Liberty Park

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Coordinates: 40°42′40″N 74°00′51″W / 40.711067°N 74.014278°W / 40.711067; -74.014278

Liberty Park
Liberty Street park NW opening day jeh.jpg
Opening day at Liberty Park
LocationLower Manhattan
Nearest cityNew York City
Area1 acre (4,000 m2)
CreatedJune 29, 2016 (2016-06-29)
Operated byDepartment of Parks and Recreation
OpenJune 29, 2016 (2016-06-29)

Liberty Park is a one-acre (4,000 m2) elevated public park at the World Trade Center in Manhattan, New York City, overlooking the National September 11 Memorial & Museum in Lower Manhattan. The park, which opened on June 29, 2016, is located above the World Trade Center's Vehicular Security Center. The St. Nicholas National Shrine is located within the park, as well as Fritz Koenig's The Sphere, the iconic sculpture salvaged from the World Trade Center site. Another statue, America's Response Monument, is also located in the park.


Construction began in 2013 when the Vehicular Security Center was completed.[1] Liberty Park is located on top of the Vehicular Security Center, the latter of which protects the site against unauthorized vehicles. The parking facility is linked to the concourse area, which feeds the entire 16-acre World Trade Center site.[2] About $50 million was allocated to the park's construction by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey in December 2013.[3] The park opened on June 29, 2016.[4][5] On August 16, 2017, the Port Authority installed The Sphere within the park, overlooking its original location.[6]


The sapling from the Anne Frank tree

The park has a capacity of 750 people and is the roof of the Vehicular Security Center. A "living wall", measuring 336 feet (102 m) long and 20 feet (6.1 m) tall, is located on the park's northern facade adjoining Liberty Street.[7] It contains 826 panels, upon which are attached "periwinkle, Japanese spurge, winter creeper, sedge and Baltic ivy",[8] A walkway from the pedestrian bridge curves along the park. Egresses include three stairways, the pedestrian bridge, and a straight ramp down to Greenwich Street. One of these stairs, a wide staircase is located on the east side of the park, between Greenwich Street to the east and the back of the church to the west. There are wood benches and a small amphitheater-like elevated space at the western end of the park, facing West Street. Finally, there is a "continuous overlook" along much of Liberty Street in addition to "a gently curving balcony" at the church's foot.[8] A sapling from the Anne Frank tree is located alongside the ramp at the southeastern corner of Liberty Park.[7]

5 World Trade Center was originally planned to be built adjacent to the southern edge of the Vehicular Security Center and Liberty Park on the site of the former Deutsche Bank Building.[9] As of 2014, the Port Authority does not plan to proceed with construction of a mixed-use skyscraper on the site until the rest of the complex is complete, which will be no earlier than 2021.[10]

The park overlooks the National September 11 Memorial & Museum and has a connection to the Liberty Street Bridge.[11] The St. Nicholas Church, destroyed in the September 11 attacks, is being rebuilt in the park, with a new design by Santiago Calatrava, who also designed the Transportation Hub.[8] The park, located 25 feet (7.6 m) above Liberty Street, is just a little more than one acre (4,000 m2) in area.[12]

Location of The Sphere[edit]

The Sphere, November 2017

The Sphere, a large cast bronze sculpture by German artist Fritz Koenig, had stood in Austin J. Tobin Plaza between the World Trade Center towers in Manhattan. Recovered from the rubble after the September 11 attacks in 2001, whole but visibly damaged, The Sphere was re-erected in Battery Park, near the Hope Garden.[13] When construction began to restore Battery Park's Lawn, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (PANYNJ), which owns The Sphere, considered placing the sculpture in Liberty Park, which will be located between the 90 West Street building and the World Trade Center Memorial site. Construction on Liberty Park did not start until 2013, so a location was needed to place The Sphere until Liberty Park was completed. As of February 2011, PANYNJ had not made an official final decision on where to place the sculpture once Battery Park construction commences, forcing the sculpture to move. Until Liberty Park opened, The Sphere was to go into storage.[14][15]

When Liberty Park opened in June 2016, the question had not been resolved.[16] On July 22, 2016, the Port Authority voted to move the sculpture to Liberty Park,[17][18] and in August 2017, PANYNJ relocated the sculpture to Liberty Park.[19] On September 6, 2017, the Sphere was unveiled in its permanent home in Liberty Park, overlooking the World Trade Center site.[20][21]

Horse Soldier sculpture[edit]

