List of United States mobile virtual network operators

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Mobile virtual network operators (MVNOs) in the United States lease wireless telephone and data service from major carriers such as AT&T Mobility, Sprint Corporation, T-Mobile US, and Verizon Wireless, as well as the regional carrier the United States Cellular Corporation for resale.[1][2]

Voice and data service operators[edit]

These providers offer services to individuals for personal use. Providers offering services to businesses are listed in a later section.

Many of the Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs) are often partnered with one (and sometimes more) host carrier companies. Providers with multiple host networks only use one depending on the specific model phone and/or SIM card used, except Project Fi which combines all listed networks together. MVNOs will often push/favor a specific model phone because it's locked into the host carrier "preferred network" that gives that MVNO the best deal/rates. The acronym "BYOD" means "Bring Your Own Device".

Currently Sprint of the big 5 host carriers is the most aggressive in obtaining Mobile Virtual Network Operators MVNOs market share. Sprint owns[3] Boost Mobile, Virgin Mobile,[4] and has partnerships with Assurance Wireless, i-Wireless, and Access Wireless.

Company Host network Wireless technology[5] BYOD[6] Unlimited Data Notes
Aeris Communications Inc Sprint, T-Mobile, Vodafone, AT&T CDMA, GSM, UMTS, & LTE Yes No
Affinity Cellular Verizon CDMA No No
AirVoice Wireless AT&T UMTS & LTE Yes No
Armed Forces Wireless Verizon CDMA Yes No
Best Cellular AT&T, Sprint, T-Mobile, Verizon CDMA, GSM, UMTS, & LTE Yes No
Black Wireless AT&T UMTS & LTE Yes Yes
Boom Mobile AT&T, Sprint, T-Mobile, Verizon CDMA, GSM, UMTS, & LTE Yes Yes AT&T network is available to business customers only
Boost Mobile Sprint CDMA & LTE Yes Yes Owned by Sprint Corporation
campusSIMs AT&T, T-Mobile GSM & UMTS Yes Yes
CellNUVO Sprint CDMA & LTE Yes Yes
Cellular Abroad T-Mobile GSM & UMTS Yes No
Charge Sprint CDMA & LTE Yes No
Chit Chat Mobile Sprint CDMA & LTE Yes No
Consumer Cellular AT&T, T-Mobile[7] GSM, UMTS, & LTE Yes No
Credo Mobile Verizon[8] CDMA & LTE Yes Yes
Cricket Wireless AT&T UMTS & LTE Yes Yes Owned by AT&T Mobility
China Telecom Americas (CTExcel) T-Mobile GSM, UMTS, & LTE Yes Yes
EasyGO Wireless AT&T UMTS Yes No
EcoMobile Sprint, T-Mobile, Verizon[9] GSM, UMTS, CDMA & LTE Yes Yes
enVie Mobile Verizon CDMA Yes No
Español Mobile Sprint CDMA & LTE Yes No
Expo Mobile Sprint, Verizon CDMA & LTE Yes No
FamilyTalk Wireless Sprint, Verizon, AT&T CDMA, UMTS, & LTE Yes No Unable to connect to website 3/16/17
Flash Wireless Sprint, Verizon, AT&T CDMA, UMTS, & LTE Yes Yes
FMP Wireless Verizon CDMA Yes Yes
good2GO Mobile AT&T, Sprint CDMA & UMTS Yes No
GoSmart Mobile T-Mobile GSM & UMTS Yes No Owned by TracFone Wireless. Acquired from T-Mobile.
GreatCall Verizon CDMA No No
Hayai Mobile T-Mobile, AT&T UMTS & LTE Yes Yes
H2O Wireless AT&T UMTS & LTE Yes Yes
KDDI Mobile AT&T UMTS & LTE Yes Yes
Helio Sprint CDMA Yes Yes
Infinium Wireless Sprint, Verizon, T-Mobile CDMA, GSM, & UMTS Yes No Out of Business? 3/16/17
i-wireless Sprint CDMA & LTE Yes Yes
Jaguar Mobile T-Mobile GSM & UMTS Yes Yes
Jolt Mobile AT&T, T-Mobile GSM & UMTS Yes No
Kajeet Sprint CDMA Yes No
KidsConnect T-Mobile GSM, UMTS, & LTE No No
Liberty Wireless T-Mobile GSM, UMTS, & LTE Yes No
LycaMobile T-Mobile GSM & UMTS Yes Yes
Madstar Mobile Sprint CDMA & LTE Yes Yes
MetroPCS T-Mobile GSM, UMTS, & LTE Yes Yes Owned by T-Mobile US
Mint SIM T-Mobile GSM, UMTS, & LTE Yes Yes Owned by Ultra Mobile
Mobal T-Mobile GSM & UMTS Yes Yes
Net10 Wireless AT&T, Sprint,

