Liberal Democrat frontbench team

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Liberal Democrats
Frontbench Teams since 1997
Paddy Ashdown (1997–1999)
Charles Kennedy (1999–2006)
Menzies Campbell (2006–2007)
Vince Cable (2007)
Nick Clegg (2007–2010)
Tim Farron (2015-present)

The Liberal Democrats are a political party in the United Kingdom. While in opposition, the Liberal Democrat leader appoints a frontbench team of Members of Parliament (MPs), Peers, Members of the Scottish Parliament (MSPs) and Members of the National Assembly for Wales (AMs), to speak for the party on different issues. Their areas of responsibility broadly corresponded to those of Government ministers. The shadow ministerial team is divided into departmental sub-units, such as Education, Health and Foreign Affairs. The leader of each departmental team is a member of the Liberal Democrat Shadow Cabinet.

Status[edit]

Formerly, the Liberal Democrats frontbench team did not use the term 'Shadow Cabinet', with a number of front bench spokesmen covering areas (e.g., Defence and Foreign Affairs) rather than directly shadowing specific Cabinet portfolios. Under Charles Kennedy's leadership, and with the increase in numbers of Liberal Democrat MPs, the senior members of the front bench team referred to themselves as a Shadow Cabinet.

This was controversial, because in the two-party political system that dominated UK politics in the 20th century, the term 'Shadow Cabinet' referred to senior members of the frontbench team of the largest opposition party in the House of Commons. This party, known as the Official Opposition, has constitutional status, although its Shadow Cabinet does not. Following Charles Kennedy's decision to change the nomenclature, the UK Parliament's website now uses the term 'Liberal Democrat Shadow Cabinet' and does not use the old term 'Frontbench Team'.[1][2]

This is not without contention, and was disputed by the Conservative Party, who were then the Official Opposition. However, the official listing at the Parliament website is very explicit to use the term 'Shadow Cabinet'.[3] Gordon Brown made a notable remark that in the House of Commons in 2001:

The House of Commons is in the unique position of having two shadow Chancellors: one sits in Folkestone and the other in Truro. It is rather like the mediaeval papacy: two hon. Members claim to hold the position of shadow Chancellor. I shall organise a play-off during the year.[4]

This is a theme to which then Chancellor of the Exchequer Gordon Brown returned, comparing and contrasting his frosty relationship with the official Shadow Chancellor George Osborne with his apparently warm relationship with Vince Cable (whom he has referred to as "the Shadow Chancellor from Twickenham").[5]

The Official Opposition receives support for its official function which is denied to smaller opposition parties, although they, along with every parliamentary party, do receive Short Money. Salaries are paid to the Opposition Leader and the Chief Whips but not to smaller opposition parties. Moreover, the Official Opposition has the exclusive use of facilities within Parliament.

Following the 2010 general election and the confirmation of Conservative David Cameron as Prime Minister on 11 May 2010, a coalition cabinet was formed that included Liberal Democrat ministers. The Page has been updated to reflect the September 2012 reshuffle.

Current Liberal Democrat frontbench team[edit]

Tim Farron revealed his frontbench team on 29 July 2015. [6] The shadow ministers are as follows:

Name Portfolio
Tim Farron MP Leader of the Liberal Democrats
TBD Deputy Leader of the Liberal Democrats
Jim Wallace Leader of the Liberal Democrats in the House of Lords
Baroness Susan Kramer Lib Dem Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer
Tom Brake MP Lib Dem Shadow Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
Lib Dem Shadow Chief Whip
Lib Dem Shadow Leader of the House of Commons
Baroness Judith Jolly Lib Dem Shadow Secretary of State for Defence
Alistair Carmichael MP Lib Dem Shadow Secretary of State for the Home Department
Norman Lamb MP Lib Dem Shadow Secretary of State for Health
John Pugh MP Lib Dem Shadow Secretary of State for Education
Baroness Zahida Manzoor Lib Dem Shadow Secretary of State for Work and Pensions
Lorely Burt Lib Dem Shadow Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills
Lynne Featherstone Lib Dem Shadow Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change
Cllr Dorothy Thornhill Lib Dem Shadow Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government
Baroness Jenny Randerson Lib Dem Shadow Secretary of State for Transport
Baroness Kate Parminter Lib Dem Shadow Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
Lib Dem Deputy Leader in the House of Lords
Baroness Lindsay Northover Lib Dem Shadow Secretary of State for International Development
Baroness Jane Bonham Carter Lib Dem Shadow Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport
Baroness Meral Hussein Ece Lib Dem Shadow Minister for Women and Equalities
Lord Jonathan Marks Lib Dem Shadow Secretary of State for Justice
Lib Dem Shadow Attorney General for England and Wales
Lord John Alderdice Lib Dem Shadow Secretary of State for Northern Ireland
Willie Rennie MSP Leader of the Scottish Liberal Democrats
Lib Dem Shadow Secretary of State for Scotland
Kirsty Williams AM Leader of the Welsh Liberal Democrats
Lib Dem Shadow Secretary of State for Wales
Greg Mulholland MP Chairman of Campaigns and Communications
Cllr Tim Pickstone Chair of the Association of Liberal Democrat Councillors
Spokesperson for Grassroots Campaigns

