Lianga, Surigao del Sur

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Municipality of Lianga
Kansilad Beach Resort in Lianga
Kansilad Beach Resort in Lianga
  • Magkono Capital of Surigao
  • Heart of Surigao del Sur
  • Seafood Capital of Surigao del Sur
Map of Surigao del Sur with Lianga highlighted
Map of Surigao del Sur with Lianga highlighted
Lianga is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 8°38′N 126°06′E / 8.63°N 126.1°E / 8.63; 126.1Coordinates: 8°38′N 126°06′E / 8.63°N 126.1°E / 8.63; 126.1
Country  Philippines
Region Caraga (Region XIII)
Province Surigao del Sur
District 1st District
Founded October 17, 1919
Barangays 13 (see Barangays)
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Kid Pedrozo
 • Electorate 19,787 voters (2016)
 • Total 161.12 km2 (62.21 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 29,493
 • Density 180/km2 (470/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 8307
PSGC 166811000
IDD:area code +63 (0)86
Climate type tropical rainforest climate
Income class 4th municipal income class

Lianga, officially the Municipality of Lianga, is a 4th class municipality in the province of Surigao del Sur, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 29,493 people.[3]

Etymology and Legends[edit]

About a couple of centuries ago, along the bountiful bay facing the bluish sea of the Pacific Ocean was a place like those in fairy tales. the white beaches were traversed by two rivers, one in the south and the other in the north. A little distance from the shoreline, the landscape started to the rise until it reached its peak at the west which is one of the ranges of the enchanted Mount Diwata. The place was thickly forested, blanketed with big trees, varieties of wild flowers aerial plants and vines. On the ground, wild animals of different species roam around the area. White colorful birds and other winged creatures flit from tree to tree. Nature's Music like chirping of birds, humming of bees and other wood land insects intermingling with the sound of roaring waves could be heard from the distance. This truly translates the feeling of being born free with nature. the place was breathtaking to behold. Indeed, it was Paradise where nature remained undisturbed.

Then men settled along the cove near river in the south. It was said that these early inhabitants were the Manobos who were ruled by a Chieftain (Datu). Their clothes were made of woven abaca fiber and adorned themselves with multi-colored beads. Land and water resources were abundant, hence they love to hunt in the forest, gather shells along the shores and fish in the rivers. there was peace and harmony among the early inhabitants. They were happy and contended. Later however, as their tribes increased their descendants thought of moving to surrounding areas, so there was rivalry as to who will own choice pieces of land. Whenever disputes overland ownership and quarrel among themselves occurred, it was settled in a duel alongside the river in the North. Whoever won was proclaimed a "Daugan" o "Mananaog" by the Chieftain (Datu). The place became popular, hence the river was named Pananag-an.

People going to the other side of the river have to wade across it slowly as the current was swift, it always took them such time to reach the other side of the river and they often say to themselves "Langan Pagtabok" of "Malangan Kita" (It delays to cross or we will be delayed). One day, as the old folks claimed, a foreigner passed by the place. After having crossed the river, he asked the people the name of the place. Thinking that the stranger was asking what they were doing, they answered "Langan pagtabok". The foreigner heard "Langan" and thought it was the name of the place, then people started calling the whole settlement "Langan". Later, with he influence of the Spanish "Li" alphabet, Langan was pronounced "Liangan". As generations passed, the final "N" in Llangan was dropped and the "Ll" sound was changed to "Li", hence says that is how Lianga got its name.[4]


Lianga is one of the oldest towns of the province of Surigao del Sur by virtue of Executive Order No. 27 on October 17, 1919. The municipality of Lianga is centrally located in the province of Surigao del Sur. It is situated along the Lianga Bay facing the Pacific Ocean and cradled by its shorelines and the Diwata Mountains. Its latitude is 30 and longitude is within 12635 and is bounded on the North by Municipality of San Agustin, on the South by the Municipality of Barobo, on the West by province of Agusan del Sur and the East lies the Pacific Ocean. It is 90.0 kilometers to the south of Tandag City, the Capital of the Province, 237 kilometers from the City of Davao, 121 kilometers from the Butuan City and 16 kilometers from Prosperidad, the Capital Town of Agusan del Sur (via Lianga–Los Arcos Road).

In the history of CARAGA Region, Lianga was part of the encomienda way back in 1655 under the command of Sergeant Martin Sanchez dela Cuesta. this encomienda covered Palaso (Cantilan). Tandag as its capital, Tago, Marihatag and Lianga. From 1904 to 1936, the Head of the Town was called President, per record obtained, the first elected President of Lianga was Cornelio Layno, whose two-year term covered the period from 1904 to 1906. The first elected Mayor was Otilio Navarro who served from 1937 to 1940. From then on, there were seven (7) elected Mayors of Lianga from 1941 up to the present. Within these periods, two became Mayors by succession, another two by appointment.

