Libertarian Republican

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A libertarian Republican is a politician or Republican party member who has advocated libertarian policies while typically voting for and being involved with the United States Republican Party.

Sometimes the terms Republitarian or liberty Republican are used as well. Libertarian Republicans' views are similar to Libertarian Party members, but differ in regard to the strategy used to implement libertarian policies.[citation needed]

Principles[edit]

Opposition to the use of the term libertarian Republican comes from the libertarian adherence to the non-aggression principle, advocating that the initiation of force against the life, liberty or property of an individual is immoral, and to which the Republican Party platform and its ideological base of neoconservative partisans do not adhere.[1]

Libertarian Republicans represent a political faction within the Republican Party. They are strong believers in the traditional Republican principle of economic libertarianism that was advocated by past and present presidential candidates such as former Senator Robert A. Taft, former Senator Barry Goldwater and former Representative Ron Paul and his son, current Senator Rand Paul. Individuals who self-identify as libertarian Republicans do not necessarily share the same political beliefs across the spectrum, though there do seem to be several issues that bind them together, including beliefs in fiscal conservatism, personal responsibility, and personal liberty.[citation needed]

The most common belief libertarian Republicans share is fiscal conservatism – specifically, advocating for lower taxes at every level of government, a reduction in the level of spending in the federal budget, easing the burden of federal regulations on business interests, the reform of the entitlement system, and ending or making significant cuts to the welfare state. Additionally, they oppose budget deficits and deficit spending and work to minimize it as much as possible. Libertarian Republicans tend to support more fiscal conservatism than their mainstream counterparts in the party, and are less willing to abandon these principles for political expediency.[citation needed]

Libertarian Republicans often differ from traditional Republicans in their emphasis on protection of civil liberties.[2] It is distinct from the Republican Party because it sees state-enforced conservative social policies as encroachments on personal privacy and individual liberties.[2] Libertarian Republicans disagree with the activities of mainstream Republicans with regard to civil liberties since the September 11 attacks in 2001, opposing the PATRIOT Act, its reform the USA Freedom Act, REAL ID, and President George W. Bush's domestic intelligence program.[3]

GOP libertarians also differ from LP libertarians on a majority of foreign affairs and defense issues, the exceptions being both groups want military service to be strictly voluntary, both groups prefer free trade and civil diplomacy over war, and both see national defense as a proper constitutional use of government power.[4] Much like the LP, most libertarian Republicans believe that America should deal with only its own problems, but unlike the LP most believe that America needs to be the world's only military superpower.[5] A huge majority of libertarian Republicans also see ISIS as the biggest threat on Earth to American Independence and nearly half of GOP libertarians favor defense spending growth,[6] a stark contrast to the Libertarian Party's platform which pledges to dramatically downsize defense spending. Slight majorities of libertarian Republicans favor U.S. military action against ISIS in their territorial claims, including use of ground troops, and believe that overwhelming, deadly retaliation is at most times the only answer to state sponsored terrorism.[7] While the Libertarian Party is very quick to blame American support for Israel for Israel's problems, two of every three libertarian Republicans are strongly Pro-Israel.[8] Lastly, most libertarian Republicans view U.S. membership of NATO and American use of multilateralism favorably.[9] In short, average libertarian Republican foreign policy differs from official Libertarian Party foreign policy by being Non-interventionist with a tremendously big stick.[10]

Organizations[edit]

The Republican Liberty Caucus was founded in 1991 at a meeting of a group of Florida members of the Libertarian Republican Organizing Committee attending a Young Republicans Convention. They included Philip Blumel, Tom Walls, Eric Rittberg, and Rex Curry and decided to develop a national Republican Liberty Caucus organization.[11] The group represents the GOP's libertarian wing.

Public figures[edit]

U.S. Representatives[edit]

U.S. Senators[edit]

U.S. State Attorneys General[edit]

U.S. State Governors[edit]

U.S. State Legislators[edit]

Indiana[edit]

Louisiana[edit]

Massachusetts[edit]

Minnesota[edit]

Missouri[edit]

Nebraska[edit]

North Carolina[edit]

South Carolina[edit]

Washington[edit]

Authors and scholars[edit]

Others[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  4. ^ "Statement of Principles & Positions | Republican Liberty Caucus". rlc.org. Retrieved 2016-07-11. 
  5. ^ Street, 1615 L.; NW; Washington, Suite 800; Inquiries, DC 20036 202 419 4300 | Main 202 419 4349 | Fax 202 419 4372 | Media (2016-05-05). "1. America’s global role, U.S. superpower status". Pew Research Center for the People and the Press. Retrieved 2016-07-11. 
  6. ^ Street, 1615 L.; NW; Washington, Suite 800; Inquiries, DC 20036 202 419 4300 | Main 202 419 4349 | Fax 202 419 4372 | Media (2016-05-05). "3. International threats, defense spending". Pew Research Center for the People and the Press. Retrieved 2016-07-11. 
  7. ^ Street, 1615 L.; NW; Washington, Suite 800; Inquiries, DC 20036 202 419 4300 | Main 202 419 4349 | Fax 202 419 4372 | Media (2016-05-05). "4. U.S. military action against ISIS, policy toward terrorism". Pew Research Center for the People and the Press. Retrieved 2016-07-11. 
  8. ^ Street, 1615 L.; NW; Washington, Suite 800; Inquiries, DC 20036 202 419 4300 | Main 202 419 4349 | Fax 202 419 4372 | Media (2016-05-05). "5. Views of Israel and Palestinians". Pew Research Center for the People and the Press. Retrieved 2016-07-11. 
  9. ^ Street, 1615 L.; NW; Washington, Suite 800; Inquiries, DC 20036 202 419 4300 | Main 202 419 4349 | Fax 202 419 4372 | Media (2016-05-05). "6. NATO, U.S. allies, the EU and UN". Pew Research Center for the People and the Press. Retrieved 2016-07-11. 
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