Previous Frontbench Teams[edit]

Previous team key-members in summary:

Party Date Leader Economy Foreign affairs Home affairs
Liberal April 1966 Jo Grimond Richard Wainwright James Davidson
January 1967 Jeremy Thorpe Richard Wainwright James Davidson
June 1970 Jeremy Thorpe John Pardoe Russell Johnston
1975 Jeremy Thorpe John Pardoe David Steel
May 1976 Jo Grimond John Pardoe David Steel
July 1976 David Steel John Pardoe Jeremy Thorpe
1977 David Steel John Pardoe Jeremy Thorpe Emlyn Hooson
May 1979 David Steel Richard Wainwright Russell Johnston
October 1981 David Steel Richard Wainwright Russell Johnston Bill Pitt
June 1983 David Steel Richard Wainwright Russell Johnston
1985 David Steel David Penhaligon Alan Beith
January 1987 David Steel Alan Beith
June 1987 David Steel Alan Beith Russell Johnston
Liberal
Democrats
March 1988 David Steel and
Robert Maclennan
(co-leaders)
Alan Beith Russell Johnston Robert Maclennan
July 1988 Paddy Ashdown Alan Beith Russell Johnston Robert Maclennan
July 1989 Paddy Ashdown Alan Beith David Steel Robert Maclennan
July 1994 Paddy Ashdown Malcolm Bruce Menzies Campbell Alan Beith
August 1999 Charles Kennedy Matthew Taylor Menzies Campbell Simon Hughes
June 2003 Charles Kennedy Vince Cable Menzies Campbell Mark Oaten
January 2006 Menzies Campbell
(acting)
Vince Cable Menzies Campbell Mark Oaten
January 2006 Menzies Campbell
(acting)
Vince Cable Menzies Campbell Alistair Carmichael
March 2006 Menzies Campbell Vince Cable Michael Moore Nick Clegg
October 2007 Vince Cable
(acting)
Vince Cable Michael Moore Nick Clegg
December 2007 Nick Clegg Vince Cable Ed Davey Chris Huhne
May 2010 Nick Clegg (Deputy Prime Minister) David Laws (Chief Secretary to the Treasury) Jeremy Browne (Minister of State for Foreign Affairs) Lord Tom McNally (Minister of State for Justice)
May 2010 Nick Clegg (Deputy Prime Minister) Danny Alexander (Chief Secretary to the Treasury) Jeremy Browne (Minister of State for Foreign Affairs) Lord Tom McNally (Minister of State for Justice)
September 2012 Nick Clegg (Deputy Prime Minister) Danny Alexander (Chief Secretary to the Treasury) Lynne Featherstone (Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for International Development) Jeremy Browne (Minister of State for Home Affairs)
October 2013 Nick Clegg (Deputy Prime Minister) Danny Alexander (Chief Secretary to the Treasury) Lynne Featherstone (Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for International Development) Norman Baker (Minister of State for Home Affairs)
November 2014 Nick Clegg (Deputy Prime Minister) Danny Alexander (Chief Secretary to the Treasury) Lynne Featherstone (Minister of State for Home Affairs)
January 2015 Nick Clegg (Deputy Prime Minister) Danny Alexander (Chief Secretary to the Treasury) Tim Farron Lynne Featherstone (Minister of State for Home Affairs)
May 2015 Nick Clegg Norman Lamb Tim Farron Lord Tom McNally
July 2015 Tim Farron Susan Kramer Tom Brake Alistair Carmichael

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Directory of MPs, Peers, Offices and Overseas Delegations". House of Commons Information Office. Archived from the original on 2 September 2006. Retrieved 4 September 2006. 
  2. ^ "Liberal Democrat Shadow Cabinet and Parliamentary Team". House of Commons Information Office. Archived from the original on 21 August 2006. Retrieved 4 September 2006. 
  3. ^ "UK Parliament". House of Commons Information Office – libdems. Archived from the original on 2 August 2008. Retrieved 25 September 2008. 
  4. ^ "House of Commons Hansard Debates for 27 Nov 2001 (pt 8)". The Stationery Office Ltd. 27 November 2001. Retrieved 4 September 2006. 
  5. ^ "House of Commons Hansard Debates for 16 Oct 2003 (pt 2)". 16 October 2003. 
  6. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-33700930

External links[edit]