The America's Response Monument, a life-and-a-half scale bronze statue commemorating the actions of U.S. Special Operations Forces in the first few weeks of the War in Afghanistan, was unveiled to the public during the Veteran's Day Parade in New York City on November 11, 2011. The statue was dedicated in a ceremony led by Vice President Joe Biden and Lieutenant-General John Mulholland, commander of U.S. Army Special Operations Command and formerly commander of Task Force Dagger during the initial days of the War in Afghanistan.[22][23] Soldiers representing the United States Army Special Operations Command attended the dedication ceremony.[24]

The inscription at base of the sculpture bears its name, America's Response Monument, and the Latin subtitle De Oppresso Liber. The subtitle, traditionally translated as "to free the oppressed", is the motto of the Green Berets, who inspired the monument.[25] A piece of steel from the original World Trade Center is embedded in the base.[26] It is the first public monument to honor United States special forces.[27][28]

The $750,000 cost of statue was donated by hundreds of private citizens, including some survivors of the September 11 attacks.[29][30] The statue was temporarily located in the West Street Lobby inside One World Financial Center in New York City opposite Ground Zero.[22][23] On September 13, 2016, the statue was rededicated once again on an elevated space on the south side of Ground Zero within Liberty Park.[31][32]

St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church[edit]

The St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church seen in September 2018

On July 23, 2008, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey reached a deal with the leaders of the St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church for the Port Authority to acquire the 1,200-square-foot (110 m2) lot that the church had occupied, for $20 million, $10 million of which is coming from the Port Authority and the other $10 million of which is coming from JPMorgan Chase.[33][34]

In addition, the Port Authority was willing to pay up to $40 million to construct a bomb-proof platform underneath.[35] In March 2009, the Port Authority stated it quit talking with the church and canceled building St. Nicholas altogether. The Port Authority claimed that the church was asking for too much, and that they might delay the whole World Trade Center project.[34] The Archdioceses says that they just wanted the church back, and a third of the building would be a memorial for 9/11, and a place where people of all faiths could pray and remember those who died in the attacks.

Architect Santiago Calatrava was awarded the task of designing the new St. Nicholas. His plans drew inspiration from the great Byzantine churches of Hagia Sophia and the Church of the Holy Savior in Chora, both in Istanbul.[36] The church will be constructed in Liberty Park; the site for the new church is east of the original site at 155 Cedar Street.[37] As of 2013, construction of the new church was scheduled to begin in early 2014, and to end in late 2017.[38] The new church will be created from steel and concrete but the exterior will be clad in stone. The interior design of the church is still being determined.[39] Construction of the new church began in early 2014,[40] and after numerous delays, is expected to be complete in 2021.[41]