T-Mobile, Verizon, U.S. Cellular (only on PAY-AS-YOU-GO minute plans)

CDMA, GSM, UMTS, & LTE Yes Yes Owned by TracFone Wireless
NetZero Sprint CDMA & LTE Yes No
NTT DoCoMo USA T-Mobile GSM & UMTS No No
OTG Mobile Sprint, Verizon, T-Mobile CDMA, GSM, & UMTS Yes No
Page Plus Cellular Verizon CDMA & LTE Yes Yes Owned by TracFone Wireless
Patriot Mobile Sprint, Verizon CDMA & LTE Yes Yes
Pix Wireless AT&T, Sprint CDMA, UMTS, & LTE Yes Yes
Project Fi Sprint, T-Mobile, U.S. Cellular, Three CDMA, GSM, UMTS, & LTE Yes No Combines all listed networks together
Proven Wireless Sprint, Verizon, T-Mobile CDMA, GSM, & UMTS Yes No
Pure TalkUSA AT&T UMTS Yes No
Puppy Wireless Verizon CDMA & LTE Yes No
Ready Mobile Sprint CDMA Yes No
Red Pocket Mobile AT&T, Sprint, Verizon, T-Mobile CDMA, GSM, UMTS, & LTE Yes Yes
Republic Wireless Sprint, T-Mobile CDMA, GSM, LTE, Wi-Fi & UMTS Yes No
ROK Mobile Verizon[10] CDMA & LTE Yes Yes
Scratch Wireless Sprint CDMA No No
Selectel Wireless Verizon CDMA & LTE Yes No
Simple Mobile T-Mobile GSM, UMTS, & LTE Yes No Owned by TracFone Wireless
SkyView Wireless AT&T UMTS Yes No
Speed Talk Mobile T-Mobile CDMA, GSM, UMTS, & LTE Yes No
Straight Talk AT&T, Sprint, T-Mobile, Verizon CDMA, GSM, UMTS, & LTE Yes Yes Owned by TracFone Wireless. Available at Walmart & Straight Talk Website.
Telcel América Sprint, T-Mobile CDMA, GSM, UMTS, & LTE Yes No Owned by TracFone Wireless
Tello US Sprint CDMA, GSM, UMTS, & LTE Yes Yes
Tempo Telecom Sprint, T-Mobile CDMA, GSM, UMTS, & LTE No No
TextNow Sprint CDMA & LTE Yes Yes
The People's Operator USA Sprint, T-Mobile CDMA & LTE Yes No
Ting Sprint, T-Mobile CDMA, GSM, UMTS, & LTE[11] Yes No 250,000 Subscribers as of March 2017[12]

Subscribers of RingPlus were automatically migrated to Ting on 02/21/2017 when RingPlus, an MVNO of Sprint, went out of business.

