Saskatchewan Liberal Party
|Active provincial party|
|Headquarters||845A McDonald Street
|Seats in Legislature||
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Early history (to 1944)
The party dominated Saskatchewan politics for the province's first forty years and provided six of the first seven Premiers who served between the province's creation in 1905 and World War II. Located on the middle of the political spectrum, it assiduously courted "ethnic" (i.e., non-British) voters and the organized farm movement. It refused to pander to "nativist" sentiment that culminated in the short, spectacular existence of the Ku Klux Klan in Saskatchewan in 1927–28. During the party's only spell out of power during this time following the 1929 election, it was the largest party in the Saskatchewan Legislative Assembly. It did not command a majority of seats and was relegated to the opposition benches after Progressives and independents decided to join with the Conservatives in a coalition government.
Varying fortunes (1944–1978)
In the 1944 election, however, Saskatchewan experienced a dramatic change when it elected the first democratic socialist government in North America under Tommy Douglas and the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF). The Liberals were nearly wiped off the map, dropping from a strong majority of 38 seats to only five—the worst defeat of a sitting government in the province's history. The Liberals moved to the political right and remained out of power for twenty years until Ross Thatcher's victory in 1964 election. Thatcher led the Liberals to re-election in 1967.
After the defeat of the Liberals in the 1971 election at the hands of the CCF's successor, the Saskatchewan New Democratic Party, the party remained the principal opposition party in the province, albeit with a dwindling number of seats. However, in the 1978 election, the Liberals were completely shut out of the Legislature for the first time. The Progressive Conservatives replaced them as the principal opposition party in Saskatchewan.
The Liberals didn't return to the Legislative Assembly until 1986, when party leader Ralph Goodale (later federal Deputy Liberal leader) was elected as the party's sole member.
The Liberals came under the leadership of future Lieutenant Governor Lynda Haverstock in 1989. The Liberals were only able to take limited advantage of the collapse of Grant Devine's scandal-ridden Conservative government in the 1991 election, but Haverstock was able to win her Saskatoon seat. Liberal candidate Anita Bergman also won a by-election in 1994.
Dissent and decline (1996–present)
Dissatisfaction within the Liberal caucus led to the resignation of Lynda Haverstock as party leader. On November 24, 1996, the Saskatchewan Liberal party elected Jim Melenchuk on the third ballot as party leader. In 1997, four Liberal Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs) joined forces with four MLAs from the Progressive Conservative Party of Saskatchewan to form the Saskatchewan Party.
The 1999 election reduced the Liberals to only four seats and third party status in the Legislature. The result in the fourth seat, Wood River, was later overturned; a by-election was held and won by Yogi Huyghebaert, the Saskatchewan Party candidate. The governing New Democrats, however, had only won exactly half the total seats, effectively leaving them with a minority government since the governing party is traditionally expected to provide the Speaker of the Legislature. Following secret negotiations, the NDP and three Liberals elected announced that they had formed a coalition government, the second such government in the province's history following the Conservative-led government of 1929-34. Under the terms of the coalition agreement, two Liberals, Jim Melenchuk and Jack Hillson, were then appointed to positions in the Cabinet while the third, Ron Osika, was elected Speaker of the Legislature. Rank-and-file Liberals were against the coalition government and called for a leadership convention. On 27 October 2001 Saskatchewan Liberals elected businessman David Karwacki as the new leader over Hillson, who had withdrawn from the coalition. Karwacki soon ordered the other two Liberal MLAs, Melenchuk and Ron Osika, to disband the coalition. They refused, left the party, sat as independent Members of the Legislative Assembly, continued in the coalition and eventually ran for re-election (in both cases, unsuccessfully) as NDP candidates in the 2003 election.
The internal party feud hurt Liberal fortunes, as did a polarized electorate. A poorly run election campaign left the party shut out of the Legislature in 2003, the first time in over 20 years in which the Liberal Party was unable to win a single seat. In the 2007 election the Saskatchewan Liberal Party was again shut out of the Legislature, this time finishing better than third only in Regina Walsh Acres. In that riding, the Saskatchewan Party (which won power from the NDP in this election) had been forced to withdraw its candidate after the close of nominations.
Karawacki resigned as Liberal leader one month later. Ryan Bater was ratified as the Liberal leader at the Liberal Party convention on 21 February 2009. At the same convention, the party passed a declaration of principles, which sought to reposition the Liberals as the party of "Personal Liberty, Free Enterprise, and Responsible Government". As well, a proposal was approved separating the federal and provincial Liberal parties in Saskatchewan into two independent organizations.