  1. ^ Rosenfield, Karissa (November 26, 2013). "Elevated Park Planned for World Trade Center". ArchDaily. Retrieved April 24, 2014.
  2. ^ "In a Shift, WTC Residents Like What They Hear on Security". Downtown Express. April 24, 2014. Retrieved April 24, 2014.
  3. ^ Budin, Jeremiah (December 13, 2013). "Liberty Park Funding Approved by Port Authority". Curbed NY. Retrieved May 15, 2014.
  4. ^ Gelman, Max (June 29, 2016). "New elevated park opens near the WTC 9/11 Memorial". NY Daily News. Retrieved July 1, 2016.
  5. ^ Walker, Ameena (June 29, 2016). "See photos of WTC's Liberty Park on its long-awaited opening day". Curbed NY. Retrieved July 1, 2016.
  6. ^ Plitt, Amy (August 17, 2017). "Iconic 'Sphere' sculpture, damaged on 9/11, moves to its permanent home". Curbed NY. Retrieved August 18, 2017.
  7. ^ a b "Touches of Whimsy at World Trade Center's Liberty Park". The New York Times. June 28, 2016. Retrieved September 16, 2018.
  8. ^ a b c "First Look: Santiago Calatrava's Design for St. Nicholas Church". Tribeca Citizen. October 29, 2013. Retrieved April 24, 2014.
  9. ^ "10 Years After 9/11, Deutsche Bank Tower Vanishes". New York Times. January 12, 2011. Retrieved June 24, 2014.
  10. ^ "World Trade Center museum deal may lead to land sale: sources". Reuters. September 12, 2012. Retrieved September 12, 2013.
  11. ^ Fishbein, Rebecca (November 20, 2013). "WTC Getting Elevated "Liberty Park" With View Of 9/11 Memorial". Gothamist. Archived from the original on November 23, 2013. Retrieved April 24, 2014.
  12. ^ Dunlap, David W. (November 20, 2013). "Elevated Park at Trade Center Site Comes Into View". The New York Times. Retrieved April 24, 2014.
  13. ^ Hargittai, I.; Hargittai, M. (2017). New York Scientific: A Culture of Inquiry, Knowledge, and Learning. Oxford University Press. p. 264. ISBN 978-0-19-876987-3. Retrieved September 11, 2019.
  14. ^ Shapiro, Julie. "9/11 Family Members Start Petition to Save World Trade Center Sphere". DNAinfo New York Associates. Archived from the original on March 1, 2011. Retrieved February 28, 2011.
  15. ^ Chung, Jen. "World Trade Center Sphere's Uncertain Fate Worries 9/11 Families". Gothamist. Archived from the original on February 28, 2011. Retrieved February 28, 2011.
  16. ^ Barone, Vincent (June 30, 2016). "Liberty Park renews debate around Koenig Sphere's home". Retrieved July 10, 2016.
  17. ^ Plagianos, Irene (July 21, 2016). "Koenig Sphere Moving to WTC Liberty Park, Port Authority Says". DNAinfo New York. Archived from the original on August 18, 2017. Retrieved October 1, 2017.
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  20. ^ "The Sphere, a Symbol of Resilience After 9/11, Is Unveiled at Liberty Park". September 6, 2017. Retrieved September 30, 2017.
  21. ^ Warerkar, Tanay (September 6, 2017). "World Trade Center's iconic 'Sphere' sculpture is now on view at Liberty Park". Curbed NY. Retrieved October 1, 2017.
  22. ^ a b Bissell, Brandon (November 18, 2011). "'Horse Soldier' statue dedicated near Ground Zero". Archived from the original on October 14, 2013. Retrieved January 12, 2012.
  23. ^ a b Ospina, Barbara. "America's Response Statue placed to provide overwatch on One World Trade Center". United States Army. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
  24. ^ Ospina, Barbara (October 27, 2012). "America's Response Statue placed to provide overwatch on One World Trade Center". United States Army. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
  25. ^ "De Oppresso Liber-Green Beret Motto". November 22, 2011. Archived from the original on November 9, 2010. Retrieved January 14, 2012.
  26. ^ ""De Oppresso Liber" Statue Finds Home at Ground Zero". Downtown Magazine NYC. November 11, 2011. Archived from the original on January 21, 2013. Retrieved January 12, 2012.
  27. ^ "Unconventional Work". Blackwater. Archived from the original on October 12, 2013. Retrieved January 13, 2012.
  28. ^ "Artist's Statement". Foundation for U.S. Historical Monuments. Archived from the original on April 1, 2008. Retrieved January 16, 2012.
  29. ^ White, Bill (October 18, 2012). "Ground Zero salute to American heroes". New York Post. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
  30. ^ "Commando monument near ground zero unveiled on Veterans Day". The Washington Times. October 27, 2011. Retrieved February 21, 2014.
  31. ^ Lipsky, Seth (September 12, 2016). "Two new NYC statues are mute reminders of war". New York Post. Retrieved September 19, 2016.
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  34. ^ a b Bagli, Charles V. (March 18, 2009). "Church Destroyed at Ground Zero Is Still at Square One". The New York Times.
  35. ^ Bagli, Charles V. (July 24, 2008). "Agency in Tentative Accord With Ground Zero Church". The New York Times.
  36. ^ Dunlop, David W. (October 13, 2013). "Church Near Trade Center to Echo Landmarks of East". New York Times. Retrieved August 29, 2014.
  37. ^ Dunlap, David (October 14, 2011). "Way Is Cleared to Rebuild Greek Orthodox Church Lost on 9/11". The New York Times. Retrieved August 29, 2014.
  38. ^ "Greek Orthodox Archdiocese and Saint Nicholas Church Establish National Shrine at Ground Zero". Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America. November 13, 2013. Archived from the original on December 13, 2013. Retrieved August 29, 2014.
  39. ^ Sirigos, Dean (March 8, 2014). "Hagia Sophia Spirit Abound in Calatrava's St. Nicholas Ground Zero Church Design". The National Herald. Retrieved May 29, 2014.
  40. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 13, 2013. Retrieved August 29, 2014.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  41. ^ See:

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