Liberal Democratic Party (Australia)
|National President||Gabriel Buckley|
|National Treasurer||David Leyonhjelm|
|Headquarters||Dickson, Australian Capital Territory|
|International affiliation||International Alliance of Libertarian Parties, Interlibertarians|
|House of Representatives||
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The Liberal Democratic Party (LDP or Liberal Democrats, formerly the Liberty and Democracy Party) is an Australian political party founded in Canberra in 2001. The party's policies are broadly based on classical liberal principles. The LDP is a registered party in the Australian Capital Territory, South Australia, and Victoria, and is also registered for federal elections with the Australian Electoral Commission. The party has one senator, David Leyonhjelm, elected to parliament at the 2013 federal election, and also has four representatives at local government level (one councillor in Victoria, two councillors in New South Wales and one in South Australia).
Founded as the Liberal Democratic Party in 2001, changes to the Electoral Act by the Howard government forced all parties without parliamentary representation to deregister, and re-register under stricter naming rules. Advised by the Australian Electoral Commission that federal registration under the original name was uncertain given opposition by the Liberal Party of Australia, and lacking the funding to appeal a likely negative finding, in 2007 the party chose to register federally as the Liberty and Democracy Party. However, in 2008 the party successfully applied to the Australian Electoral Commission to change its federally registered name to Liberal Democratic Party. During this period, the party remained registered under its original name in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT). In 2016 the Liberal Party again sought to challenge the name but ultimately abandoned the action. 
The LDP states it adheres to classical liberal, small government and laissez-faire principles coupled with what the party considers as a high regard for individual freedom and individual responsibility.
- Federal budgets which are neither in surplus, nor deficit, but balanced
- Support of competitive federalism and political decentralisation
- Restore to the States the power to impose income taxes and other taxes currently reserved to the Commonwealth
- Cease all Commonwealth involvement in health and education
- Extensive reduction of taxes and fines, industrial relations regulations, and government spending including welfare, health and defence, replacing most with a compulsory superannuation payment to fund social services and compulsory insurance cover for those whose balance does not meet a mandated minimum
- Support for commercial off-the-shelf and military off-the-shelf defence acquisitions where possible
- Support of extensive privatisation and deregulation: end government ownership of business enterprises including the ABC, SBS, Australia Post, electricity generation and public transport services
- Deregulate industry to the greatest extent possible to build its international competitiveness
- Support of a 20% flat rate income tax with a $40000 tax free threshold.
- Support of extensive free markets and free trade
- Support of the most efficient and effective electricity generation, with no options off the table
- Support of market over government responses to climate change
- Opposition to industry subsidies including corporate welfare
- Support of citizen-initiated referenda, fixed parliamentary terms, recall elections, and voluntary voting
- Support for increasing barriers for immigrants to acquire Australian citizenship
- Maximisation of freedom of travel administered by a general immigration tariff on all non-humanitarian immigrants from other nations to replace the existing quota system
- Support of free migration agreements with more nations such as the current Australia/New Zealand agreement
- Unauthorised arrivals temporarily detained for health and security checks, transparent process for determining refugee status, community release under bail-like conditions while status is determined
- Removal of sin taxes (including for alcohol and tobacco)
- Support of same-sex marriage
- Equality before the law, including opposition to affirmative action
- Support of property owners' rights
- Support of fishing and shooting rights
- Re-legalisation of many presently illicit drugs, beginning with marijuana
- Legalisation of assisted suicide
- Abolition of coercive psychiatry
- Decriminalise the means to self defense (including pepper spray, tasers and firearms under some circumstances)
- Opposition to government-funded foreign aid, other than short-term humanitarian relief, in favour of private charity
- Support of a free and independent Tibet and East Turkestan, and restoring official recognition of the Republic of China
- David McAlary becomes party president.
- Peter Whelan elected party president.
- Contests 2008 Gippsland by-election, winning 4.2 percent of the vote.
- Contests the seat of Molonglo in the 2008 ACT election, winning 0.9 percent of the vote.
- Applies successfully to the AEC to change its federally registered name to "Liberal Democratic Party".
