Liam MacCarthy Cup
The Liam MacCarthy Cup (commonly referred to – and incorrectly spelled – as the Liam McCarthy Cup) is a trophy awarded annually by the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) to the team that wins the All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship, the main competition in the prehistoric sport of hurling. Based on the design of a medieval drinking vessel, the trophy was first awarded in 1923 to the winners of the (delayed) 1921 All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship Final. The original 1920s trophy was retired in the 1990s, with a new identical trophy awarded annually since 1992. The original trophy is on permanent display in the GAA Museum at Croke Park in Dublin.
The GAA organises the series of games, which are played during the summer months. The All-Ireland Hurling Final was traditionally played on the first or second Sunday in September at Croke Park in Dublin. In 2018, the GAA rescheduled its calendar and since then the fixture has been played in August.
The original Liam MacCarthy Cup commemorates the memory of Liam MacCarthy. Born in London to Irish parents in 1853, he was prominently involved in the establishment of a GAA county board in London in the 1890s. In 1922, a trophy in his honour was presented to the Central Council of the GAA, and replaced the Great Southern Cup as the All-Ireland trophy.
The Liam MacCarthy Cup's design is based on a medieval drinking vessel called a mether. It was first presented in 1923 - to the Limerick team which defeated Dublin in the 1921 All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship Final (owing to the political situation in Ireland at the time, the 1921 final was not actually played until March 1923. Hence, though not first presented until 1923, the 1921 All-Ireland hurling champions are noted as first recipients of the Liam MacCarthy Cup.)
Cork won the old trophy on the most occasions. They also were the only team to win it on four consecutive occasions, achieving the feat during the 1940s (1941, 1942, 1943, 1944). Jack Lynch, who went on to become his nation's Head of Government, played in all four of these finals and captained the team in the first of them.
In addition, Cork twice won the old trophy on three consecutive occasions, in the 1950s (1952, 1953, 1954) and in the 1970s (1976, 1977, 1978). They also won it on two consecutive occasions in the late-1920s (1928, 1929).
Tipperary won the old trophy on three consecutive occasions (1949, 1950, 1951), as well as twice on two consecutive occasions in the 1960s (1961, 1962 & 1964, 1965).
Kilkenny thrice won the old trophy on two consecutive occasions in the early-1930s (1932, 1933), mid-1970s (1974, 1975) and early-1980s (1982, 1983).
1992 brought the retirement of the original Liam MacCarthy Cup. It is permanently on display in the GAA Museum at Croke Park.
The GAA commissioned a replica from silversmith James M. Kelly. Tipperary were the last team to claim the original. In 1992, an exact replica was produced and has been awarded on an annual basis since then.[contradictory] Kilkenny were the first team to win the "new" MacCarthy Cup.[contradictory] Kilkenny are also the team to have won the new trophy on the most occasions and the only team to have won it four consecutive times (2006, 2007, 2008, 2009). They had previously won it on consecutive occasions (2002, 2003). Cork are the only other team to have won the new trophy on consecutive occasions (2004, 2005).
All-Ireland winners are permitted to keep the trophy for a period of one year until the following year's All-Ireland final. All-Ireland-winning captains receive a model replica of the Liam MacCarthy Cup. The trophy is currently held by Tipperary, who overcame Kilkenny in the final held on 18 August 2019, to win the Liam McCarthy Cup.
In 2010, the GAA asked the same silversmith to produce another replica of the trophy (the third Liam MacCarthy Cup), although this was to be used only for marketing purposes.
The Liam MacCarthy Cup is the trophy awarded to the victors in Tier 1 of the All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship. Twelve teams are eligible for this trophy; the five from the Leinster Senior Hurling Championship and the five from the Munster Senior Hurling Championship, as well as two teams invited from the Tier 2 Joe McDonagh Cup (the winner of the Joe McDonagh Cup in turn replaces Tier 1's bottom team via a system of promotion and relegation). In 2019 the twelve teams to participate are as follows:
- See All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship for a list of all-time winners of the competition.
- Cork – 1926, 1928, 1929, 1931, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1946, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1966, 1970, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1984, 1986, 1990
- Kilkenny – 1922, 1932, 1933, 1935, 1939, 1947, 1957, 1963, 1967, 1969, 1972, 1974, 1975, 1979, 1982, 1983
- Tipperary – 1925, 1930, 1937, 1945, 1949, 1950, 1951, 1958, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1971, 1989, 1991
- Limerick – 1921, 1934, 1936, 1940, 1973
- Galway – 1923, 1980, 1987, 1988
- Wexford – 1955, 1956, 1960, 1968
- Dublin – 1924, 1927, 1938
- Waterford – 1948, 1959
- Offaly – 1981, 1985
- Kilkenny – 1992, 1993, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2014, 2015
- Clare – 1995, 1997, 2013
- Cork – 1999, 2004, 2005
- Tipperary – 2001, 2010, 2016, 2019
- Offaly – 1994, 1998
- Wexford – 1996
- Galway – 2017
- Limerick – 2018
- List of All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship finals
- List of All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship winning captains
- Sam Maguire Cup
- "GAA Museum - Exhibitions". Crokepark.ie. Retrieved 29 October 2016.
The museum is home to [...] the Sam Maguire & Liam MacCarthy Cups [.. and ..] The original trophies now reside permanently in The GAA Museum
- Department of Arts Sport and Tourism (Ireland) Speech by Minister at the official opening of the Liam MacCarthy Exhibition Archived 2011-06-14 at the Wayback Machine
- Ballygarvan GAA. "The Story of Liam MacCarthy".
- Wakeman, William F. (William Frederick), 1822-1900; Cooke, John, M. A. "Wakeman's handbook of Irish antiquities".CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
- O'Connor, Colm (19 August 2010). "All-Ireland replica trophies nearly ready". Irish Examiner. Retrieved 2 December 2012.
- "Defined by design". Kilkenny People. 16 April 2008. Archived from the original on 1 April 2012.
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