View of seaside area in Xilian Island
Lianyungang is highlighted on this map
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Type||Prefecture-level city|
|• CPC secretary||Yang Xingshi (杨省世)|
|• Mayor||Xiang Xuelong (项雪龙)|
|• Prefecture-level city||7,444 km2 (2,874 sq mi)|
|• Urban||880 km2 (340 sq mi)|
|• Prefecture-level city||4,822,300|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|GDP||¥94.1 billion (2009)|
|GDP per capita||¥21,144 (2009)|
"Lianyungang" in Simplified (top) and Traditional (bottom) Chinese
|Literal meaning||the port connected to the clouds|
Lianyungang (simplified Chinese: 连云港; traditional Chinese: 連雲港; pinyin: Liányúngǎng) is a prefecture-level city in northeastern Jiangsu province, China. It borders Yancheng to its southeast, Huai'an and Suqian to its south, Xuzhou to its southwest, and the province of Shandong to its north. Its name derives from Lian Island (formally Dongxilian Island) the largest island in Jiangsu Province which lies off its coastline, and Yuntai Mountain (Jiangsu), the highest peak in Jiangsu Province, a few miles from its town center, and the fact that it is a port.
Lianyungang (as Yuntai Mountain) was known in the West as Haichow (Wade–Giles romanization). This was one of the four original ports opened up for foreign trade in the 1680s by the Qing Dynasty Government. The others were Ningbo, Xiamen and Guangzhou.
Lianyungang is situated between 118°24' and 119°48' east longitude and 34°11' and 35°07' north latitude. Lianyungang covers an area of 7,777 km2 (3,003 sq mi).
The temperature in Lianyungang can reach average highs of 30 °C in the summer and drop to as low as -4 °C in the winter. The vast majority of precipitation occurs between June and August, where it can measure up to 278mm of rainfall on average. Winter precipitation is quite low, making snowfall both rare and short-lived.
Lianyungang is the eastern end of the Longhai Railway (formerly the Lunghai Railway), connecting it with Lanzhou in central China. It is now the eastern terminus of the New Eurasian Land Bridge and the proposed Northern East West Freight Corridor. The Chinese government counts it among the first 14 Chinese coastal cities opening to the outside world and a rising center of industry, foreign trade, and tourism in east China.
This port is located in the center of the coast, linking eastern sea routes with western land routes. Both Japan and the Republic of Korea in the east can be reached economically and conveniently from Liangyungang, which is also part of the worldwide network of sea transport. As well as this, the New Eurasia Continental Landbridge and the railway networks in Western Europe continue by land, connecting Lianyungang with over 40 countries and regions in Europe, South Asia and the Middle East.
At present, the Chinese government has clearly stated its intention to build an economic belt along the New Eurasia Continental landbridge in "the 9th Five-Year Plan of the National Economy and Social Development and the Long-range Goal for the Year 2010"; and on "China's 21st Century Agenda", Lianyungang is to be developed into an international seaport linking countries on the Pacific rim with those in Central Asia. In the "National Ocean Development Plan" it is listed as one of three special development zones.
Located near the Lianyun-Ports, the Tianwan Nuclear Power Plant is one of the biggest nuclear power plants in China, with two operational units and six additional planned.
- Lianyungang Economic & Technological Development Zone
Lianyungang Economic & Technological Development Zone (LETDZ) was approved by the State Council as one of the first batch of state-level development zones in December 1984，and it is located in the eastern new seashore urban area of Liangyungang City. Distance to nearest airport, Liangyungang Airport is 10–20 km (6.2–12.4 mi) and distance to nearest highway G310 is 10–20 km (6.2–12.4 mi). Distance to nearest port, Lianyungang port is 20–50 km (12–31 mi).
- Lianyungang Export Processing Zone
Lianyungang Export Processing Zone is located in Lianyungang Economic & Technological Development Zone (LETDZ).
Lian Island Resort
One of the most popular tourist attractions in Lianyungang and the only AAAA-Class Beachfront in Jiangsu Province, Lian Island (Chinese: 连岛; pinyin: lián dǎo) is a beautiful island connected to Lianyun District by a 6.7 km (4.2 mi) sea dyke, the longest in China. There are two main beach and swimming areas, several places to eat as well as hotels. Lian Island is also home to an annual music extravaganza featuring some of China's most famous pop stars.
Lianyungang is famous for its Huaguoshan Shuiliandong (花果山, 水帘洞) attraction. Shuiliandong literally means the "Water Curtain Hole," since, according to legend, the hole was hidden behind a waterfall, therefore resembling a "curtain of water." The hole is famous because according to legend it is the home of Sun Wukong also commonly known as the Monkey King from the epic novel Journey to the West. In this hole, underneath the mountain is where he and his monkey subjects lived. After learning The Way, the Monkey King travelled back to the hole behind the waterfall so that he and his subjects could eat and play for eternity. Eventually, the Jade Emperor sent several heavenly armies to battle him at this very spot because of his misdeeds. While the Monkey King story is a work of fiction, Xuanzang the monk who he accompanies on the journey of the novel, was based on a historical person.
Lianyungang has convenient transport including highway, railway, port and airport. Lianyungang Baitabu Airport (连云港白塔埠机场) provides schedule passenger service to major airports in China, including Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Nanjing, Xuzhou, Ningbo, Guilin, Dalian, Shenyang, Shenzhen (2009.10.01).
The city serves as the designated starting point for the New Eurasian Land Bridge, a rail link from China to western Europe.
|Map||Subdivision||Hanzi||Pinyin||Population (2010)||Area (km2)||Density|
|Haizhou District||海州区||Hǎizhōu Qū||818,134||697.28||1,173.32|
|Lianyun District||连云区||Liányún Qū||231,697||404.25||573.15|
|Ganyu District||赣榆区||Gànyú Qū||949,438||1,427.27||665.21|
|Donghai County||东海县||Dōnghǎi Xiàn||952,250||2,250.06||423.21|
|Guanyun County||灌云县||Guànyún Xiàn||817,629||1,775.25||460.57|
|Guannan County||灌南县||Guànnán Xiàn||624,766||1,027.02||608.32|
- Government website of Lianyungang (Chinese) (English) (Japanese) (Korean)
- Lianyungang comprehensive guide with open directory (Jiangsu.NET)
- Tang Seng