Almost half a century ago, the territorial land area of Lianga was vast, considering the fact that the present municipalities of San Agustin, Marihatag and Barobo were once a part of Lianga. The births of these three municipalities were the results of political subdivisions authored by the political leaders of the undivided Surigao. San Agustin formerly called (Oteiza) was the first daughter municipality of Lianga created under Executive Order No. 445 in 1951, during the Presidency of then Elpidio Quirino. The Governor of Surigao that time was late Vicente L. Pimentel. Four years later, the Municipality of Marihatag was created under Republic Act No. 1261 on June 10, 1955. As the population of Lianga increased, it was not spared from further political subdivision. The Electorate in the southern barrios of Lianga moved for the creation of another municipality, called the Municipality of Barobo as the seat of the Municipal government. The creation of the Municipality of Barobo was made through Executive Order no. 407 and 2786 on October 24, 1960. Of the three municipalities created from the municipality of Lianga, Marihatag has the largest land area. It is sad to note that among these four municipalities formerly referred to as the "BLOM" Area (for Barobo, Lianga, Oteiza, and Marihatag) Lianga, the mother municipality has the smallest land area with only 15,000 hectares.

Significant development in Lianga has been noted since 1960 with the creation of Surigao del Sur as a Province (Republic Act 2786). It was more evident in the 70's to 80's when the coastal barangay of Diatagon [Jiatagon] became the hub of socio–economic activities with the Lianga Bay Logging Company Incorporated [LBLCI] which was a rich source of income. The town of Lianga, too that time started to gain a breakthrough not only in the infrastructure projects such as roads and government buildings but also in income derived from taxes especially from forest products utilized by the wood processing plant of LBLCI. Barangay Saint Christine has become the minor urban center and Lianga was classified as the influence center of the satellite municipalities of San Agustin, Marihatag, and Barobo.

Lianga is relatively urbanized area where 13,830 or 55.30% of the total population live in three urban centers of Barangays Poblacion, Saint Christine, and Diatagon [Jiatagon] and 11,175 or 44.70% lives in the remaining rural barangay with a municipal population density equivalent to 98.70% person/km2. The economic situation in the municipality poses great challenges to its leader and people. Its economy remains predominantly agricultural. It is gifted by its geographic location but is not adequately blessed by nature with substantial endowment necessary to propel itself into a developing economy. The major crop is Coconut, covering an area of 4,236 hectares. Rice ranks second with an area of 1,890 hectares. Other crops are Corn, Banana, and Abaca. The Poblacion and Barangay Diatagon [Jiatagon] are the trading centers with most of the commodities coming from Davao, Butuan, and Surigao. The poor road condition limits the economic activities in the area.[4]


Inatu Festival – "Inatu" is from the kamayo language means "our very own". Celebrated every January.


  • Surigao Del Sur State University-Lianga Campus
  • Lianga National Comprehensive High School
  • St. Christine National High School (Fishery)
  • Anibongan National High School
  • Davisol National High School
  • Diatagon Catholic High School (Private) and 19 Elementary Schools including Our Lady of Pompei School (Private)

Lumad Schools[edit]

Community schools built by Lumad tribe themselves. These schools are built due to the neglect of the government in providing education to the indigenous peoples.

  • Alternative Learning Center for Agricultural and Livelihood Development (ALCADEV) Inc.
  • Tribal Filipino Program of Surigao del Sur (TRIFPSS) Inc.

Tourist Attractions[edit]

  • Bao-bao Falls- Brgy. Diatagon
  • Puro or Lianga Lighthouse- Brgy. Poblacion
  • Tagago Beach- Brgy. Poblacion
  • Kansilad Beach- Brgy. Ganayon
  • Lawis Beach- Brgy. Banahao
  • Coastway Beach- Brgy. St. Christine
  • Mahogany Road- Brgy. Diatagon
  • Little Nest or Tagaytay- Brgy. San Pedro
  • Pocto Cave- Brgy. Manyayay
  • Pamutuanan Cave- Brgy. Liatimco
  • Gran Ola Eco Surf Camp- Brgy. Banahao (Lawis)
  • Baugo Seaside Resort- Brgy. Baucawe
  • Busay Falls- Brgy. Payasan
  • Ancestral Houses- Brgy. Poblacion
  • Baywalk- Brgy. Poblacion
  • Big Times Beach Resort- Brgy. Poblacion
  • Davisol Mountain Trekking- Brgy. Manyayay

And many many more.


Pugad Beach Resort

Lianga is politically subdivided into 13 barangays.

  • Anibongan
  • Ban-as
  • Banahao
  • Baucawe
  • Diatagon [Jiatagon] (also has a large public market)
  • Ganayon
  • Liatimco
  • Manyayay [which also contains Exemeria]
  • Payasan
  • Poblacion
  • Saint Christine
  • San Isidro
  • San Pedro


Population census of Lianga
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1903 5,471 —    
1918 8,789 +3.21%
1939 15,770 +2.82%
1948 15,872 +0.07%
1960 17,182 +0.66%
1970 18,742 +0.87%
1975 19,897 +1.21%
1980 22,981 +2.92%
1990 24,908 +0.81%
1995 25,005 +0.07%
2000 25,014 +0.01%
2007 27,006 +1.06%
2010 28,905 +2.50%
2015 29,493 +0.38%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][5][6][7]


  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  2. ^ "Province: Surigao del Sur". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Caraga". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ a b Souvenir Program Great Jubilee Year Celebration 2000
  5. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Caraga". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  6. ^ Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007). "Caraga". Total Population by Province, City and Municipality. NSO. Archived from the original on 11 November 2011. 
  7. ^ "Province of Surigao del Sur". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 

External links[edit]