Liberalism in Lithuania

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This article gives an overview of liberalism in Lithuania. It is limited to liberal parties with substantial support, mainly proved by having had a representation in parliament. The sign ⇒ denotes another party in that scheme. For inclusion in this scheme it isn't necessary so that parties labeled themselves as a liberal party.

Background[edit]

Liberalism was a major force in Lithuania since 1902. Next to the urban citizens, agrarian liberal parties became active.

History[edit]

After the restoration of independence in 1990 liberal parties arose again. Currently, the Liberal Movement is a centre-right liberal party and the Liberal and Centre Union (Liberalų ir centro sąjunga) is a center liberal party. Both parties are the members of European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party.

Lithuanian Democratic Party[edit]

From Lithuanian Peasants' Union top Lithuanian Popular Peasants' Union[edit]

  • 1905: The ⇒ Lithuanian Democratic Party sponsored the foundation of the Lithuanian Peasants' Union (Lietuvos Valstiečių Sąjunga), a party working under supervision of the LDP
  • 1920: The party became an independent party
  • 1922: The party merged with the ⇒ Lithuanian Socialist Popular Democratic Party into the Lithuanian Popular Peasants' Union (Lietuvos Valstiečių Liaudininkų Sąjunga) under the leadership of Mykolas Sleževičius and Kazys Grinius
  • 1935: The party is banned, but continued in exile
  • 1990: It is refounded as a conservative-agrarian party

Lituanian Socialist Popular Democratic Party[edit]

  • 1917: A left wing faction of the ⇒ Lithuanian Democratic Party formed the Lithuanian Popular Socialist Democratic Party (Lietuvos Socialistų Liaudininkų Demokratų Partija)
  • 1922: The party merged with the ⇒ Lithuanian Peasants' Union into the ⇒ Lithuanian Popular Peasants' Union

From Democratic National Freedom League to Farmers Party[edit]

  • 1917: A moderate faction of the ⇒ Lithuanian Democratic Party formed the Democratic National Freedom League (Demokratinė Tautos Laisvės Santara)
  • 1925: The party is renamed into the Farmers Party (Ūkininkų Partija)
  • 1928: The party is banned, but continued in exile

From Lithuanian Liberal Union to Liberal and Centre Union[edit]

  • 1990: In newly independent Lithuania liberals formed the Lithuanian Liberal Union (Lietuvos Liberalų Sąjunga)
  • 2002: A populist faction formed the Liberal Democratic Party (Liberalų Demokratų Partija)
  • 2003 : The party merged with the ⇒ Lithuanian Centre Union and the Modern Christian Democratic Union into the Liberal and Centre Union (Liberalų ir centro sąjunga)

Lithuanian Centre Union[edit]

  • 1993: The Lithuanian Centre Union (Lietuvos Centro Sąjunga) is founded
  • 2003: The party merged into the ⇒ Liberal and Centre Union

New Union Social Liberals[edit]

  • 1998: Artūras Paulauskas launched the New Union Social Liberals (Naujoji Sąjunga-socialliberalai)
  • 2011: The party merged into the ⇒ Labour Party

Liberal Movement[edit]

Liberal leaders[edit]

Liberal think tanks[edit]

See also[edit]