|Born||February 4, 1952 (age 69)|
|Alma mater||Shanxi University|
University of Pittsburgh
|Occupation||Sociologist, Sexologist, Activist|
Li Yinhe (simplified Chinese: 李银河; traditional Chinese: 李銀河; pinyin: Lǐ Yínhé; née Li Sanfan; born February 4, 1952) is a sociologist, sexologist, and activist for LGBT rights in the People's Republic of China. Her main academic interests have been sexual norms in contemporary China, homosexuality, diverse sexual behaviors including sadomasochism, and women's studies.
Early life and education
Li Yinhe was born in Beijing. Her name was changed from Li Sanfan to Li Yinhe at the age of seven. Her father, Chen Erdong was the director of the department of theories at People's Daily, and her mother was an editor. Li has two elder sisters and one elder brother. Li and her brother adopted matrilineal surname as a realization of her parents' gender equality idea.
From 1974 to 1977, Li attended Shanxi University, where she studied history. From 1982 to 1998, she lived in the United States of America and obtained a Ph.D. in sociology from the University of Pittsburgh.
After graduating from Shanxi University, Li worked as an editor at Guangming Daily. One year later, in 1978, Li was assigned a research position at the State Council Research Office, where she gained national fame by publishing the article "To substantially promote democracy, to substantially promote the rule of law" with Lin Chunhe. In 1979, Li joined the newly-founded Institute of Marxism–Leninism at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, where she researched marriage and family issues. After obtaining a doctorate degree from the University of Pittsburgh and returning to China, Li worked as a post-doctoral fellow under the acclaimed sociologist Fei Xiaotong, then as an instructor at Peking University. In 1992, she joined the Institute of Sociology at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences as a researcher, and later became director of the Research Office of Family and Sexuality. She worked there until her retirement in 2012.
In the 1990s, as part of her research on homosexuality, Li began to translate many important texts focused on queer theory. This included the works of Judith Butler, Steven Epstein, Gayle Rubin, and Steven Seidman, among many others.
Li has been active in calling for greater tolerance for nonconventional sexual activities in China. She argues the country is undergoing a de facto sexual revolution, and encourages people to re-examine traditional attitudes towards sexual promiscuity and homosexuality. She proposes decriminalization of orgies and prostitution (both currently illegal in China). She also believes that monogamy is a personal decision made between a couple, and should not be enforced by law or social pressure.
Abolishing outdated criminal laws in China
In 2010 and 2011, Li pointed out on her blog that three criminal laws are outdated - the laws have not adapted to drastic change in public opinion. Li argued that the force of these laws is waning as there are fewer and fewer people being punished for these offenses and the punishments are becoming less severe. Li called on legislators to legalize pornography, abolish the group licentiousness law (which provides up to five years in prison for consenting adults who have sex with more than one other person), and decriminalize prostitution.
Same-sex marriage legislation
In 2000, Li proposed adding same-sex marriage to the law when the National People's Congress prepared to revise the marriage law and sought suggestions from sociologists and legal experts. Li's argument was dismissed and a law expert stated that "China doesn't need to take the lead in this matter."
In 2001, Li asked a deputy to the National People's Congress (NPC) to submit her proposal. However, the proposal was not submitted as she was unable to find 30 other deputies willing to put their names on the document so that it fulfilled the requirements for a proposal on amendments to current laws.
Since 2002, Li has continued asking members of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) to submit her proposal.
Li was married to Wang Xiaobo, a well-known Chinese novelist, until his death in 1997. Li went to the US alone in 1982, but Wang joined her in 1984 on a scholarship in East Asia Studies. Li announced in December 2014 that she had been in a long-term relationship with a transgender man, Zhang Hongxia (b. 1965), for 15 years.
Selected works and publications
- 《中国人的性爱与婚姻》(Sexuality and Marriage in China), Henan People's Press, 1991.
- 《他们的世界——中国男同性恋群落透视》(Their World: a Study of Homosexuality in China), co-authored, Cosmos Press, Hong Kong, 1992; Shanxi People's Press, 1993.
- 《生育与中国村落文化》(Procreation and Chinese Village Culture), Oxford University Press, Hong Kong, 1993; Chinese Social Science Press, 1994
- 《性社会学》(Human Sexuality), translated, Henan People's Press, 1994.
- 《中国婚姻家庭及其变迁》(Changing Chinese Marriage and the Family), Heilongjiang People's Press, 1995.
- 《中国女性的性与爱》(Sexuality and Love of Chinese Women), Oxford University Press, Hong Kong, 1996.
- 《女性权力的崛起》(Rising Power of the Women), Chinese Social Science Press, 1997.
- 《中国女性的感情与性》(Sexuality and Love of Chinese Women),China Today Press, 1998.
- 《同性恋亚文化》(Subculture of Homosexuality),China Today Press, 1998.
- 《虐恋亚文化》(Subculture of Sadomasochism),China Today Press, 1998.
- 《婚姻法修改论争》(The Argument of the Change for the Marriage Law), Guangming Press, 1999
- 《性的问题》(Sex Problem), Chinese Junior Press, 1999
- 《性·婚姻---东方与西方》 (Sex·Marriage - Western and Eastern), Shanxi Normal University Press, 1999
- 《女性主义》(Feminism), Taiwan Wunan Press, 2003
- 《性文化研究报告》(Sex Study Report), Jiangsu People Press, 2003
- 《女性的感情与性》(Women's Emotion and Sex), 2003
- Li, Yinhe (2015). Ren jian cai mi ji: Li Yinhe zi zhuan. China: Jiangxi ren min chu ban she. ISBN 9787210075745.
- "Li Yinhe 李银河 | The China Story". www.thechinastory.org. Retrieved 2018-05-24.
- "社科院社会学所李银河研究员简介". www.china.com.cn. Retrieved 2018-05-24.
- Tellis, Ashley (2015). "Of Comrades and Cool Kids: Queer Women's Activism in China (Thamyris/Intersecting No. 30)". In Tellis, Ashley; Bala, Sruti (eds.). The Global Trajectories of Queerness: Re-Thinking Same-Sex Politics in the Global South. Leiden, Netherlands; Boston, Massachusetts: Brill Rodopi. pp. 137–144. ISBN 978-9-004-30933-3. OCLC 924636601.
- "A sexual revolution silently going on in China". www.chinadaily.com.cn. Retrieved 2018-05-27.
- Chinese sociologist Lі Yіnhe on rural problems
- Icenhower, Alexandria (April 9, 2015). "What China's sexual revolution means for women". Brookings. Retrieved 2018-05-25.
- "建议取消淫秽品罪_李银河_新浪博客". blog.sina.com.cn. Retrieved 2018-05-25.
- "建议取消聚众淫乱罪_李银河_新浪博客". blog.sina.com.cn. Retrieved 2018-05-25.
- "卖淫非罪化加禁止公务员嫖娼是最佳政策选择_李银河_新浪博客". blog.sina.com.cn. Retrieved 2018-05-25.
- Jacobs, Andrew (6 March 2015). "Sex Expert's Secret Is Out, and China's Open to It". New York Times. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
- 李银河 (18 December 2014). "对所谓拉拉身份曝光的回应". 李银河的博客 (in Chinese). Retrieved 12 March 2016.