Leyland Victory Mark 2
|Leyland Victory Mark 2|
Preserved China Motor Bus Victory Mark 2 in Scotland in September 2012
|Body and chassis|
|Floor type||Step entrance|
|Transmission||Voith DIWA 851|
Self-Changing Gears GB350
|Successor||Leyland Olympian (indirect)|
The Leyland Victory Mark 2 was a front-engined double-decker bus chassis manufactured by Leyland between 1978 and 1981. Like its competitor the Dennis Jubilant it was specifically designed for the contemporary operating environment (hilly roads and one-person operation with a farebox) in Hong Kong.
The chassis was developed from the Guy Victory J, which was also chosen by Bus Bodies (South Africa) for the development of its own double-decker. Four examples were delivered to Kowloon Motor Bus for evaluation. It could be fitted with Gardner 6LXB engine and Voith D851 gearbox, but one Victory Mark 2 for China Motor Bus had been experimentally fitted with Self-Changing Gears GB350 gearbox.
Kowloon Motor Bus (KMB) introduced 540 Victory Mark 2s between 1979 and 1983, including one unsuccessful air-conditioned coach which later had the air-conditioning unit removed. China Motor Bus (CMB) purchased 167 Victory Mark 2s between 1979 and 1982. New Lantao Bus (NLB) also purchased nine between 1980 and 1983, with a further six buses acquired from KMB in later years. In 1993 NLB sold 10 of its Victory Mark 2s to Citybus which took over 26 routes from CMB on 1 September 1993.
All NLB and Citybus's Victory Mark 2s were withdrawn in the mid-1990s. KMB withdrew its last Victory Mark 2 in early 1998. CMB operated Victory Mark 2s until the takeover of its routes and vehicles, by New World First Bus on 1 September 1998, the ex-CMB Victory Mark 2s were gradually replaced by new low-floor buses, the last Victory Mark 2s were withdrawn on 31 August 2000.
Four Citybus Victory Mark 2s became service vehicles after withdrawal, whilst some withdrawn KMB/CMB Victory Mark 2s were sold on for use in rescue training.
|29 August 1980||CMB LV11||4||rollover||Pok Fu Lam Road near Pok Fu Lam Tsuen|
|1 December 1980||KMB G217||70||rollover||junction between Nathan Road and Waterloo Road, Kowloon|
|23 August 1981||KMB G94||66M||collision & fire||Tuen Mun Road near Sham Tseng|
|24 November 1981||KMB G58||45||rollover||junction between Fat Kwong Street and Chung Hau Street|
|25 January 1982||KMB (unknown)||36M||rollover||junction between Castle Peak Road and Wo Yi Hop Road|
|17 August 1982||KMB (unknown)||85||rollover||Lion Rock Tunnel Road|
|12 October 1982||KMB G442||48||rollover||junction between Tai Wai Road and Lion Rock Tunnel Road|
|14 November 1982||KMB G440||60M||rollover||Tuen Mun Road near Siu Lam|
|2 February 1985||KMB G208||82M||rollover||junction between Lion Rock Tunnel Road and Tai Chung Kiu Road|
|10 April 1985||KMB G224||72||rollover||Tai Po Road near Caldecott Road|
|5 November 1986||KMB G470||61A||rollover||junction between Ming Kum Road and Shek Pai Tau Road, Tuen Mun|
|17 March 1990||CMB LV21||94||rollover||Ap Lei Chau Bridge (exit at Aberdeen side)|
|9 October 1991||KMB G493||43X||rollover||entrance of Tsuen Wan Ferry Pier bus terminus|
|25 July 1993||KMB G305||69M||rollover||junction between Hung Tin Road and Ping Ha Road|
|June 1996||KMB G159||76K||deroof||San Tam Road|
Some of the ex-China Motor Bus Victory Mark 2s had been saved for preservation. LV2, LV30 and LV158 are preserved in Hong Kong, LV36 was donated to Scottish Vintage Bus Museum.
- Leyland Victory Mark 2 was also known as "chicken" in Hong Kong because its soft suspension made it behave like a chicken when accelerating or decelerating.
- "Hong Kong Buses Part 3: Kowloon Motor Bus" Fleetline issue 249 July 1997 page 112
- York, FW; Davis, Mike; Phillips, Ron (2005). Singapore Buses Volume 1 Singapore Bus Service Part 1. DTS Publishing. ISBN 9781900515757.
- All due credit Commercial Motor 15 September 1978
- Tradition wins CMB 'Commercial Motor 30 March 1979
- Leyland for Hong Kong Commercial Motor 10 November 1979
- "Hong Kong Buses Part 1: China Motor Bus Co" Fleetline issue 247 March 1997 page 50
- "Hong Kong Buses: Part 2 Citybus Limited" Fleetline issue 248 May 1997 page 93