Lhonak River

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Lhonak River
Country India
Physical characteristics
River mouth Teesta River
Basin features
River system Teesta River

The Lhonak River is a tributary of the Teesta River in the Indian state of Sikkim.[1]


The Lhonak originates as a small stream from a glacier in the snowy wastes of northern Sikkim. It generally flows south till it joins the Teeta. The main Himalayan wall with its high snow-clad peaks forms the northern boundary of the catchment. Small glaciers or tongues of perpetual ice descend from the depressions between the ridges into the valleys. They give birth to small streams which join the main channel of the Lhonak. The upper course is along an ancient glacial valley. While the middle and lower courses have been carved by both the action of ice and running water, the side valleys are formed by melt-ice opens into the main valley. No vegetation is found in higher reaches. Alpine pastures occur near the snow line. Subalpine and temperate forests are found at lower elevations. Human habitation in the Lhomak valley is very sparse. It is visited by graziers.[1]


Lhonak lake was considered as one of the dangerous lake, which may outburst. Central Water Commission carried out the study adn Department of Science and Technology has carried out the bathymetric survey to assess its volume and possible danger of outburst.

Lhonak valley[edit]

The Lhonak Valley is a grassland in the exposed river valley of Goma Chu in northwest Sikkim, with boggy marshes, glacial lakes, barren scree slopes and glaciers. Goma Chu rises in North and South Lhonak glaciers and runs across the valley to join Zema Chu, a glacier at the southern end of the valley, as is the Green Lake.[2]


  1. ^ a b Negi, S. S. (1991). "Himalayan rivers, lakes and glaciers". p. 93. Indus Publishing. ISBN 8185182612. 
  2. ^ "Lhonak Valley" (PDF). Retrieved 2010-05-28. 

Coordinates: 27°46′N 88°29′E / 27.767°N 88.483°E / 27.767; 88.483