Liège-Guillemins railway station

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Liège-Guillemins
SNCB logo.svg
Railway Station
Liège Luik Lüttich (4411635751).jpg
General information
LocationPlace des Guillemins, Liège
Belgium
Coordinates50°37′29″N 5°34′01″E / 50.62472°N 5.56694°E / 50.62472; 5.56694Coordinates: 50°37′29″N 5°34′01″E / 50.62472°N 5.56694°E / 50.62472; 5.56694
Owned bySNCB/NMBS
Operated bySNCB/NMBS
Line(s)4, 34, 36, 37, 40, 43, 125
Platforms5
Tracks10
Construction
ArchitectSantiago Calatrava
History
Opened1842-05-01
2009-09-18
Rebuilt2009-09-18
Passengers
20096.26 million
Services
Preceding station Thalys Following station
Brussels-South
towards Paris-Nord
Thalys Aachen Hbf
towards Dortmund Hbf
Preceding station Deutsche Bahn AG-Logo.svg DB Fernverkehr Following station
Brussels-North Aachen Hbf
Preceding station SNCB logo.svg NMBS/SNCB Following station
Leuven
towards Oostende
IC 01 Verviers-Central
towards Eupen
Liège-Carré IC 09
weekends
Terminus
Leuven
towards Kortrijk
IC 12
weekdays
Angleur
towards Welkenraedt
Liège-Carré
towards Hasselt
IC 13
weekdays
Bressoux
towards Maastricht
Terminus IC 13
weekends
Ans
towards Quiévrain
IC 14
weekdays
Terminus
Liège-Carré IC 18
weekdays
Flemalle-Haute
towards Mons
IC 25
weekdays
Liège-Carré
towards Herstal
Flemalle-Haute
towards Mouscron
IC 25
weekends
Liège-Carré
towards Liers
Liège-Carré
towards Liers
IC 33 Angleur
towards Luxembourg
Sclessin
towards Namur
L 01 Terminus
Liège-Carré
towards Liers
L 15 Angleur
towards Marloie
Liège-Carré
towards Herstal
L 17 Angleur
Ans
towards Waremme
L 21
weekdays
Terminus
Ans
towards Landen
L 21
weekends
Location
Liège-Guillemins is located in Belgium
Liège-Guillemins
Liège-Guillemins
Location in Belgium
Liège-Guillemins is located in Europe
Liège-Guillemins
Liège-Guillemins
Location in Europe

Liège-Guillemins railway station (French: Gare de Liège-Guillemins, Dutch: Station Luik-Guillemins, IATA code: XHN), officially Liège-Guillemins, is the main station in Liège, Belgium. It is one of the most important hubs in the country and is one of the four Belgian stations on the high-speed rail network. The station is used by 15,000[1] people every day, which makes it the eleventh-busiest station in Belgium and the third in Wallonia. It is operated by the National Railway Company of Belgium (SNCB/NMBS).

History[edit]

First station (1842–1863)[edit]

The choice to make Liège the crossing point of a railway goes back to the first sketches of the railway from Antwerp to the Rhine, drawn up just after the Belgian Revolution. A royal decree issued on 21 March 1832 mentions it and a law dated 1 May 1834 provides for the creation of four lines, including the "eastern line", from Mechelen to Liège and the Prussian border.[2]

View of the Guillemins district, with the first Liège-Guillemins railway station, c. 1845

In 1838, only three years after the first continental railway, a line linking Brussels and Ans, in the northern suburbs of Liège, was opened. With the arrival of the railway, Liège needed an interior station. In 1842, a wooden construction was erected on the site of the former convent of the Guillemites. This first Liège-Guillemins railway station was inaugurated in May 1842, linking the valley to the upper Ans station. The Guillemins site, located slightly outside the city centre, was chosen for technical reasons over the local preference for the Place Saint-Lambert. In 1843, the first international railway connection was born, linking Liège to Aachen and Cologne (Germany).[2]

Second and third stations (1863–2009)[edit]

The Belgian State, choosing to go against the city authorities who demanded the relocation of the station to the city centre, built a new station in 1863 to replace the original wooden one. Its massive structure and its large French-style fan-shaped canopy illuminating the waiting room were its pride. The architect A.P.J. Lambeau, principal engineer for the Ministry of Railways, was particularly inspired by the buildings of the Gare du Nord and Gare de l'Est stations in Paris. Lambeau is also the architect of the Charleroi-Sud and Namur stations, restored in the 2000s.

