Li Hongzhong

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Li Hongzhong
李鸿忠
Communist Party Secretary of Tianjin
Assumed office
September 2016
Deputy Wang Dongfeng (mayor)
General secretary Xi Jinping
Preceded by Huang Xingguo
Communist Party Secretary of Hubei
In office
December 2010 – September 2016
Deputy Wang Guosheng (governor)
General secretary Hu Jintao
Xi Jinping
Preceded by Luo Qingquan
Succeeded by Jiang Chaoliang
Governor of Hubei
In office
December 2007 – December 2010
Preceded by Luo Qingquan
Succeeded by Wang Guosheng
Personal details
Born August 1956 (age 61)
Shenyang, China
Political party Communist Party of China
Alma mater Jilin University

Li Hongzhong (Chinese: 鸿; born August 1956) is a Chinese politician, serving as Communist Party Secretary of Tianjin and a member of the 19th Politburo of the Communist Party of China. Born in Shenyang, Li spent much of his early career in Guangdong province, most notably as mayor, then party secretary of Shenzhen. He was transferred to Hubei province in 2007; he would go on to serve as Governor and party secretary there. During his term in Hubei, Li generated controversy after grabbing a recording pen from the hand of a journalist.

Biography[edit]

Li was born in Shenyang, but traces his ancestry to Changle County, Shandong province. During the Cultural Revolution, he performed manual labour as a sent-down youth in Sujiatun District, Shenyang, Liaoning Province. In 1978, he earned admission to the history department at Jilin University.[1] After he graduated, Li was sent to work at the government. He worked for the General Office of the Shenyang municipal government, then a secretary at the ministry of electronics industry. In 1988 he was sent to Guangdong province, where he would go on to spend two decades of his political career.[2] He successively served as the mayor and party chief of Huizhou City, then the vice governor of Guangdong, then in 2003, the acting mayor and mayor of Shenzhen, China's most prominent Special Economic Zone.[2]

In March 2005, he was named Communist Party chief of Shenzhen. In November 2007, he was transferred to Hubei province, where he took on the office of deputy party chief, governor, and then finally in December 2010, provincial party chief. During his Hubei governorship, the Shishou incident and Deng Yujiao incident occurred in the province.[3]

For some reason, during the elections for Vice-President at the 2013 National People's Congress, Li Hongzhong received one write-in vote. In preparation for the Third Plenum of the 18th Central Committee, Li Hongzhong was only one of two regional officials (the other was Huang Qifan) selected to be part of the drafting committee on the "resolution for deepening reform."[4] On June 1, 2015, the Dongfang Zhixing ferry sank, causing the deaths of some 442 people. Only 12 people were rescued; but the Hubei government granted accolades to some 99 organizations and 253 individuals.[5][6]

On January 15, 2016, at a meeting of the provincial party standing committee, Li endorsed the "Xi Jinping leadership core" principle, stating, "the Politburo and its Standing Committee are the core leaders [hexin] of the party, General Secretary Xi Jinping is the core leader of the party center. To proactively maintain the authority of the party center means maintaining the leading core of General Secretary Xi Jinping."[7]

In September 2016, Li was appointed the Communist Party Secretary of Tianjin, replacing Huang Xingguo, who was dismissed for corruption. The appointment meant that Li would likely advance one step further to the Politburo at the 19th Party Congress in 2017.[8]

Deng Yujiao incident[edit]

In March 2010, when Li Hongzhong, then Governor of Hubei, was attending the 11th National People's Congress in Beijing, Beijing Times journalist Liu Jie asked him to comment on the case of Deng Yujiao, a Hubei pedicurist who killed a government official who tried to rape her. Li refused to comment on the case, which was considered an embarrassment to the government of Hubei, and instead grabbed the recorder from her.[9] The incident was widely reported in Chinese media, but Li refused to apologize to Liu Jie, stating that she stuttered when he asked her which newspaper she represented, and that he was unsure about her identity.[9] A week later, at least 210 intellectuals and journalists, including dramatist Sha Yexin, scholars Cui Weiping and Hu Yong, and the prominent former People's Daily editor Zhou Ruijin, signed an open letter demanding Li to resign.[9]

The petition was ultimately unsuccessful, as Li Hongzhong was promoted to party chief (i.e. top office) of Hubei in December.[2] However, in the face of media scrutiny, Li made a statement suggesting that he was in favour of the media reporting the Shishou incident and the Deng Yujiao incident, as long as the news media conducted itself in a "fair and objective" manner.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Li Hongzhong". China Vitae. Retrieved 20 February 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c 李鸿忠简历 [Biography of Li Hongzhong] (in Chinese). Xinhua News Agency. Archived from the original on 9 February 2013. Retrieved 20 February 2013. 
  3. ^ 李鸿忠简历 [Biography of Li Hongzhong] (in Chinese). People's Daily. Retrieved 20 February 2013. 
  4. ^ "锁定政治局 李鸿忠"何德何能"?". Duowei. 2016-09-13. 
  5. ^ "湖北拟表彰352个"东方之星"救援先进集体和个人(附名单)". Guancha.cn. 2016-01-26. 
  6. ^ "湖北拟表彰352个救援东方之星客轮先进集体个人". Jingchuwang. January 26, 2016. 
  7. ^ "李鸿忠主持湖北省委常委会集体学习习近平总书记重要讲话精神". Hubei Daily. January 17, 2016. 
  8. ^ "Li Hongzhong appointed Tianjin Party chief". Xinhua. Retrieved 13 September 2016. 
  9. ^ a b c Kristine Kwok (14 March 2010). "Open letter demands governor step down". South China Morning Post. 
  10. ^ 中国新闻界上书弹劾李鸿忠 . BBC (in Chinese). 13 March 2010. 
Party political offices
Preceded by
Huang Xingguo
Communist Party Secretary of Tianjin
2016–present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Luo Qingquan
Communist Party Secretary of Hubei
2010–2016
Succeeded by
Jiang Chaoliang
Preceded by
Huang Liman
Communist Party Secretary of Shenzhen
2005–2007
Succeeded by
Liu Yupu
Political offices
Preceded by
Luo Qingquan
Governor of Hubei
2007–2010
Succeeded by
Wang Guosheng