Liberal Party of Honduras

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Liberal Party of Honduras

Partido Liberal de Honduras
PresidentYani Benjamin Rosenthal Hidalgo
FounderPolicarpo Bonilla[1]
Founded5 February 1891 (1891-02-05)
HeadquartersTegucigalpa, MDC
IdeologyLiberalism (Honduras)
Political positionCentre to Centre-right[2]
Regional affiliationCenter-Democratic Integration Group
Continental affiliationRELIAL
COPPPAL
International affiliationLiberal International
Colors  Red
Anthem
"Himno del Partido Liberal de Honduras"
"Hymn of the Liberal Party of Honduras"
National Congress
28 / 128
Party flag
Liberal Party of Honduras logo.svg
Website
www.partidoliberal.hn

The Liberal Party of Honduras (Spanish: Partido Liberal de Honduras) is a centrist[2] liberal political party in Honduras that was founded in 1891. The party is a member of the Liberal International. The PLH is identified with the color red and white, as the flag Francisco Morazan used in most of his military campaigns during time of the Central American Federal Republic.

2001 elections[edit]

At the legislative elections, held on 25 November 2001, the party won 40.8% of the popular vote and 55 out of 128 seats in Congress. Its candidate at the presidential elections, Rafael Pineda Ponce won 44.3%, but was defeated by Ricardo Maduro of the National Party of Honduras.

2005 elections[edit]

The PLH won the closely contested 2005 presidential race, but at the moment the PNH has a majority in the National Congress due to an alliance with the Christian Democrats (Democracia Cristiana).

In the general election of 27 November 2005, the party won 62 out of 128 seats in the National Congress; and its Presidential candidate, Manuel Zelaya, polled 49.9% to defeat the PNH's Porfirio Pepe Lobo, restoring the PLH as the presidential party. He was inaugurated on 27 January 2006.

Elected as a conservative, Zelaya shifted dramatically to the political left during his presidency, forging an alliance with the Hugo Chávez linked ALBA[3] angering conservatives and his own Liberal Party. He was deposed by coup d'état in 2009 and replaced by Roberto Micheletti, also of the Liberal Party.

2009 elections[edit]

At the 2009 elections, the first since the 2009 Honduran coup d'état which removed Manuel Zelaya from power, the Liberal Party was heavily defeated by the National Party candidate for president, Porfirio Lobo Sosa winning the presidency with, according to the Electoral Tribunal, over 1,212,846 votes and 56.56% of the national total of valid votes (in all participation as acknowledged by the tribunal was of 41%) compared with 816,874 votes and 38.1% of the national total for Elvin Santos who was the Liberal candidate, and in the elections to the National Congress of Honduras the Liberal Party of Honduras won 45 seats from its previous 61, out of 128 seats in total. The elections were held under a tense political atmosphere without the accustomed OAS observers and under a civil rights restriction decree, with the elected president Zelaya under military siege in the Brazilian embassy at Tegucigalpa. Sectors opposed to the 2009 coup claim the participation was much less than reported by the authorities, but this claim has not been verified.[4][5]

In 2011 Zelaya's supporters left the Liberal Party and founded Liberty and Refoundation.

Recent activities[edit]

Following Zelaya's split, the Liberal Party has seen a decline in its support. At the 2013 election, liberal candidate Mauricio Villeda got 20.3% of votes, arriving third.

The party further declined in the 2017 election, its candidate Luis Zelaya only obtaining 14.74% and again arriving third. However, the party maintained its 26 seats in the parliament.

The Liberal Party denounced the result as fraudulent.[6]

The party is against the legalization of abortion, which is punishable by imprisonment in Honduras.[7]

Electoral history[edit]

Presidential elections[edit]

