Libertad (coin)

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1 oz. Silver Libertad
Obverse
2014 1 oz. Silver Libertad BU Reverse.jpg
Reverse
2014 1 oz. Silver Libertad BU Face.jpg
1 oz. Gold Libertad
Obverse
1 oz Libertad Gold 2016 back.png
Reverse
1 oz Libertad Gold 2016 front.png

Libertad coins are gold and silver Mexican bullion coins. They are sold in 1/20, 1/10, 1/4, 1/2, and 1 troy ounce (ozt) weights for both gold and silver coins; and 2, 5 ozt and 1 kilogram weights for silver coins.

Design[edit]

The coins are .999 fine silver or fine gold. On one side of the libertad coin series is a winged Victoria of Mexican Independence Victory Column in front of a landscape with the volcanoes Popocatépetl and Iztaccihuatl, along with the weight, date, and purity. According to the Banco de México, which authorizes the production of the coin by the Casa de Moneda, Victoria is actually the reverse of the coin. The obverse side shows the coat of arms of Mexico.[1]

The new libertad series shows the Winged Victoria at another angle, and the obverse was updated to show the coat of arms of Mexico surrounded by historical Mexican coats of arms. The original design is based on the Centenario gold Mexican coin.

Weight Diameter Silver

(1982-1995; 1996-Present)[2][3]

Diameter Gold Front design Back design Metal availability Millesimal fineness
1 Kilogram 110mm - The coat of arms of Mexico surrounded by historical Mexican coats of arms A winged Victoria of Mexican Independence Victory Column in front of a landscape with the volcanoes Popocatépetl and Iztaccihuatl. Silver .999
5 ozt 65mm - The coat of arms of Mexico surrounded by historical Mexican coats of arms A winged Victoria of Mexican Independence Victory Column in front of a landscape with the volcanoes Popocatépetl and Iztaccihuatl. Silver .999
2 ozt 48mm - The coat of arms of Mexico surrounded by historical Mexican coats of arms A winged Victoria of Mexican Independence Victory Column in front of a landscape with the volcanoes Popocatépetl and Iztaccihuatl. Silver .999
1 ozt 36mm;40mm 34.5mm The coat of arms of Mexico surrounded by historical Mexican coats of arms A winged Victoria of Mexican Independence Victory Column in front of a landscape with the volcanoes Popocatépetl and Iztaccihuatl. Gold and Silver .999
1/2 ozt 30mm; 33mm 29mm The coat of arms of Mexico A winged Victoria of Mexican Independence Victory Column in front of a landscape with the volcanoes Popocatépetl and Iztaccihuatl. Gold and Silver .999
1/4 ozt 25mm; 27mm 23mm The coat of arms of Mexico A winged Victoria of Mexican Independence Victory Column in front of a landscape with the volcanoes Popocatépetl and Iztaccihuatl. Gold and Silver .999
1/10 ozt 20mm; 20mm 16mm The coat of arms of Mexico A winged Victoria of Mexican Independence Victory Column in front of a landscape with the volcanoes Popocatépetl and Iztaccihuatl. Gold and Silver .999
1/20 ozt 16mm; 16mm 13mm The coat of arms of Mexico A winged Victoria of Mexican Independence Victory Column in front of a landscape with the volcanoes Popocatépetl and Iztaccihuatl. Gold and Silver .999

Libertad Silver Series (Brilliant Uncirculated) Minting History[4] and Varieties[edit]

Year 1/20 Ounce

(beg. 1991)

1/10 Ounce

(beg. 1991)

1/4 Ounce

(beg. 1991)

1/2 Ounce

(beg. 1991)

1 Ounce 2 Ounces

(beg. 1996)

5 Ounces

(beg. 1996)

1 Kilogram

(beg. 2008)

