Leyland is mentioned in the Domesday Book (1085). In 1066, King Edward the Confessor presided over the whole of Leyland. The manor was divided into three large ploughlands, which were controlled by local noblemen. In the 12th century, it came under the barony of Penwortham.

The area of Worden, which is now Worden Park, was one of nine oxgangs of land granted to the Knights Hospitaller, by Roger de Lacy, in Lancashire, but the land was not assigned to any individual and a local man, who was a very close friend of de Lacy, Hugh Bussel, was assigned holder of the land in 1212.

Notable features that remain include the St Andrew's Parish Church, built around 1200 AD, and the large stone Leyland Cross, thought to date back to Saxon times.

Industry and commerce[edit]

The town is famous primarily for the bus and truck manufacturer Leyland Motors, which between the 1950s and 1970s expanded and grew to own several British motor manufacturers, including British Motor Corporation, Standard-Triumph and Rover, culminating in the massive British Leyland company. The truck business still operates today as Leyland Trucks, and is owned by Paccar.

Leyland is also home to one of the leading maintenance and utility companies in the United Kingdom, Enterprise plc on Centurion Way. The Leyprint company is situated on Leyland Lane, a company which produces menus and other printed items.

A large superstore of Tesco was built in July 2002, and it stands near the police station. The old BTR Factory was knocked down to make way for new housing in 2004, and in July 2006, the town was installed with a Morrisons, a Homebase (which closed down in the end of 2014, and was replaced with The Range) and an Argos (closed at the start of March 2020 COVID-19 lockdown, replaced by a branch of The Gym Group).

The Leyland Band have also recently moved to the town, after several years in various other rehearsal locations, and now have a permanent home in Farington Business Park.

Leyland is home to C&W Berry Ltd, locally known as Berry’s, a large builders merchants located on Golden Hill Labn.[3]

The town is also home to Dr Oetkers pizza factory. Located on Marathon Place, Moss Side, since 1989.[4]


Leyland railway station is on the West Coast Main Line and is operated by Northern. There is one train an hour between Liverpool Lime Street and Preston. There is also one train an hour between Manchester Victoria/Hazel Grove to Blackpool North.

There is a marker adjacent to the old Leyland Motors Spurrier works declares the halfway point on the railway journey between Glasgow and London, some 198 miles in either direction. John Fishwick & Sons served the town's public transport needs. They also connected the town to Chorley and Preston. The company ceased trading on 24 October 2015, and Stagecoach Merseyside & South Lancashire have taken over their core route 111.[5]


High schools[edit]

High schools in Leyland include Balshaw's CE High School near Leyland Cross, St Mary's Catholic High School, Worden Academy, a smaller high school situated to the west of the town and Wellfield Academy near the town centre.[6]


To the east of Worden Park is Runshaw College.


Former Primitive Methodist chapel, Leyland Lane

Since July 2007, the former Primitive Methodist Church on Leyland Lane has been home to the Greek Orthodox Church of the Holy Apostles.[7]

Most of the housing in Leyland falls under the semi-detached, detached and bungalow categories. There are a few modern housing estates, but about 65% of the accommodation in the town was built in the 1970s.


Leyland is made up by six different areas, the town centre itself counts as the main retail side, with the railway station, library and shops nearby. The other areas include Broadfield, Moss Side, Worden Park, Turpin Green and the Wade Hall estate.



Notable people who have grown up or lived in Leyland include:


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Population of 35,578 is the sum of the following ward populations: Moss Side 3673; Earnshaw Bridge Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine 3722; Golden Hill Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine 3982; Seven Stars 3701; Lowerhouse 4050; Leyland St. Mary's 3562; Leyland Central Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine 3626; Leyland St. Ambrose Archived 3 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine 3337; Leyland St. John's Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine 5925. All accessed 30 September 2011.
  2. ^ "Leyland Central - UK Census Data 2011".
  3. ^ "Builders Merchants - Timber Merchant | C&W Berry". www.cwberry.com.
  4. ^ "Pizza factory planning to super-size in Leyland to grab a bigger slice of the market". 9 January 2020.
  5. ^ "John Fishwick & Sons". Fishwicks.
  6. ^ "GCSE success for Leyland students".
  7. ^ "Orthodox Church of the Holy Apostles". www.holy-apostles.org.uk.
  8. ^ Prince, Rosa (16 July 2015). "Tim Farron: the Christian Lefty on course to be elected Liberal Democrat leader". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 13 April 2018. Retrieved 5 April 2018.

External links[edit]