Total Call Mobile Sprint CDMA No Yes
Total Wireless Verizon CDMA & LTE Yes No Owned by TracFone Wireless. Available at Walmart & Total Wireless website.
Touch Mobile Sprint CDMA & LTE No Yes
TracFone AT&T, T-Mobile, U.S. Cellular (feature phones only), Verizon CDMA, GSM, UMTS, & LTE Yes No Owned by TracFone Wireless
Twigby Sprint CDMA & LTE Yes Yes Talk & Text also uses Verizon Network
Ultra Mobile T-Mobile GSM, UMTS, & LTE Yes Yes
Univision Mobile T-Mobile GSM, UMTS & LTE Yes Yes Owned by Ultra Mobile
US Mobile T-Mobile, Verizon GSM, UMTS, & LTE Yes No
UVA Mobile T-Mobile GSM & UMTS Yes No
UWT Mobile AT&T, Sprint, T-Mobile CDMA, GSM, & UMTS Yes No
Value Wireless T-Mobile GSM, UMTS, & LTE Yes Yes
Virgin Mobile USA Sprint CDMA & LTE Yes Yes Owned by Sprint Corporation
Walmart Family Mobile T-Mobile GSM, UMTS, & LTE Yes Yes Owned by TracFone Wireless. Available only at Walmart. Acquired from T-Mobile
Wireless Services US Verizon CDMA & LTE Yes Yes
ZingPCS Sprint, Verizon, T-Mobile CDMA, GSM, UMTS, & LTE Yes Yes
ZIP SIM T-Mobile GSM, UMTS, & LTE Yes No

Lifeline Assistance free government operators (California)[edit]

The following is a list of all the Mobile virtual network operators (MVNOs) Lifeline Assistance free government cell phones in California. This list needs to be expanded for all other states. All 50 States run and operate their own Lifeline Assistance free government cell phones program so company, MVNOs participation and plan offerings vary greatly from state to state.

List of Mobile Virtual Network Operators MVNOs for California Lifeline.

Reference:[13] [14][15]

Company Host network Wireless technology BYOD Free Phone Data Notes
Access Wireless Sprint Yes*1 Yes 200MB
Assurance Wireless Sprint No Yes 500MB
Blue Jay Wireless Sprint, Verizon No Yes No
Budget Mobile Sprint, Verizon No Yes 500MB
Entouch Wireless Sprint Yes Yes 500MB
Feel Safe Wireless AT&T Yes Yes 100MB Only tents in Southern CA?
Life Wireless AT&T Yes*2 Yes 500MB dba Telrite
SafeLink Wireless All 5 (depends on location)*3 Yes Yes 100MB Owned by TracFone
SafetyNet Wireless Yes 100MB
Tag Mobile Sprint, Verizon, T-mobile*4 Yes Yes Unlimited
TruConnect (formerly Telscape) Sprint Yes Yes No

*1 Access Wireless does not officially support BYOB, but customers have reported they can.

*2 Life wireless does not support BYOD officially, but you can just pop the SIM card out and put it in any AT&T, or unlocked GSM phone. APN settings are here. You can only sign up at pop up tents. You have to call them and ask where the closest ones are.

*3 Safelink uses the T-mobile network in California.

*4 Tag mobile's network depends on your geographic location. I think they have two phones. If you get the CDMA one you can use the Sprint and Verizon networks. Pretty sure they send the GSM one to people in California. That one only uses T-mobile.[16]

International SIM voice and data service operators[edit]

These providers offer services to individuals for personal use. Providers offering services to businesses are listed in a later section. All MVNO's listed below are BYOD, unless otherwise noted.

Company Host network Wireless technology Notes
TravelSim AT&T UMTS
TravelSim T-Mobile GSM & UMTS
Truphone AT&T UMTS
Truphone T-Mobile GSM & UMTS

Voice service operators[edit]

The following table lists operators focused on providing voice calls. Additional services may include SMS and basic low-speed data access.

Company Host network Wireless technology Notes
AirLink Mobile Sprint CDMA
Boomerang Wireless Sprint CDMA
Earthtones AT&T UMTS
H2O Wireless CDMA Verizon CDMA
Pure Unlimited AT&T UMTS
Q Link Wireless Sprint CDMA
STi Mobile Sprint CDMA
ZERO11 Wireless AT&T UMTS Voip

Mobile broadband operators[edit]

These providers offer services to individuals for personal use. Providers offering services to businesses are listed in a later section. Unless specified otherwise, mobile broadband providers require the purchase of a dedicated mobile broadband modem.

