Church of St Ambrose, Leyland
|Population||35,578  (2001 census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Postcode district||PR25, PR26|
|EU Parliament||North West England|
Leyland (//) is a town in the South Ribble borough, in the county of Lancashire, England. It is approximately six miles (10 km) south of the city of Preston. The population of the town was estimated as 35,600 at the 2011 Census.
Throughout the 20th and 21st century, the community has seen a large growth in industry, population and farming.
The name of the town is of old Anglo-Saxon origin, meaning "untilled land".
It was left undisturbed for many centuries until rediscovered shortly after the Battle of Hastings (1066). Leyland is mentioned in the Domesday Book (1085). In 1066, King Edward the Confessor presided over the whole of Leyland. The manor was divided into three large ploughlands, which were controlled by local noblemen. In the 12th century, it came under the barony of Penwortham.
The area of Worden, which is now Worden Park, was one of nine oxgangs of land granted to the Knights Hospitaller, by Roger de Lacy, in Lancashire, but the land was not assigned to any individual and a local man, who was a very close friend of de Lacy, Hugh Bussel, was assigned holder of the land in 1212.
The town is famous primarily for the bus and truck manufacturer Leyland Motors, which between the 1950s and 1970s expanded and grew to own several British motor manufacturers, including British Motor Corporation, Standard-Triumph and Rover, culminating in the massive British Leyland company. The truck business still operates today as Leyland Trucks, and is owned by Paccar.
Leyland is also home to one of the leading maintenance and utility companies in the United Kingdom, Enterprise plc on Centurion Way. The Leyprint company is situated on Leyland Lane, a company which produces menus and other printed items.
A large superstore of Tesco was built in July 2002, and it stands near the police station. The old BTR Factory was knocked down to make way for new housing in 2004, and in July 2006, the town was installed with a Morrisons, a Homebase (which closed down in the end of 2014, and was replaced with The Range) and an Argos.
The Leyland Band have also recently moved to the town, after several years in various other rehearsal locations, and now have a permanent home in Farington Business Park.
Chronic 4 is a professional eSports organisation from Leyland participating in tournaments for games like Wii Sports.
Leyland railway station is on the West Coast Main Line and is operated by Northern. There is one train an hour between Liverpool Lime Street and Preston. There is also one train an hour between Manchester Victoria/Hazel Grove to Blackpool North.
There is a marker adjacent to the old Leyland Motors Spurrier works declares the halfway point on the railway journey between Glasgow and London, some 198 miles in either direction. John Fishwick & Sons served the town's public transport needs. They also connected the town to Chorley and Preston. The company ceased trading on 24 October 2015, and Stagecoach Merseyside & South Lancashire have taken over their core route 111.
High schools in Leyland include Balshaw's CE High School near Leyland Cross, St Mary's Catholic High School, Worden Sports College, a smaller high school situated to the west of the town and Wellfield High School near the town centre.
Most of the housing in Leyland falls under the semi-detached, detached and bungalow categories. There are a few modern housing estates, but about 65% of the accommodation in the town was built in the 1970s.
Leyland is made up by six different areas, the town centre itself counts as the main retail side, with the railway station, library and shops nearby. The other areas include Broadfield, Moss Side, Worden Park, Turpin Green and the Wade Hall estate.
Notable people who have grown up or lived in Leyland include:
- Fred Beardsworth, footballer
- William Bennett, 1920s footballer
- Clarke Carlisle, footballer, was educated at Balshaw's CE High School
- Trevor Hemmings, multi millionaire philanthropist spent his teenage years in Leyland
- Allen Hill, played in the first ever cricket Test
- Phil Jones, footballer
- Frank Moss, football manager and former player, known for his six-year contract with Arsenal
- Danny Mayor, footballer
- Mike Salmon, retired goalkeeper, who currently works as a football manager
- Kevin Simm, Liberty X singer grew up in the area and attended St Anne's Primary School and St Mary's High School
- Mark Strange, martial arts expert and film producer
- Chris Tuson, rugby league player
- John Woodcock, executed by the Stuarts in 1646, for his Catholicism
- Population of 35,578 is the sum of the following ward populations: Moss Side 3673; Earnshaw Bridge 3722; Golden Hill 3982; Seven Stars 3701; Lowerhouse 4050; Leyland St. Mary's 3562; Leyland Central 3626; Leyland St. Ambrose 3337; Leyland St. John's 5925. All accessed 30 September 2011.
- "John Fishwick & Sons". Fishwicks.
- GCSE success for Leyland students
- BBC Online (2006a) Schools in Lancashire, Education\League Tables, 19 January 2006 [accessed 27 June 2007]
- BBC Online (2006b) Institutions in Lancashire, Education\League Tables, 19 January 2006 [accessed 4 May 2007]
- Hunt, D., (1990), The History of Leyland and District, Carnegie Press, ISBN 0-948789-48-4
- Hunt, D. and Waring, W. (1995), The Archive Photograph Series: Leyland, Chalford Publishing Company, ISBN 0-7524-0348-6
- Smith, J., (2003), Then and Now: Leyland, Tempus Publishing, ISBN 0-7524-2672-9
- South Ribble Borough Council – Leyland Town Centre Masterplan [accessed 23 April 2008]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Leyland, Lancashire.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Leyland.|