|Born||1964 (age 51–52)
Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, England
|Known for||Conceptual art, installation art|
|Movement||Young British Artists
Liam Gillick (born 1964) is an English conceptual artist who lives in New York City. He is often associated with the artists included in the 1996 exhibition Traffic, which first introduced the term Relational Art.
Life and career
Liam Gillick graduated from Goldsmiths College in 1987 with a degree in fine art. In 1989 he mounted his first solo gallery exhibition, 84 Diagrams, through Karsten Schubert in London. Gillick has exhibited in galleries and institutions in Europe and the United States, many of which have been collaborative projects with other artists, architects, designers and writers. In 1991, together with art collector, and co-publisher of Art Monthly, Jack Wendler, Gillick founded the limited editions and publishing company G-W Press. The company produced limited editions by artists including Jeremy Deller and Anya Gallaccio.
In the early 1990s Gillick was a member of the band Soho and is credited with providing samples during their live performances.
In 2002, Gillick was selected to produce artworks for the canopy, the glass facade, the kiosks, the entrance ikon, and the vitrines, of the then-recently completed Home Office building, a United Kingdom government department, at Marsham Street, London. In 2002, Gillick was nominated for the annual British Turner Prize. In the Winter 2006 edition of October (No. 115) Gillick's response to Claire Bishop's October article "Antagonism and Relational Aesthetics," was published as "Contingent Factors: A Response to Claire Bishop's 'Antagonism and Relational Aesthetics'." Gillick has also contributed written articles to fine art journals Frieze and Artforum.
On 1 October 2010, in an open letter to the British Government's culture secretary Jeremy Hunt—co-signed by a further 27 previous Turner Prize nominees, and 19 winners—Gillick opposed any future cuts in public funding for the arts. In the letter the cosignatories described the arts in Britain as a "remarkable and fertile landscape of culture and creativity."
In October 2010, Gillick contributed a recipe for a vodka and lime juice-based cocktail as his participation in the Ryan Gander art project "Ryan's Bar". The beverage titled "Maybe it would be better if we worked in groups of two and a half," was sold for £50 per serving. In 2010, Gillick composed a score of "zingy electronica" for the artists' film Beijing, made by his ex wife Sarah Morris.
Together with others including Ingrid Schaffner and Tirdad Zolghadr, Gillick is one of the Graduate Committee of the Center for Curatorial Studies and Art in Contemporary Culture at Bard College, Annandale-on-Hudson, New York. He has been on the faculty of Columbia University School of the Arts in New York City since 1997. Gillick is represented in the UK by Maureen Paley, in New York by Casey Kaplan, and in Ireland by Kerlin Gallery.
Gillick's artistic output is characterized by diversity. As Caoimhin Mac Giolla Leith of University College Dublin has said,
"Gillick's practice to date has encompassed a wide range of media and activities (including sculpture, writing, architectural and graphic design, film, and music) as well as various critical and curatorial projects, his work as a whole is also marked by a fondness for diversions and distractions, tangents and evasions."
The focus of Gillick' practice is evaluations of the aesthetics of social systems with a focus on modes of production rather than consumption. He is interested in forms of social organization. Through his own writings and the use of specific materials in his artworks, Gillick examines how the built world carries traces of social, political and economic systems. As art critic Ina Blom has said,
"Artists such as Liam Gillick ... no longer address abstraction as the principle for the creation of distinct minimalist objects, but rather try to create through design spaces for open social interaction [artworks] whose actual use is to be constantly redefined within the situation of the exhibition - without necessarily producing relational-aesthetic models of community."
Central to Gillick's practice are the publications that function in parallel to his artworks. An anthology of these "Allbooks" was published by Book Works, in 2009.
Documents Series with Henry Bond
Between 1990 and 1994, Gillick collaborated with artist Henry Bond on their Documents Series, a group of 83 fine art works which appropriated the modus operandi of a news gathering team, in order to produce relational art. In order to make the work, the duo posed as a news reporting team—i.e., a photographer and a journalist—often attending events scheduled in the Press Association's Gazette—a list of potentially newsworthy events in London. Bond worked as if a typical photojournalist, joining the other press photographers present; whilst Gillick operated as the journalist, first collecting the ubiquitous press kit before preparing his audio recording device. The series was first shown commercially in 1991, at Karsten Schubert Limited and then, in 1992, at Maureen Paley's Interim Art —two of the galleries that were pioneers in the development of the YBA art movement. The series was subsequently exhibited at Tate Modern in the show Century City held in 2001, and at the Hayward Gallery in the exhibition How to Improve the World, in 2006.