1982 1,049,680
1982 Double Die incl above
1983 1,001,768
1983 Double Die incl. above
1984 1,014,000
1985 2,017,000
1986 1,699,426
1987 500,000
1987 Double Die incl above
1988 1,500,500
1988 Double Die incl above
1989 1,396,500
1990 1,200,000
1991 onza (Type 1) 1,650,518
1991 OnZa (Type 2) 50,017 50,017 50,017 50,618 incl above
1992 295,783 299,933 104,000 119,000 2,458,000
1993 100,000 100,000 90,500 90,500 1,000,000
1994 90,100 90,100 90,100 90,100 400,000
1995 50,000 50,000 50,000 50,000 500,000
1996 50,000 50,000 50,000 50,000 300,000 50,000 20,000
1997 20,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 100,000 15,000 10,000
1998 6,400 6,400 6,400 6,400 67,000 7,000 3,500
1999 8,001 8,000 7,000 7,000 95,000 5,000 2,800
1999 Mule incl above
2000 57,500 27,500 21,000 20,000 340,000 7,500 4,000
2001 25,000 25,000 25,000 20,000 725,000 6,700 4,000
2002 45,000 35,000 35,000 35,000 850,000 8,700 5,200
2003 50,000 20,000 22,000 28,000 805,000 9,500 6,000
2004 30,000 15,000 15,000 20,000 450,000 8,000 3,923
2005 15,000 9,277 15,000 10,000 698,281 3,549 2,401
2006 20,000 15,000 15,000 15,000 300,000 5,800 3,000
2007 3,500 3,500 3,500 3,500 200,000 8,000 3,000
2008 7,000 10,000 9,000 9,000 950,000 17,000 9,000 2003
2009 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 1,650,000 46,000 21,000 4000
2010 12,000 12,000 15,500 20,000 1,000,000 14,000 9,500 4000
2011 15,000 15,000 15,000 30,000 1,200,000 14,000 10,000 6000
2012 0 3,300 16,700 17,000 746,400 18,600 10,400 2300
2013 13,500 18,900 9,600 24,500 774,100 17,400 9,500
2014 5,700 6,350 6,950 23,000 429,200 9,000 6,400
2015 18,400 19,900 17,900 16,000 903,000 20,100 9,500 2000
2016 22,900 24,400 17,700 30,900 1,437,500 17,600 11,400 2000
2017 8,550 8,850 8,100 9,050 636,000 8,900 5,050 200
2018 17,900 20,300 14,000 15,500 936,000 20,400 11,000
2019
2020

*The 1982 Double Die coin is characterized by doubling of the O in onza, the date, and the word Mexico. It was discovered in early 2016. For more information, see http://boards.collectors-society.com/ubbthreads.php?ubb=showflat&Number=9143338

1982 Triple Die Variety # 1 discovered late 2016 by the same person Tom McGrady who discovered the 1982 double die.

The 1982 Triple Die Variety #2 , 1983 Double Die , and 1988 Double Die "Single Dot" Onzas are the latest varieties discovered in early 2017 by Roberto "Bobby" Barrientos. The 1982 Triple Die Variety # 2 has not been assigned as a new variety yet. The 1988 Double Die is a clearly visible variety. Most graded 1988 Double Dies have 2 dots.

*The 1987 and 1988 Double Die coins are most easily recognized by strong doubling of the decimal in the fineness. While the 1987 seems to be widely available, the 1988 is much more scarce and commands a significantly higher premium. Dan Pecoraro was the person to discover the 88 double die as well as the 1999 mule and was the first to have each graded by PCGS.

The 1991 Type 1 and Type 2 coins are most easily distinguishable by the letter in the weight: onza (type 1) or OnZa (Type 2). It is estimated that only 50 thousand of the type 2 coins were produced and were initially released only in the mint sets containing the first year of fractional libertads.

The 1999 Mule has a reverse of 2000.

[5]

Libertad Silver Series (Proof) Minting History[6][edit]

Year 1/20 Ounce

(beg. 1992)

1/10 Ounce

(beg. 1992)

1/4 Ounce

(beg. 1992)

1/2 Ounce

(beg. 1992)

1 Ounce 2 Ounces

(beg. 1996)

5 Ounces

(beg. 1996)

