Liberal Democratic Party (Chile, 1893)

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Liberal Democratic Party
Partido Liberal Democrático
Founded 5 November 1893
Dissolved 1933
Split from Liberal Party
Merged into Liberal Party
Headquarters Santiago, Chile
Ideology Balmacedism
Political position Centre
International affiliation None

The Liberal Democratic Party (Spanish: Partido Liberal Democrático, PLD) called also balmacedist was one of the impellers of the Chilean parliamentary system from 1891 to 1925.

Liberal Democratic Party or balmacedist 1893–1933[edit]

The Liberal Democratic Party or balmacedist was formed on 5 November 1893 during a convention in Talca. It assembled former supporters of president José Manuel Balmaceda. Its party platform was a return to a strong presidency like those previous to the 1891 Chilean Civil War.

The LDP would split into the LDP-Aliancist, supporters of Arturo Alessandri and the LDP-Unionist, the opposers to Alessandri. It lasted until 1930, when it merged into the United Liberal Party. After the downfall of president Carlos Ibáñez in 1931 it rearranged as an independent party before finally merging into the Liberal Party in 1933.

Results in parliamentary elections[edit]

Year of elections (parliament seats) Number of members of the parliament Votes members of the parliament
1894 (94) 22 n/d
1897 (94) 22 n/d
1900 (94) 22 n/d
1903 (94) 27 n/d
1906 (94) 20 n/d
1909 (94) 15 n/d
1912 (118) 27 n/d
1915 (118) 21 n/d
1918 (118) 15 n/d
1921 (118) 8 n/d
1924 (118) 9 n/d
1932 (142) 1 1.086 (0.5%)

Presidential candidates[edit]

The following is a list of the presidential candidates supported by the Liberal Democratic Party (balmacedist). (Information gathered from the Archive of Chilean Elections).


The original version of this article draws heavily on the corresponding article in the Spanish-language Wikipedia, which was accessed in the version of 7 June 2007.

See also[edit]