Lhao Vo language

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Lhao Vo
Lhao Vo
Native to Burma, China
Native speakers
100,000 (1997)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 mhx
Glottolog maru1249[2]

Lhao Vo, also known as Maru and Langsu (Chinese: 浪速), is a Burmish language of Burma with a few thousand speakers in China.


Dai Qingxia (2005:3) reports 5,600 Langsu speakers in China. Many thousands more are dispersed across the eastern edge of Kachin State, Burma.

The Langsu people call themselves lɔ̃˧˩ vɔ˧˩ (Chinese: Lang'e 浪峨) (Dai 2003:3; Dai 2010:10)[3]


The Langsong 浪宋 are found in Zaoyang 早阳[4] in Yunlong County, as well as in Baocun 表村,[5] Laomo 老末, and Sancha 三岔.[6][7] They reportedly speak a highly endangered language that may be possibly related to Langsu.


  1. ^ Lhao Vo at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Maru". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ Dai Qingxia [戴庆厦] (2010). The Chashan people of Pianma and their language [片马茶山人及其语言]. Beijing: The Commercial Press [商务印书馆].
  4. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vdefault.aspx?departmentid=60920
  5. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=37739
  6. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=37740
  7. ^ 中国少数民族社会历史调查资料丛刊修订编辑委员会. 2009. 景颇族社会历史调查, p.57. Beijing: Minzu Chubanshe.

Further reading[edit]

  • 戴 Dai, 慶廈 Qingxia (2005). 浪速语研究 Langsu Yanjiu [Study of the Maru Language] (in Chinese). Beijing: 民族出版社 Minzu Chubanshe. ISBN 9787105068159. 
  • Yabu Shirō 藪 司郎 (1988). "A preliminary report on the study of the Maru, Lashi and Atsi languages of Burma." Yoshiaki Ishizawa (ed.), Historical and cultural studies in Burma, 65-132. Tokyo: Institute of Asian Studies, Sophia University.

External links[edit]