1983 998
1986 30,006
1987 12,000
1988 10,000
1989 10,000
1990 10,000
1991 10,000
1992 5,000 5,000 5,000 5,000 10,000
1993 5,002 5,002 5,002 5,002 5,002
1994 5,002 5,002 5,002 5,002 5,002
1995 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000
1996 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 2,000 1,200 1,200
1997 800 800 800 800 1,500 1,300 1,300
1998 300 300 300 2,500 500 400 400
1999 600 600 600 600 600 280 100
2000 900 1,000 700 700 1,600 500 500
2001 1,500 1,500 1,000 1,000 2,000 500 600
2002 2,800 2,800 2,800 2,800 3,800 1,000 1,000
2003 4,400 4,900 3,900 3,400 5,400 800 1,500
2004 2,700 2,500 2,500 2,500 3,000 1,000 800
2005 2,600 3,000 2,400 2,800 3,300 600 1,000
2006 3,300 3,000 2,900 2,900 4,000 1,100 700
2007 4,000 4,000 3,000 1,500 5,800 500 500
2008 3,300 5,000 2,900 2,500 11,000 1,000 900
2009 5,000 5,000 3,000 3,000 10,000 6,200 5,000
2010 10,000 10,000 5,000 5,000 10,000 1,300 2,000
2011 10,000 10,000 5,000 5,000 10,000 1,000 2,000
2012 0 0 0 0 4,200 0 0
2013 4,200 4,100 3,200 3,000 9,100 1,300 1,600
2014 1,850 1,950 1,700 1,750 4,700 750 800
2015 5,500 5,300 2,400 2,500 6,400 1,300 1,600
2016 12,550 12,650 9,550 13,150 13,250 3,950 2,750
2017 9,050 7,850 4,850 12,750 8,650 3,050 2,350
2018 7,900 6,500 2,500 7,000 10,000 5,000 5,000
2019
2020

Libertad Silver Series Reverse Proof Minting History[edit]

Year/Size 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
1 oz (beg. 2015)[Note 1] 1,500 1,500 1,050 1,500
2 oz (beg. 2017) 2,000 2,500
5 oz (beg. 2017) 2,000 2,500
Notes
  1. ^ See “Special sets” below.

All numbers in this chart are believed to be total mintage figures including any coins issued in sets.

The 1983 proof coins were originally pulled from the run of BU coins and restruck as proof to put into special mint sets. It is rare to see a complete special mint set as most of these proof coins have been removed from their sets and sold separately.

There are a few major varieties known in the proof libertads, the first of which are the 1983 proof double and triple dies. The second major variety is the 1987 1oz proof with missing feathers discovered later in 2015 by Kraig Magnussen. There are 3 known--2 graded PF69 and 1 in raw form. The missing feather variety was caused by over buffing of the die causing parts of the actual design to be missing.

Another variety is the 2015 2 ounce detached wing.

Special sets[edit]

On July 31, 2015, APMEX put for sale a 2-coin set featuring the first ever reverse proof Libertad; the second coin in the set was a one-ounce Proof coin. The sets came in a display box with the Banco de Mexico and APMEX logos. The initial price was $199 and more than doubled to $499 by the end of the day. Only 500 sets were produced for APMEX but an additional 1000 3 piece sets with Reverse Proofs were made for the 90th anniversary of the Banco de Mexico and sold internally to bank employees.

Year 2 piece set

30th Ann

1 oz Proof

1/2 oz BU

w/ gold figurine

35th anniversary

2 piece set

2 ounce bar

1 ounce BU

2 piece set

by Apmex

1 ounce proof

1 oz rev proof

(beg. 2015)

3 piece set

1/4, 1/2, 1 oz

Proof

3 pc Employee Set

90th Ann. BdM

1 ounce each

BU, Proof, RP

4 piece set

by Bancomer

Fractional Proofs

w/ silver figurine

4 piece set

1/2 & 1/4 BU

1/10 & 1/20 Proof

5 piece set

(beg. 2008)

7 piece set

(beg. 2014)

2008 1,000
2009 1,000
2010 1,000
2011 1,000
2012 1,500 0
2013 1,000 800 1,000
2014 1,000 250
2015 500 1,000 1,000 1,000 250
2016 1,000 1,000 250
2017 5,000 500 1,000 250
2018 1,000 125
2019
2020

Libertad Silver Series (Proof-Like) Minting History.[7][edit]

Year 1 Kilogram 1 Kg High Relief

(beg. 2017)

2002 1,820
2003 1,514
2004 1,501
2005 500
2006 874
2007 700
2008 1,700
2009 1,700
2010 1,500
2011 1,000
2012 500
2013 400
2014 500
2015 800
2016 800
2017 500 1,000
2018
2019
2020

Libertad Gold Series (Brilliant Uncirculated) Minting History.[8][edit]

The following table indicates the number of coins minted at the various weights in each year:[9][10]

