Liberalism and radicalism in Romania

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This article gives an overview of liberalism and radicalism in Romania. It is limited to liberal parties with substantial support, mainly proved by having had a representation in parliament. The sign ⇒ denotes another party in this scheme. For inclusion in this scheme it is not necessary for a party to have actually labeled itself as a liberal party.

Background[edit]

Liberalism has been one of the major forces in Romania, mainly organized in the center-right National Liberal Party. As of 2016 the National Liberal Party is the largest opposition party, with elected members in both houses of the Romanian Parliament, and in the European Parliament. At the European Parliament level, is a member of European People's Party.

The National Liberal Party has historically had many spin-offs and mergers with other center-right parties. Alliance of Liberals and Democrats is such a spin-off that is currently a member of the coalition government.

History[edit]

Precursors[edit]

National Liberal Party[edit]

  • 1875: The liberal current organised itself in the National Liberal Party (Partidul Naţional-Liberal), led by Ion Brătianu
  • 1884: A faction formed the Radical Party, led by C.A. Rosetti and George Panu
  • 1899: The National Liberal Party absorbs the right-wing of the Romanian Social-Democratic Workers' Party
  • 1918: The Peasants' Party absorbs a left-wing tendency in the National Liberal Party formed around Constantin Stere
  • 1929: A faction formed the ⇒ National Liberal Party-Brătianu
  • 1931: A faction formed the Liberal Democratic Party, which remained unsuccessful. The same year a majority of the Brătianu party returned in the National Liberal Party
  • 1938: The rest of the Brătianu party returned in the National Liberal Party
  • 1938: The party is banned by King Carol II
  • 1944: The party resumed its activities
  • 1944: A faction formed the ⇒ National Liberal Party-Tătărescu
  • 1947: The Brătianu faction dissolves itself
  • 1990: A party claiming the National Liberal legacy is founded by Radu Câmpeanu
  • 1990: A youth faction of the National Liberal Party formed the ⇒ Liberal Party Youth Wing
  • 1991: A faction formed the ⇒ National Liberal Party-Democratic Convention
  • 1995: The ⇒ Liberal party 1993 merged into the National Liberal Party, the ⇒ National Liberal Party-Câmpeanu seceded from the party
  • 1998: The party absorbed the ⇒ Civic Alliance Party
  • 2002: The Alliance for Romania (Alianţa pentru România) merged into the National Liberal Party
  • 2003: The Union of Right-Wing Forces (Uniunea Forţelor de Dreapta) and the ⇒ National Liberal Party-Câmpeanu merged into the party

National Liberal Party-Brătianu[edit]

  • 1929: A faction of the ⇒ National Liberal Party formed the National Liberal Party-Brătianu (Partidul Naţional-Liberal-Brătianu)
  • 1931: Most of the party returned to the National Liberal Party
  • 1938: The party reunited with the National Liberal Party

National Liberal Party-Tătărescu[edit]

From National Liberal Party Youth Wing to Liberal Party 1993[edit]

  • 1990: A youth faction of the ⇒ National Liberal Party formed the National Liberal Party Youth Wing (Partidul Naţional-Liberal Aripa Tînără)
  • 1992: The party was renamed Liberal Party (Partidul Liberal), led by Horia Rusu
  • 1993: The Liberal Party merged with the ⇒ National Liberal Party-Democratic Convention and the Group for Moral and Political Reforms into the Liberal Party 1993 (Partidul Liberal 1993), joined by a faction of the ⇒ Civic Alliance Party
  • 1995: The party merged into the ⇒ National Liberal Party

Civic Alliance Party[edit]

  • 1991: A section of the Civic Alliance non-governmental organization established the Civic Alliance Party (Partidul Alianţa Civică), led by Nicolae Manolescu
  • 1993: A faction joined the ⇒ Liberal Party 1993
  • 1998: The party merged into the ⇒ National Liberal Party

National Liberal Party-Democratic Convention[edit]

National Liberal Party-Câmpeanu[edit]

  • 1995: A faction of the ⇒ National Liberal Party formed the National Liberal Party-Câmpeanu (Partidul Naţional-Liberal-Câmpeanu)
  • 2003: The party merged into the ⇒ National Liberal Party

Alliance for Romania[edit]

  • 1997: A faction of the ⇒ Party for Social Democracy of Romania (PDSR) formed the Alliance for Romania (Alianța pentru România)
  • 2002: The party merged into the ⇒ National Liberal Party

Democratic Liberal Party[edit]

  • 2004: National Liberal Party and Democratic Party form the ⇒ Justice and Truth Alliance and join a government coalition after the 2004 elections
  • 2006: Justice and Truth Alliance is disbanded and a faction of the National Liberal Party forms the ⇒ Liberal Democratic Party (Partidul Democrat Liberal)
  • 2007: Liberal Democratic Party merges with Democratic Party and forms ⇒ Democratic Liberal Party
  • 2014: The party merged into the ⇒ National Liberal Party


PNL leaders[edit]

No. Name Term start Term end
1 Ion Brătianu 1875 1891
2 Dumitru Brătianu 1891 1892
3 Dimitrie Sturdza 1892 1908
4 Ion I. C. Brătianu 1908 24 November 1927
5 Vintilă Brătianu November/December 1927 1930
6 Ion Duca 1930 30 December 1933
7 Dinu Brătianu December 1933 1948
none (party dissolved during Communist Party rule) 1948 1990
8 Radu Câmpeanu 1990 1993
9 Mircea Ionescu Quintus 1993 2001
10 Valeriu Stoica 2001 2002
11 Theodor Stolojan 2002 October 2004
12 Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu October 2004 March 2009
13 Crin Antonescu March 2009 June 2014
14 Klaus Iohannis June 2014 December 2014
15 Alina Gorghiu December 2014 December 2016

See also[edit]

External links[edit]