Liaquat–Nehru Pact

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Liyaquat–Nehru Pact
Long name:
  • Agreement Between The Government of India and Pakistan Regarding Security and Rights of Minorities
TypeMutual understanding of protecting rights
ContextPartition of India[1]
Drafted2 April 1950
Signed8 April 1950; 71 years ago (1950-04-08)
LocationNew Delhi, India
ConditionRatifications of Both Parties
Expiration8 April 1956 (1956-04-08)
MediatorsHuman rights ministries of India and Pakistan
NegotiatorsForeign ministries of India and Pakistan
SignatoriesJawahar Lal Nehru
(Prime Minister of India)
Liaquat Ali Khan
(Prime Minister of Pakistan)
Parties India
RatifiersParliament of India
Parliament of Pakistan
DepositariesGovernments of India and Pakistan

The Liaquat–Nehru Pact (or the Delhi Pact) was a bilateral treaty between India and Pakistan in which refugees were allowed to return to dispose of their property, abducted women and looted property were to be returned, forced conversions were unrecognized, and minority rights were confirmed. The treaty was signed in New Delhi by the Prime Minister of India Jawahar Lal Nehru and the Prime Minister of Pakistan Liaquat Ali Khan on April 8, 1950.[2] The treaty was the outcome of six days of talks sought to guarantee the rights of minorities in both countries after the Partition of India and to avert another war between them.

Minority commissions were set up in both countries. More than one million refugees migrated from East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) to West Bengal in India.

Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019[edit]

The Indian government has referred to Liaquat–Nehru Pact to defend the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019. The Nehru-Liaquat Pact, also known as the Delhi Pact, was a bilateral agreement signed between India and Pakistan in order to provide a framework for the treatment of minorities in the two countries. It required each country to ensure that its minorities enjoy equality of citizenship rights with other nationals of their country.[3]Amit Shah has claimed that both Pakistan and Bangladesh failed to protect religious minorities after Partition and claimed that the Narendra Modi government was correcting the historical wrong by offering citizenship to the religious minority refugees from these countries.[4] But this defense has also attracted criticism.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Bipan C, Mridula M, Aditya M (11 February 2008). India Since Independence. ISBN 978-8184750539.
  2. ^ "Nehru - Liaquat Pact, Ministry of External Affairs, India". Ministry of External Affairs - India.
  3. ^ "Explained: The Nehru-Liaquat Agreement of 1950, referred to in the CAB debate". The Indian Express. 12 December 2019. Retrieved 17 March 2021.
  4. ^ DelhiDecember 10, Prabhash K. Dutta New; December 10, 2019UPDATED; Ist, 2019 14:58. "What is Nehru-Liaquat pact that Amit Shah referred to defend Citizenship Amendment Bill?". India Today. Retrieved 17 March 2021.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  5. ^ Daniyal, Shoaib. "The Nehru-Liaquat Pact failed refugees from Bangladesh – but so would the Citizenship Bill". Retrieved 17 March 2021.

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