- January: Former New Zealand Finance Minister Sir Roger Douglas keynote speaker at the 2010 LDP National Conference in Sydney.
- Contests 2010 federal election, receiving 1.8 percent of the national senate vote, and an average of 1.3 percent across the 21 lower house seats it contested, with a best of 5.52 percent in Gippsland.
- January: Radio presenter and former VFL footballer Sam Kekovich keynote speaker at the 2011 LDP National Conference in Canberra.
- Registered in South Australia.
- Gained 13.3 and 7.3 percent of the primary vote in the Ramsay and Port Adelaide state by-elections in the absence of Liberal Party of Australia candidates.
- Jeff Pettett was elected as a Councillor to the Ku-ring-gai Council in northern metropolitan Sydney at the New South Wales local government elections, gaining 24 per cent of vote in the absence of Liberal Party candidates.
- Clinton Mead was elected as a Councillor to the [Campbelltown, New South Wales|Campbelltown]] Council in southern metropolitan Sydney at the New South Wales local government elections
- January: Author and journalist Cassandra Wilkinson keynote speaker at the 2013 LDP National Conference in Sydney.
- David Leyonhjelm elected to the Senate with a 9.5 percent (+7.2) primary vote polling the third-highest vote in New South Wales after the Liberal/National Coalition and the Australian Labor Party. The result for the LDP in New South Wales was partly attributed to the "donkey vote" with the party occupying first position on a record-size ballot paper.
- Primary vote of 5.33 percent in Gippsland, the only House of Representatives seat the party contested at the 2013 election.
- Councillor Clinton Mead is elected by his fellow councillors to be mayor of Campbelltown.
- Gabriel Buckley becomes party president.
- February: Australian Human Rights Commissioner Tim Wilson keynote speaker at the 2014 LDP National Conference in Sydney.
- June: Leyonhjelm and Family First's Bob Day announced their intention to vote as a bloc in the Senate on economic issues, but will vote separately on social issues.
- July: David Leyonhjelm becomes the Liberal Democratic Party's first senator.
- November: Achieves registration with the Victorian Electoral Commission (VEC), announces it will field upper-house candidates in the upcoming Victorian state election on 29 November 2014.
- November: Small business owner Samuel Charlick, the South Australian State President of the LDP, is elected as a councillor for Glenelg Ward in the City of Holdfast Bay, the first LDP representative in that state.
Prior to the 2012 Ramsay and Port Adelaide state by-elections in South Australia, the polls in The Advertiser newspaper gave the LDP 23 percent and 14 percent of the vote respectively in the absence of Liberal Party candidates. The LDP ended up with votes of 13.3 percent and 7.3 percent respectively. The paper described the LDP as "a hardline liberal party that demands abolition of government welfare as well as the minimum wage, seatbelts and bike helmets. It backs legalisation of marijuana and increased freedom to access pornography."
At the 2013 federal election, LDP candidate David Leyonhjelm was elected to the Senate after polling the third highest vote in the state of New South Wales after the Liberal Party of Australia and the Australian Labor Party. According to Leyonhjelm, a portion of their vote probably came from their 'first position' on the long senate ballot paper and voters potentially being confused with his party and other contesting parties such as the Liberals, the Australian Democrats and the Christian Democratic Party. However, Leyonhjelm points to the fact that the Liberal Democrats' vote in South Australia, where they were fifth on the ballot, rose 3 percentage points. He also points to the fact that the donkey vote generally only produces swings of +1 or 2 percentage points to the party listed first on the ballot.
Leyonhjelm organised preferences for several different, but closely entwined, political parties seeking election in the Senate, including the Outdoor Recreation Party, Smoker's Rights Party, and the Republican Party of Australia. Australian Sex Party candidate Fiona Patten alleged Leyonhjelm intentionally failed to lodge ticket voting preferences forms, reneging on a preference deal, but Leyonhjelm claimed that there was a mistake entering the AEC fax number. The Liberal Democrats were not involved in Glenn Druery's "Minor Party Alliance" during the election, which assisted in negotiating preference flows between minor parties.
On 1 July 2014, David Leyonhjelm became the Liberal Democratic Party's first senator.
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