Liang Heng was born in Changsha, Hunan Province. He led a difficult life as a child, dealing with hardships of the Cultural Revolution, Party Bureaucracy, and poverty. In 1983, Son of the Revolution, his account of his experiences growing up in communist China during the turmoil of the Cultural Revolution, written with his wife Judith Shapiro, was published.
He was the sole son born to a reporter and a police bureaucrat. At first he and his two elder sisters were assured a place in China's communist system - their parents were well placed, and all were fervent believers in Mao Zedong, also known as Mao Tse-Tung. The Liangs' fortunes turned during the Hundred Flowers Campaign. At the outset of the campaign, loyal communists were encouraged to find faults in the existing regime, in an effort to purify communism. Unfortunately for those involved, the campaign was quickly replaced with an "anti-rightist" campaign leading in an opposite direction of the Hundred Flowers Campaign. This new campaign targeted as enemies many who had criticized the party in compliance with the Hundred Flowers Campaign - a group that included Liang Heng's mother, who was banished from her lofty position and sent to a re-education camp. Liang Heng's father reluctantly separated from his now disgraced wife in order to spare his family the "black mark" of having a "rightist" mother. The effort proved wasted, as the family bore the brunt of the nation's growing revolutionary fervor. Liang Heng's father was labeled a counter-revolutionary intellectual, and he himself a "stinking intellectual's son".
Despite the family's hope to stay together, the Cultural Revolution saw them banished to distant corners of China. Heng stayed with his father, who remained a stalwart believer in Mao, even as they (and many like them) were forced to leave their privileged lives as city dwellers to become country peasants. Eventually, the fervor of the cultural revolution lead to outright warfare fought by competing cadres using weapons they didn't understand.
Eventually, the fighting came to an end, leaving the Chinese in an uneasy peace. Rather than revolutionary zeal, an older Liang Heng found a new danger in China's bribery economy. He became a factory worker and then a star basketball player. When China signaled that it would reopen schools, Liang Heng jumped at the chance for a university education.
During his studies at the Hunan Teachers' College in Changsha he met Judith Shapiro, an American teacher. In 1980, they married. Liang Heng emigrated with his wife to the United States in the early 1980s.
He and his wife Judith Shapiro also co-authored After the Nightmare (Knopf, 1987) and Cold Winds, Warm Winds (Wesleyan University Press 1987).
In 1991 the Philadelphia Inquirer reported that Liang and Shapiro had divorced. 
- Wakeman, Carolyn. THE LITTLE RED BOOK AND THE BOTTOM LINE. The New York Times. June 22, 1986.