Leytonstone

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Leytonstone
Churchyard Market Leytonstone.jpg
Churchyard Market Leytonstone
Leytonstone is located in Greater London
Leytonstone
Leytonstone
Leytonstone shown within Greater London
Population 12,879 (2011 Census. Ward)[1]
OS grid reference TQ3987
London borough
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district E11
E15
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°34′08″N 0°00′36″E / 51.569°N 0.010°E / 51.569; 0.010Coordinates: 51°34′08″N 0°00′36″E / 51.569°N 0.010°E / 51.569; 0.010

Leytonstone /ˈltənˌstn/ is an area of East London, and part of the London Borough of Waltham Forest. It is a suburban area, located seven miles north-east of Charing Cross in Greater London. It borders Walthamstow to the north-west, Wanstead (in the London Borough of Redbridge) to the north, Stratford and Leyton to the south, and Forest Gate (in the London Borough of Newham) to the east. The area is served by Leytonstone tube station on the Central line & Leytonstone High Road on London Overground's Gospel Oak to Barking line. The northern end of Leytonstone High Road, beside Wanstead Flats, is known as Bushwood.

History[edit]

The stone and obelisk

Origins And Roman Milestone[edit]

The main thoroughfare, Leytonstone High Road, is part of an ancient highway from Epping to London, on the borders of Epping Forest. A small hamlet at Leytonstone has existed since the early 14th century, when it formed part of the parish of Leyton in the county of Essex. The name Leytonstone was originally ‘Leyton-atte-Stone' and comes from a distance marker called the "High Stone". The High Stone, which stands at the junction of Hollybush Hill (the A1199 road from Woodford) and New Wanstead (the A113 road from Woodford Bridge), near the eastern boundary of the parish, is a restored 18th-century obelisk set up on an earlier stump, which has been traditionally described as a Roman milestone, possibly marking an extension of the Roman road from Dunmow to Chigwell into London.[2] Two of the obelisk's inscriptions are still just legible: others are not:

"To Epping XI Miles through Woodford, Loughton"
"To Ongar XV Miles through Woodford Bridge, Chigwell, Abridge"

Other Roman archaeological features have been found in the Leyton area. "There was a Roman cemetery south of Blind Lane, and massive foundations of some Roman building, with quantities of Roman brick, were discovered in the grounds of Leyton Grange."[3]

18th Century[edit]

Bearmans Department Store - Old advert still on display at entrance to Leytonstone Underground Station

In 1722, author Daniel Defoe travelled through "Layton-stone, a place by some known, now as much, by the sign of the Green-Man". Leytonstone was one of the villages, along with Stratford, Leyton and Woodford which Defoe described as being desirable country retreats for wealthy merchants and financiers, within an easy ride of the City.[4]

19th Century[edit]

Leytonstone remained largely rural until the opening of the railway at Leytonstone station in 1856, which gave quick and easy access to Stratford and central London. This, combined with the increased availability of office and industrial work had transformed the area into a suburban dormitory town by the end of the 19th century.

The Hollow Pond in Epping Forest at Whipps Cross Road, Leytonstone.

However, the forest land in the north and east of Leytonstone escaped development following a prolonged public campaign, when the Epping Forest Act 1878 preserved more than 200 acres (80 hectares) of open space for public use.[2]

In 1898 the department store, Bearmans was opened by Frank Bearman. Selling furniture and clothing it was the first store outside central London to have an escalator.

20th Century[edit]

In the 1960s there was a problem of congestion around the shopping streets in Leytonstone,[2] so a one way system was introduced. In the 1990s the M11 link road was built through the area despite a long running protest by locals and road protestors. This and other protests led to the policy, Roads for Prosperity, being abandoned.[5]

Governance[edit]

Leytonstone was part of the ancient parish of Leyton in the Becontree Hundred of Essex. For ecclesiastical purposes it constituted a separate parish from 1845.[6] The parish of Leyton formed part of the West Ham Poor law union. In 1894 it became part of the Leyton Urban District, which was incorporated in 1926 as the Municipal Borough of Leyton. Leytonstone became part of the London Borough of Waltham Forest in 1965 upon the creation of Greater London.

The area is part of the Leyton and Wanstead constituency. As of May 2010, John Cryer has held the seat for the Labour Party. For elections to the London Assembly it is part of the North East constituency and the AM is Jennette Arnold of the Labour Party. It is part of the London constituency for elections to the European Parliament.

Transport[edit]

Leytonstone tube station is in Zone 3 on the Central line of the London Underground, and serves as the last stop before the line splits into two, dividing into the Fairlop Loop and the branch out to Epping (Zone 6). Since 2016, night tube trains run on Friday and Saturdays on the Central line, approximately every 10 minutes between White City and Leytonstone.[7] A series of tiled mosaics commemorating local director, Alfred Hitchcock, line the entrance passages to the tube station.[8]

Leytonstone High Road Overground Station

Leytonstone High Road is a separate London Overground railway station, some 10 mins walk from the tube station, serving the line known colloquially as The GoBlin (Gospel Oak to Barking). This line was recently prepared for electrification ready for the introduction, by the end of 2018, of new longer trains offering an additional 30 per cent capacity.

Leytonstone Bus Station is located either side of Leytonstone Underground Station. Buses include 257 to Stratford, W15 to Hackney as well as the night bus N8 to Tottenham Court Road.

At the southern end of Leytonstone lies Maryland station - soon to be a Crossrail station, with works to prepare the station for Elizabeth Line services set to complete in summer 2018. This section of the Elizabeth Line between Shenfield in Essex and Liverpool Street is due to begin operating in December 2018.

