Freedom and Accord Party
|Freedom and Accord Party|
|Hürriyet ve İtilâf Fırkası|
|Last Leader||Damat Ferid Pasha|
|Politics of Turkey
The Freedom and Accord Party (Turkish: Hürriyet ve İtilâf Fırkası), formerly and also known as the Liberal Union or the Liberal Entente, was a liberal Ottoman political party active between 1911 and 1913, during the Second Constitutional Era. As the Liberal Union/Entente, it was the second largest party in the Ottoman Parliament of 1909. It had managed to organize covering most of the provinces of the Ottoman Empire.
The Freedom and Accord Party proper was founded on 21 November 1911 by those Young Turks in opposition to the Committee of Union and Progress, and immediately attracted 70 Deputies to its ranks. Only 20 days after its formation, Freedom and Accord won the by-elections conducted in Istanbul by one vote. It was the main challenger to the Committee of Union and Progress during the 1912 elections, which the Committee rigged in favor of itself, giving Freedom and Accord only 6 seats of 275 total. Notable members included Rıza Tevfik Bölükbaşı, Ali Kemal Bey, Damat Ferid Pasha, and Lütfi Fikri Bey.
The party was suppressed after the Raid on the Sublime Porte of January 1913, in which the Committee of Union and Progress's leadership, the Three Pashas, grabbed de facto control of the Empire. It was only re-established in the aftermath of the World War I. In the post-1918 Ottoman Empire, the party became known for its attempts to suppress and prosecute the Committee of Union and Progress.
- Birinci, Ali (1990), Hürriyet ve İtilaf Fırkası (in Turkish), İstanbul: Dergah Yayınları, ISBN 9759953072
- Burak, Durdu Mehmet, Osmanlı Devleti'nde Jön Türk Hareketinin Başlaması ve Etkileri (PDF) (in Turkish), Ankara University, pp. 292–318, doi:10.1501/OTAM_0000000502, retrieved 17 March 2013