Underground (Fragments of Future Histories), Bruxelles, produced and published in 2004 by Editions Micheline Szwajcer & Michèle Didier. Special limited edition of 50 numbered and signed copies, each one covered with a unique jacket made by the artist. Voir mfc-michèle didier
Solo exhibitions include The Wood Way at Whitechapel Gallery in London 2002, A short text on the possibility of creating an economy of equivalence at Palais de Tokyo in Paris 2005, and the retrospective project Liam Gillick: Three perspectives and a short scenario 2008-2010. Liam Gillick: Three perspectives and a short scenario was created through the collaboration of four international art museums: the Kunsthalle Zürich, the Witte de With in Rotterdam, Kunstverein München, and the Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago. The U.S. presentation of the exhibition was the most comprehensive of Gillick's work in an American museum. Accompanying his solo exhibition at the MCA was the show The one hundred and sixty-third floor: Liam Gillick Curates the Collection, curated by Gillick from the MCA collection.
Personal life and family
Gillick is cousin to British artists James Gillick and Theodore Gillick. He was married to fellow artist Sarah Morris, in 1998 at a ceremony in Miami. They divorced in 2012. Family relatives include the sculptor Ernest Gillick, the medallionist Mary Gillick, and the pro-life activist Victoria Gillick.
- Tous, "Liam Gillick takes a cat to the Germany Pavilion," Calgary Herald, 31 July 2010.
- "MIT Press Journals". MIT Press Journals. 1970-01-01. Retrieved 2014-01-22.
- Frieze Magazine, Issue 28 1996, "Traffic"
- Unattributed, "Liam Gillick and Carsten Holler," Fondazione Antonio Ratti, retrieved 6 October 2010.
- Archer, Michael (2006). "Overlapping Figures" in How To Improve the World: 60 Years of British Art, London: Hayward Gallery, p. 50, i.e., "Then later still there is the generation of Damien Hirst, Sarah Lucas, Angela Bulloch, Henry Bond and Liam Gillick, the earliest of the yBas (young British artists)."
- Government Art Collection minutes/2002 Archived 2 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
- Peter Walker, "Turner prize winners lead protest against arts cutbacks," The Guardian, 1 October 2010.
- Spoonfed Arts Team, "Artists to make £50 cocktails at SUNDAY Art Fair," Spoonfed, accessed 10 October 2010.
- "The Interview: Sarah Morris". Net A Porter. Net A Porter. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
- Skye Sherwin, "Artist Sarah Morris's latest film Beijing," Wallpaper, accessed, 20 November 2010
- "Bard: The Graduate Program". Bard.edu. Retrieved 2014-01-22.
- "Dr Caoimhin Mac Giola Leith, "Liam Gillick, Whitechapel Art Gallery," Artforum, October 2002". Findarticles.com. Retrieved 2014-01-22.
- "Gabriel Tarde – Underground (Fragments of Future Histories)". Lespressesdureel.com. Retrieved 2014-01-22.
- "MoMA". MoMA. Retrieved 2014-01-22.
- Blom, Ina, "THE LOGIC OF THE TRAILER: Abstraction, Style, and Sociality in Contemporary Art", Texte Zur Kunst, March 2008, Issue 69, pp. 171-77
- Henry Bond & Liam Gillick, "Press Kitsch," Flash Art International, Issue 165, July/August 1992, p. 65-66.
- Karsten Schubert (ed) Henry Bond and Liam Gillick: Documents (London: Karsten Schbert Limited, 1991.)
- Maureen Paley (ed.) On: Henry Bond, Angela Bulloch, Liam Gillick, Graham Gussin, Markus Hansen (London and Plymouth: Interim Art/Plymouth Arts Centre, 1992); also see Interim Art timeline
- Emma Dexter, "London 1990-2001." In Iwona Blazwick (ed.) Century City: Art and Culture in the Modern Metropolis (London: Tate, 2001), p. 84. Snippet view available on Google books.
- "Century City - Tate". Tate.org.uk. Retrieved 7 August 2014.
- "MCA Chicago Shows Liam Gillick: Three Perspectives and a Short Scenario". Artdaily. 12 October 2009. Retrieved 9 June 2011.
- Kelly Reaves (6 October 2009). "Liam Gillick's Three Perspectives and a Short Scenario at the MCA". Gapers Block. Retrieved 9 June 2011.
- Anthony E. Elms (2010). "You Couldn't Describe the Gaps as Windows. Liam Gillick Visits Chicago". Art Papers. Retrieved 9 June 2011.
- "Louisa Buck, "Miami Through the Artist's Eye and Tastebuds," The Art Newspaper, 1 December, 2004, p.6" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-01-22.
- "The Interview: Sarah Morris". Net A Porter. Net A Porter. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
- Liam Gillick, Proxemics: Selected writing 1988-2006 (JRP Ringier, 2007).
- Lilian Haberer, Liam Gillick: Factories in the Snow (JRP-Ringier, 2007).
- Monika Szewczyk (ed.) Meaning Liam Gillick (MIT Press, 2009).
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