Company Host network Wireless technology Notes
Armed Forces Wireless (AFMobile) Verizon CDMA
BOOM Mobile Verizon CDMA & LTE
BroadBLUE Sprint CDMA
DataJack Sprint CDMA
EcoMobile Sprint CDMA
FreedomPop Sprint CDMA & LTE
Hayai Broadband T-Mobile, AT&T UMTS & LTE
H2O Wireless AT&T UMTS & LTE
H2O Wireless Bolt Sprint CDMA
Internet on the Go Sprint CDMA
Karma Sprint CDMA & LTE
Madstar Mobile Sprint CDMA & LTE
MetroPCS T-Mobile GSM, UMTS, & LTE
NetZero Sprint CDMA & LTE
Red Pocket Mobile T-Mobile GSM, UMTS, & LTE
Simple Mobile T-Mobile GSM, UMTS, & LTE
Selectel Verizon CDMA & LTE
Ting Sprint & T-Mobile CDMA, GSM, UMTS, & LTE
TruConnect Sprint CDMA & LTE
Virgin Mobile USA Sprint CDMA & LTE
Ultra Mobile T-Mobile GSM, UMTS, & LTE

Providers of business services[edit]

Company Host network Wireless technology Notes
Cbeyond Sprint CDMA
Cognia Mobile T-Mobile GSM & UMTS
Dataxoom AT&T, Sprint, Verizon CDMA, UMTS, & LTE
Global Data Telecom AT&T, Sprint, Verizon, T-Mobile CDMA, LTE,GSM & UMTS
Harbor Mobile AT&T, T-Mobile GSM, UMTS, & LTE Not activating new lines
MetTel Mobile AT&T, Sprint, Verizon CDMA & UMTS
Mobal Freedom T-Mobile GSM & UMTS
Teltik T-Mobile GSM, UMTS, & LTE Plans include a PBX Cloud Phone

Defunct, merged and acquired operators[edit]

