Liber Comicus

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Liber Comicus Toletanus Teplensis (also spelled Commicus), designated by t or 56 (in Besaurion system), is the oldest known lectionary from the Iberian Peninsula,[1] dated to somewhere between the 7th and 9th centuries.[2] The Latin text of the New Testament is not of the Vulgate but of the Vetus Latina.[1][3] "Taken in its context, liber comicus could not possibly mean a comic book ... this term is sometimes used to denote a lectionary."[4] It has some affinity with Codex Boernerianus.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "72 fragments of the Old Latin text are preserved in the Spanish Lectionary or Liber Comicus."
    Ann Freeman, 'Theodulf of Orleans and the Libri Carolini', Speculum 32 (1957): 663–705.
  2. ^ Novum Testamentum Graece
  3. ^ Metzger, Bruce M., The Early Versions of the New Testament, (Oxford University Press, 1977), 304.
  4. ^ "This reviewer unblushingly admits that he did not know that this term is sometimes used to denote a lectionary."
    Bernard M. Rosenthal, Review of Otto Meyer and Renate Klauser, Clavis Mediaevalis: Kleines Wörterbuch der Mittelalterforschung, in Speculum 39 (1964): 322–324.
  5. ^ A. H. McNeile, An Introduction to the Study of the New Testament, revised by C. S. C. Williams, Clarendon Press, Oxford 1955, p. 399.

External links[edit]

Select bibliography[edit]

  • Baldwin, Spurgeon. 'On the meaning of the term "Liber Commicus."' Traditio 39 (1983): 439–443.
  • Farr, C. 'Liturgical Influences On The Decoration Of The Book Of Kells'. In Catherine Karkov and Robert T Farrell (eds). Studies in Insular Art and Archaeology. Oxford, Ohio: American Early Medieval Studies and the Miami University School of Fine Arts, 1991. ISBN 1-879836-00-9
  • Morin, Germanus (ed.). Anecdota Maredsolana. Volume 1. Liber Comicus. Maredsous Abbey, 1893.