Year 1/20 Ounce 1/10 Ounce 1/4 Ounce 1/2 Ounce 1 Ounce
1981 313,000 193,000 596,000
1991 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 109,193
1992 65,225 50,777 28,106 25,220 46,281
1993 10,000 10,000 2,500 2,500 73,881
1994 10,000 10,000 2,500 2,500 1,000
2000 5,300 3,500 2,500 1,500 2,730
2002 5,000 5,000 5,000 5,000 15,000
2003 800 300 300 300 500
2004 4,000 2,000 1,500 500 3,000
2005 3,200 500 500 500 3,000
2006 3,000 2,500 1,500 500 4,000
2007 1,200 1,200 500 500 2,500
2008 800 2,500 800 300 800
2009 2,000 9,000 3,000 3,000 6,200
2010 1,500 4,500 1,500 1,500 4,000
2011 2,500 6,500 1,500 1,500 3,000
2012 2,500 6,500 1,500 1,500 3,000
2013 650 2,150 750 450 2,350
2014 1,050 2,450 1,000 1,000 4,050
2015 1,300 4,100 1,300 1,100 4,800
2016 2,900 3,800 1,000 1,200 4,100
2017 1,000 300 500 700 900

Libertad Gold Series (Proof) Minting History.[11][edit]

Year 1/20 Ounce 1/10 Ounce 1/4 Ounce 1/2 Ounce 1 Ounce
1983 88
1989 704
2004 1,000
2005 400 400 2,600 400 250
2006 520 520 2,120 520 520
2007 500 500 1,500 500 500
2008 500 500 800 500 500
2009 600 600 1,700 600 600
2010 600 600 1,000 600 600
2011 1,100 1,100 2,000 1,100 1,100
2012 0 0 0 0 0
2013 300 300 600 300 400
2014 250 250 350 250 250
2015 500 500 500 500 500
2016 2,100 2,100 2,100 2,100 2,100
2017 600 1,500 1,500 700 600

Libertad Platinum Series (Proof) Minting History.[12][edit]

Year 1/4 Ounce
1989 3,500

Libertad Gold Proof Set History[edit]

5 coin set Special set Comments and Observations
2005 200 COA numbered to 200
2006 No COA?
2007 500 COA was issued by New York Mint.
2008 500 Beginning 2008, all COAs were issued by the Mexican Mint.
2009 500
2010 500 500 Silver/Gold Bicentennial sets containing 1/4 oz gold proof libertad and (2) 1 ounce silver proof coins. Sentimientos de la nación
2011 500 500 There were an additional 500 4 coin gold sets (no 1/20th) produced in 2011
2012 0 0 No gold proof Libertads were produced in 2012
2013 300 Only 300 sets were made in 2013 but there were 300 additional 1/4oz coins and 100 additional 1oz coins minted
2014 250 The COA for 2014 originally stated 500 sets but was later revised to state 250. Buyers were offered a replacement COA but incorrect COA's stating 500 sets are seen from time to time.
2015 500 No additional single proofs were minted in 2015
2016 500 1,600 additional single proofs of each size were minted in 2016
2017 500 Additional single coins were minted: 1oz - 100pcs; 1/2oz - 200pcs; 1/4oz - 1000pcs; 1/10oz - 1000pcs; 1/20oz - 100pcs

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]. Information about New Libertad Silver Series at Banco de México's Web Page.
  2. ^ "Libertad series, silver, Banco de México". www.banxico.org.mx. Retrieved 2018-02-24. 
  3. ^ "New Libertad series, silver, Banco de México". www.banxico.org.mx. Retrieved 2018-02-24. 
  4. ^ [2]. Information about the Quantity of Libertad Silver Series Coins Minted (Since 1993) at Banco de México's Web Page.
  5. ^ http://www.banxico.org.mx/SieInternet/consultarDirectorioInternetAction.do?accion=consultarSeries
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-08-23. Retrieved 2010-10-25. . Information about the Quantity of Libertad Silver Series Coins Minted (Since 1993) at Banco de México's Web Page.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-08-23. Retrieved 2010-10-25. . Information about the Quantity of Libertad Silver Series Coins Minted (Since 1993) at Banco de México's Web Page.
  8. ^ [3]. Information about the Quantity of Libertad Gold Series Coins Minted (Since 1993) at Banco de México's Web Page.
  9. ^ http://donbailey-mexico.com/libertad_mintages.shtml
  10. ^ http://www.free-bullion-investment-guide.com/mexican-gold-libertad.html
  11. ^ [4]. Information about the Quantity of Libertad Gold Series Coins Minted (Since 1993) at Banco de México's Web Page.
  12. ^ [5]. Information about the Quantity of Libertad Platinum Series Coins Minted (Since 1993) at Banco de México's Web Page.

External links[edit]