In the 2011 general election, the Liberals ran only nine candidates. Seven Liberals ran in Saskatoon while one ran in Regina, however, the party put most of their resources behind Bater's own attempt to win a seat in the Battlefords. The Liberals again failed to win a seat in the Legislature. Overall, they fell to fourth place behind the third-place finishing Green Party of Saskatchewan, polling 2,237 votes in the nine constituencies in which they were on the ballot. Of these votes, more than a third of were earned by Bater in the Battlefords, who nevertheless finished a distant third in his own riding. Besides Bater, only two out of the eight other Liberals running were able to out-poll their Green Party opponents for a distant third-place finish. The other six Liberals finished fourth, compared to only one who finished worse than third in 2007. The party's platform focused on cutting the provincial sales tax, curbing government expenditures and creating a sovereign wealth fund entitled the Saskatchewan Future Fund.[self-published source?]
Ryan Bater resigned as leader on January 31, 2012. Greg Gallager was appointed interim leader on March 12, 2012. In the party's 2013 leadership election, Reid Hill was the only candidate to put his name forward by the close of nominations, and was thus to be named as the party's new leader. He decided not to take on the job, however, stating that he had wanted to partake a competitive race to revive public attention for the party, rather than simply being handed the leadership due to lack of interest. Darrin Lamoureux was appointed as new interim leader on December 16, 2013 and was acclaimed on August 21, 2014, when no other candidates ran for the position.
- Walter Scott (August 16, 1905 – October 20, 1916)
- William M. Martin (October 20, 1916 – April 5, 1922)
- Charles A. Dunning (April 5, 1922 – February 26, 1926)
- James G. Gardiner (February 26, 1926 – October 31, 1935)
- William John Patterson (October 31, 1935 – August 6, 1946)
- Walter Tucker (August 6, 1946 – November 26, 1954)
- Alexander H. McDonald (November 26, 1954 – September 24, 1959)
- Ross Thatcher (September 24, 1959 – July 22, 1971)
- David Steuart (December 11, 1971 – December 11, 1976) House Leader (July 22, 1971 - December 11, 1971)
- Ted Malone (December 11, 1976 – June 13, 1981)
- Ralph Goodale (June 13, 1981 – October 7, 1988)
- Vacant (October 7, 1988 - April 2, 1989) (Jack Wiebe was party president)
- Lynda Haverstock (April 2, 1989 – November 12, 1995)
- Ron Osika (November 12, 1995 - November 24, 1996, interim)
- Jim Melenchuk (November 24, 1996 – October 27, 2001)
- David Karwacki (October 27, 2001 – December 21, 2007)
- Frank Proto (December 21, 2007 – February 21, 2009, interim)
- Ryan Bater (February 21, 2009 – March 12, 2012)
- Greg Gallagher (March 12, 2012 – December 16, 2013, interim)
- Darrin Lamoureux (December 16, 2013 – August 21, 2014, interim) and (August 21, 2014 – present)
Scott, Martin and Dunning were Premiers for the duration of their party's leadership. Patterson was Premier for all but two years of his leadership. Thatcher became Premier after five years as the Leader of the Opposition and remained leader until the end of his Premiership.
- Saskatchewan Liberal Party leadership conventions
- List of Saskatchewan political parties
- Politics of Saskatchewan
- "Success may rest in closing rural-urban divide". CBC News. 20 October 2003.
- "Experts say it's time for a change". The Leader-Post. 9 November 2007. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.
- "Declaration of the Principles of Prairie Liberalism". Saskatchewan Liberal Party. Retrieved 2010-10-25.
- "Saskatchewan has Liberals too...". Archived from the original on 26 April 2012.
- "Sask. Liberal leader resigns". CBC News. 31 January 2012.
- "Sask. Liberals name interim party leader". CBC News. 12 March 2012.
- "Reid Hill to become Sask. Liberal leader". Saskatoon Star-Phoenix. 4 September 2013. Archived from the original on 17 December 2014.
- "Hill won't be Sask. Liberal leader". Saskatoon Star-Phoenix. 24 October 2013. Archived from the original on 17 December 2014.
- "Darrin Lamoureux acclaimed as new Saskatchewan Liberal leader". CBC News. 21 August 2014.
- Grenier, Eric (6 April 2016). "Brad Wall's victory cements his place at centre of conservative movement". CBC News.