The station was modernised and improved in 1882 and in 1905 for the World's Fair in Liège. This Beaux-Arts station was replaced in 1958 by a much criticised "modern" International style building that was used until June 2009, a few months before the opening of the new Calatrava-designed station. The second station was completely demolished to allow the completion of the remaining sections of the new station.

New station[edit]

At the end of the 20th century, high-speed trains were introduced, requiring a new station since the existing platforms were too small. The new station, by the Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava, was officially opened on 18 September 2009, with a show by the stage director Franco Dragone. It has nine tracks and five platforms (three of 450 metres (1,480 ft) and two of 350 metres (1,150 ft)). All the tracks around the station have been modernised to allow high-speed arrival and departure.

The new station is made of steel, glass and white concrete. It includes a monumental arch, 160 metres (520 ft) long and 32 metres (105 ft) high. The building costs were €312 million.

Inside view of the new station designed by Santiago Calatrava, in 2013

Services[edit]

Liège-Guillemins station is served by InterCity (IC), Local (L), and Liège RER (S) trains connecting Liège with all major Belgian cities as well as several international destinations such as Aachen, Lille, and Maastricht. In addition to the national trains, Liège-Guillemins station welcomes Thalys and ICE trains, connecting Liège to Brussels, Paris, Aachen, Cologne and Frankfurt. Two new dedicated high-speed tracks were built: HSL 2 (Brussels - Liège) and HSL 3 (Liège - German border).

The station is served by the following services:[3]

  • High speed services (Thalys) Paris - Brussels - Liège - Aachen - Cologne - Düsseldorf - Essen - Dortmund
  • High speed services (ICE) Brussels - Liège - Aachen - Cologne - Frankfurt
  • Intercity services (IC-01) Ostend - Bruges - Gent - Brussels - Leuven - Liège - Welkenraedt - Eupen
  • Intercity services (IC-09) Antwerp - Lier - Aarschot - Hasselt - Liège (weekends)
  • Intercity services (IC-12) Kortrijk - Gent - Brussels - Leuven - Liège - Welkenraedt (weekdays)
  • Intercity services (IC-14) Quiévrain - Mons - Braine-le-Comte - Brussels - Leuven - Liège (weekdays)
  • Intercity services (IC-18) (Tournai -) Brussels - Namur - Liège (weekdays)
  • Intercity services (IC-25) Mons - Charleroi - Namur - Huy - Liège - Herstal (weekdays)
  • Intercity services (IC-25) Mouscron - Tournai - Mons - Charleroi - Namur - Liège - Liers (weekends)
  • Intercity services (IC-33) Liège - Gouvy - Troisvierges - Luxembourg (weekdays)
  • Intercity services (IC-33) Liers - Liège - Gouvy - Troisvierges - Luxembourg (weekends)
  • Local services (L-01) Namur - Huy - Liège
  • Local services (L-15) Liers - Liège - Rivage - Marloie
  • S services (S41) Liège - Pepinster - Verviers (weekdays)
  • S services (S41) Herstal - Liège - Pepinster - Verviers (weekends)
  • S services (S42) Liers - Liège - Seraing - Flémalle-Haute
  • S services (S43) Hasselt - Tongeren - Liège - Visé - Maastricht (weekdays)
  • S services (S43) Liège - Visé - Maastricht (weekends)
  • S services (S44) Liège - Ans - Waremme (weekdays)
  • S services (S44) Liège - Ans - Waremme - Landen (weekends)

Liège-Guillemins also sees various Peak (P) trains during the week.

The national trains to Brussels also use the high speed track at 200 km/h, while the Thalys and ICE can go up to 300 km/h (bringing Brussels at only 39' minutes from Liège).[4]

Road connections[edit]

Liège-Guillemins is also a transport hub for TEC Bus: more than 1620 buses, carrying 15,000 people, serve the station every day. It is one of the few railway stations in Europe directly connected to a motorway (E40-E25). The connection gives direct access to the 850-place parking structure, behind the station.[5] No cycling path connection exists between the station and the city.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (xls) SNCB Mobility. "Reizigerstellingen 2009" (in Dutch).
  2. ^ a b Ulysse Lamalle, Histoire des chemins de fer Belges (in French), Brussels, Office de Publicité, 1953, p. 20–22, 37–42.
  3. ^ "Download the timetable leaflets for IC trains | SNCB". www.belgiantrain.be. Retrieved 2021-04-01.
  4. ^ Emeric Massaut [@emassaut] (4 September 2012). "t.co/llDePao6" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  5. ^ "Liège Guillemins - P1 : Parking Gare". Retrieved 20 October 2012.

External links[edit]

Media related to Liège-Guillemins train station at Wikimedia Commons