Election Party candidate Votes % Result
1891 Policarpo Bonilla 15,300 30.81% Lost Red XN
1894 Policarpo Bonilla 42,667 98.84% Won Green tickY
1898 Terencio Sierra 36,756 82.53% Won Green tickY
1902 Juan Ángel Arias Boquín 25,118 42.9% Lost Red XN
1919 Rafael López Gutiérrez 79,068 81.0% Elected Green tickY
1923 Juan Ángel Arias 20,424 19.4% Lost Red XN
1924 Did not run
1928 Vicente Mejía Colindres 62,319 56.62% Elected Green tickY
1932 Angel Zúñiga Huete 61,643 Lost Red XN
1948 210 00.08% Lost Red XN
1954 Ramón Villeda Morales 121,213 48.10% Elected Green tickY
1957 37 Elected Green tickY
1971 Jorge Bueso Arias 269,989 47.38% Lost Red XN
1981 Roberto Suazo Cordova 636,437 53.9% Elected Green tickY
1985 José Simón Azcona del Hoyo 786,624 51.02% Elected Green tickY
1989 Carlos Roberto Flores Facussé 776,698 44.33% Lost Red XN
1993 Carlos Roberto Reina 906,793 53.01% Elected Green tickY
1997 Carlos Roberto Flores Facussé 1,040,403 52.65% Elected Green tickY
2001 Rafael Pineda Ponce 962,446 44.2% Lost Red XN
2005 Manuel Zelaya 999,006 45.6% Elected Green tickY
2009 Elvin Santos 816,874 38.10% Lost Red XN
2013 Mauricio Villeda 632,320 20.30% Lost Red XN
2017 Luis Orlando Zelaya 484,187 14.74% Lost Red XN

Note[edit]

In the 1957 election Ramón Villeda Morales was elected by the Constituent Assembly

National Congress elections[edit]

Election Votes % Seats +/– Position
1923
9 / 48
Increase 9 Increase 3rd
1924
0 / 46
Decrease 9 Increase 2nd
1926
6 / 46
Increase 6 Steady 2nd
1928
21 / 48
Increase 15 Steady 2nd
1930
23 / 48
Increase 2 Steady 2nd
1932
13 / 56
Decrease 10 Steady 2nd
1934
4 / 59
Decrease 9 Steady 2nd
1936 46 00.01%
0 / 59
Decrease 4 Steady 2nd
1942
0 / 45
Steady Steady 2nd
1948 210 00.08%
0 / 49
Steady Steady 2nd
1954 121,213 48.10%
24 / 59
Increase 24 Increase 1st
1956 41,724 10.08%
0 / 58
Decrease 24 Decrease 2nd
1957 205,135 61.85%
36 / 58
Increase 36 Increase 1st
1965 272,198 44.85%
29 / 64
Decrease 7 Decrease 2nd
1971 269,989 47.38%
32 / 64
Increase 3 Steady 2nd
1980 495,779 51.68%
35 / 71
Increase 2 Increase 1st
1981 636,437 53.9%
44 / 82
Increase 9 Steady 1st
1985 786,624 51.02%
67 / 134
Increase 23 Steady 1st
1989 776,698 44.33%
51 / 128
Decrease 16 Decrease 2nd
1993 906,793 53.01%
71 / 128
Increase 20 Increase 1st
1997 1,040,403 52.65%
67 / 128
Decrease 4 Steady 1st
2001 850,290 40.8%
55 / 128
Decrease 12 Decrease 2nd
2005
62 / 128
Increase 7 Increase 1st
2009 4,937,995 30.78%
45 / 128
Decrease 17 Decrease 2nd
2013 4,670,157 16.97%
27 / 128
Decrease 18 Decrease 3rd
2017 484,187 20.31%
26 / 128
Decrease 1 Steady 3rd

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Elections and Events 1875-1899 The Library, UC San Diego
  2. ^ a b Pearson, Frederic S.; Walker, Scott; Stern, Stephanie (2007), "Military Intervention and the Question of Democratization and Inter-Ethnic Peace", Governance, Conflict Analysis and Conflict Resolution, Ian Randle Publishers, p. 252, ISBN 9789766372590
  3. ^ President Zelaya voted in as Liberal turned into ally of Chavez’ ALBA
  4. ^ "The Sham Elections in Honduras".
  5. ^ Carroll, Rory (27 November 2009). "Honduras coup: troops deployed to oversee election". The Guardian. London.
  6. ^ tiempo.hn https://tiempo.hn/nasralla-gano-elecciones-luis-zelaya/. Retrieved 2019-09-24. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ http://www.laprensa.hn/honduras/1067985-410/aborto-en-honduras-seguir%C3%A1-siendo-un-crimen

External links[edit]