Liberal Party (Rwanda)

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Liberal Party
Parti Libéral
Leader Prosper Higiro
Headquarters Kigali
Ideology Liberalism
Political position Centre
Chamber of Deputies
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The Liberal Party (French: Parti Libéral, PL) is a liberal political party in Rwanda led by Protais Mitali.


The party was established in 1991.[1] Although it refused to join the government formed by Sylvestre Nsanzimana later in the year, it joined Dismas Nsengiyaremye's government in April 1992.[2] As a result of its involvement with government,[2] and efforts by associates of President Juvénal Habyarimana,[1] the party split into pro- and anti-government factions.

It joined the Rwandan Patriotic Front-led government in 1994 after the end of the genocide. Prosper Higiro became leader of the party in 2001.[2] In the 2003 parliamentary elections the party received 11% of the vote and won six of the 53 elected seats.

In 2007 Protais Mitali was elected leader of the party.[2] A dispute over the conduct of the elections led to two MPs and five officials being expelled from the party.[2] The 2008 parliamentary elections saw the party's vote share fall to 7.5% as it was reduced to four seats.

Higiro was nominated as the party's candidate for the 2010 presidential elections, receiving 1.4% of the vote. In the 2013 parliamentary elections the party received 9% of the vote, winning five seats.


  1. ^ a b Aimable Twagilimana (2015) Historical Dictionary of Rwanda, Rowman & Littlefield, p180
  2. ^ a b c d e Arthur S Banks, Thomas C Miller, William R Overstreet & Judith F Isacoff (2009) Political Handbook of the World 2009, CQ Press, p1125

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