Leytonstone is located close to the foot of the M11 motorway to Cambridge but within the ring formed by the North Circular and South Circular Roads. The Mayor of London has announced that the capital’s Ultra-Low Emission Zone (ULEZ) will be expanded up to the North and South Circular boundary in 2021.[9]

Education[edit]

Davies Lane School, Bushwood Area of Leytonstone

Leytonstone schools include:

  • Davies Lane Primary School. First opened in 1901 as a boarding school. In 1948 it became a junior and infants school, merging into a single primary in 2004. One of its most famous old boys is the TV chat show host, Jonathon Ross. In 2014 it was rated Outstanding by Ofsted.
  • George Tomlinson Primary School
  • Gwyn Jones Primary School
  • Mayville Primary School
  • Buxton School, an all-through school for ages 3-16 and Specialist Science College
  • Connaught School for Girls, a specialist Language school
  • Leytonstone School, a specialist Business and Enterprise school
  • Norlington School for Boys, a specialist Maths and ICT school

Notable features[edit]

Church of St John the Baptist, Leytonstone
Leytonstone House
  • Leytonstone House, 18th century former home of Sir Edward Buxton, a former MP and conservationist who, with his brother, played amajor part in protecting Epping, Hainault and Hatfield forests. Grade II Listed building. From 1868-1936 Bethnal Green School for the juvenile poor

Public services[edit]

Leytonstone's New Fire Station

Thames Water supplies Leytonstones' water. EDF Energy Networks is the Distribution network operator licensed to distribute electricity from the transmission grid to homes and businesses in Leytonstone.

Former Leytonstone Fire Station

Whipps Cross University Hospital, on Whipps Cross road, is a University Hospital administrated by Whipps Cross University Hospital NHS Trust. London Ambulance Service responds to medical emergencies in Leytonstone. Home Office policing in Leytonstone is provided by the Metropolitan Police Service.

Statutory emergency fire service is provided by the London Fire Brigade, with Leytonstone Fire Station on Leytonstone High Road. The original Victorian building which housed the Leytonstone Fire Station was knocked down in 2014 and its new replacement opened in February 2016.

Sports[edit]

Leytonstone is home to the North Star Velo cycling club.[1] 5K Parkruns take place in Wanstead Flats every week.[2]

Leytonstone Leisure Centre

Overseen by City of London Corporation, 60 football pitches - including 8 full size - are located on Wanstead Flats and amateur football teams from Leytonstone play every Sunday.

Leytonstone Leisure Centre in Cathall Road, consists of a state-of-the-art gym on 2 floors, 25m main pool, teaching pool, 2 badminton court sports halls, fitness class studios, an indoor soft play area for under 6's.[13]

Leytonstone was home to former association football team Leytonstone F.C. before they merged with Redbridge Forest F.C.. They last played in the Isthmian League during the 1978-79 season.

Notable people[edit]

Damon Albarn Blue Plaque, Fillebrook Road, Leytonstone

In drama, film and television[edit]

Telephone exchange snobbery[edit]

Telephone subscribers of Upper Leytonstone whose lines were originally connected to Walthamstow manual telephone exchange objected to being given numbers on the LEYtonstone automatic exchange, as Leytonstone was a place they considered distinctly unfashionable. The Post Office therefore gave them KEYstone telephone numbers, but these were hypothetical - both LEY and KEY were (are) 539 in numeric terms.[19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Waltham Forest Ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 19 October 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c Powell, W. R. (1973). "A History of the County of Essex". British History Online. pp 174–184, Leyton: Introduction. Retrieved 26 March 2018. 
  3. ^ Kennedy, J. A History of the Parish of Leyton, Essex Phelp Brothers, Leyton (1894), digital copy at archive.org
  4. ^ Defoe, Daniel (1722), A tour thro' the whole island of Great Britain, divided into circuits or journies (Volume I, Letter I)
  5. ^ Lean, Geoffrey (21 January 1996). "Tories ditch the 'car economy'". The Independent. London. Retrieved 7 May 2010. 
  6. ^ Hibbert, Christopher (2008). London Encyclopaedia. Macmillan London Ltd. pp. 482–483. ISBN 978-1-4050-4924-5. 
  7. ^ Matters, Transport for London | Every Journey. "The Night Tube". Transport for London. Retrieved 29 April 2017. 
  8. ^ "Alfred Hitchock Tile Murals in Tube Station". 
  9. ^ "Mayor Of London Press Release ULEZ (low emission zone) expansion to expand up to North and South Circular". 
  10. ^ "Welcome to St Johns". www.stjohns-leytonstone.org.uk. Retrieved 29 April 2017. 
  11. ^ "Hitchock's Home - Leytonstoner". 
  12. ^ "East London Guardian - History: The Leytonstone Library that became 'a symbol of freedom and democracy' in war propaganda". East London Guardian. 
  13. ^ "Leytonstone Leisure Centre". 
  14. ^ "BBC Damon Albarn sings Park Life In Red Lion Pub, Leytonstone". 
  15. ^ "Blue Plaque - Fanny Craddock". 
  16. ^ "Famous people who came from our area". www.leytonpast.info. Leyton & Leytonstone Historical Society. Retrieved 26 March 2018. 
  17. ^ Deep End filming locations at IMDb
  18. ^ Hat Trick Productions: Small Potatoes
  19. ^ http://strowger-net.telefoniemuseum.nl/tel_tech_hypotheticals.html

External links[edit]