In mathematics, more specifically in the study of dynamical systems and differential equations, a Liénard equation is a second order differential equation, named after the French physicist Alfred-Marie Liénard.
During the development of radio and vacuum tube technology, Liénard equations were intensely studied as they can be used to model oscillating circuits. Under certain additional assumptions Liénard's theorem guarantees the uniqueness and existence of a limit cycle for such a system.
is called the Liénard equation.
The equation can be transformed into an equivalent two-dimensional system of ordinary differential equations. We define
is called a Liénard system.
is a Liénard equation. The solution of Van der Pol oscillator has a limit cycle. Such cycle has a solution of a Liénard equation with negative at small and positive otherwise. Van der Pol equation hasn’t exact, analytic solution. Such solution for limit cycle exists if is constant piece-wise function.
- g(x) > 0 for all x > 0;
- F(x) has exactly one positive root at some value p, where F(x) < 0 for 0 < x < p and F(x) > 0 and monotonic for x > p.
- Liénard, A. (1928) "Etude des oscillations entretenues," Revue générale de l'électricité 23, pp. 901–912 and 946–954.
- Liénard equation at eqworld.
- Abel equation of the second kind at eqworld.
- Pilipenko A. M., and Biryukov V. N. “Investigation of Modern Numerical Analysis Methods of Self-Oscillatory Circuits Efficiency”, Journal of Radio Electronics, No 9, (2013).
- For a proof, see Perko, Lawrence (1991). Differential Equations and Dynamical Systems (Third ed.). New York: Springer. pp. 254–257. ISBN 0-387-97443-1.