Company Host network Wireless technology End date Notes
7-Eleven Speak Out Wireless AT&T, Sprint CDMA, GSM, & UMTS 2010
Amp'd Mobile Verizon GSM & UMTS 2014
Aio Wireless AT&T GSM & UMTS 2007 Owned by AT&T
Brightspot T-Mobile GSM & UMTS December 2015 Available only at Walmart
BYO Wireless Verizon, T-Mobile CDMA, GSM, UMTS, & LTE 2015
BZRMobile Sprint CDMA & LTE Website inaccessible as of 2016-06-15
Circle-K Talk-and-Go AT&T GSM & UMTS 2011
Cloven Sprint CDMA & LTE Website inaccessible as of 2015-04-27
Comcast Sprint, Clearwire CDMA 2011
Common Cents Mobile Sprint CDMA 2011
Cox Sprint CDMA 2012
Disney Mobile Sprint CDMA 2007
EarthLink Sprint WiMAX 2015
Embarq Sprint CDMA 2009
ESPN MVP Sprint CDMA 2006
Firefly Mobile AT&T GSM & UMTS 2012
Fuzion Mobile AT&T GSM & UMTS 2013
GIV Mobile T-Mobile GSM & UMTS 31 January 2016
GTC Wireless AT&T GSM & UMTS 2009
Hello US Mobile Verizon, T-Mobile CDMA, GSM, & UMTS Unknown
Helio Sprint CDMA 2010
iQ Cellular AT&T, Sprint, Verizon CDMA 2014
Itel UTel Sprint CDMA & LTE Website inaccessible as of 2015-04-27
Jump Mobile Cricket CDMA 2010
Lucky Wireless Verizon CDMA 2011
Mi Gente Mobile Sprint CDMA & LTE 2013
Mingo Wireless Sprint CDMA 2012
MOSH Mobile Centennial Wireless GSM & UMTS 2012
Movida Sprint CDMA 2012
Omni Prepaid 2012
Millenicom Verizon CDMA & LTE 2014
Next G Mobile Verizon CDMA 2013
Phonata AT&T, Sprint, Verizon CDMA, GSM, & UMTS 2013
PrepaYd Wireless Sprint CDMA 2014
PTel Mobile T-Mobile GSM & UMTS 31 January 2016
Pure Mobile Verizon GSM & UMTS 2012
Qwest Wireless Sprint CDMA 2010
Ring Plus, Inc Sprint CDMA & LTE 21 February 2017 [17]
Shaka Mobile Sprint CDMA Their domain name expired on 8/31/2014 and is pending renewal or deletion.
Simple Freedom Alltel CDMA 2007
Solavei T-Mobile GSM & UMTS December 2015
Spot Mobile T-Mobile GSM & UMTS September 7, 2014
SWT Mobile AT&T GSM & UMTS 2013
TalkForGood Verizon CDMA 2013
Trumpet Mobile Sprint CDMA 2013
TúYo Mobile T-Mobile GSM & UMTS 2012
UppWireless T-Mobile GSM & UMTS 2016
Voce AT&T GSM & UMTS 2008
Votel Mobile Sprint CDMA 2014
Voyager Mobile Sprint CDMA 2015
WOW Mobile PCS Sprint CDMA 2012
XCellular USA Sprint CDMA & LTE 25 July 2014
ZACT Sprint CDMA & LTE 3 August 2014
Zapp Sprint CDMA 2012
ZUMA Prepaid Sprint CDMA 2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Le Cadre, Helene; Bouhtou, Mustapha; Tuffin, Bruno (2009). "A Pricing Model for a Mobile Network Operator Sharing Limited Resource with a Mobile Virtual Network Operator". In Reichl, Peter; Stiller, Burkhard; Tuffin, Bruno. Network Economics for Next Generation Networks. Springer Science+Business Media. p. 24. Retrieved December 29, 2016. 
  2. ^ Feldmann, Valerie (2005). Leveraging Mobile Media: Cross-Media Strategy and Innovation Policy for Mobile Media Communication. Springer Science+Business Media. p. 172. Retrieved December 29, 2016. 
  3. ^ "Sprint Announces Wireless Lifeline Services Partnership with i-wireless | Sprint Newsroom". newsroom.sprint.com. Retrieved 2016-11-13. 
  4. ^ News, A. B. C. (2009-07-28). "Sprint expands in prepaid, will buy Virgin Mobile". ABC News. Retrieved 2016-11-13. 
  5. ^ GSM, CDMA, UMTS, WiMAX, LTE, HSPA
  6. ^ BYOD or BYOP -- "Bring Your Own Device/Phone." Willing to connect compatible devices not sold by the company.
  7. ^ http://www.prepaidphonenews.com/2015/03/consumer-cellular-now-offers-service-on.html
  8. ^ "Credo Mobile MVNO dumps Sprint for Verizon: source". 
  9. ^ http://www.prepaidphonenews.com/2016/12/ecomobile-unveils-new-20-and-25.html
  10. ^ " ROK Mobile To Cease Service On T-Mobile And Sprint From Dec. 18", Prepaid Mobile Phone Reviews, 2015-07-12
  11. ^ (Ting goes for three: Tri- LTE : Ting Blog ting.com Retrieved on 2014-12-7
  12. ^ "Tucows emerges from decade-long slumber in deepening effort to win disgruntled U.S. mobile customers". Financial Post. Retrieved 2017-04-06. 
  13. ^ "California Lifeline: Free Cell Phones with Unlimited Talk/Text". www.freegovernmentcellphones.net. Retrieved 2016-11-13. 
  14. ^ "Is any phone compatible with my free phone network?". www.freegovernmentcellphones.net. Retrieved 2017-03-15. 
  15. ^ "Lifeline Providers". Prepaid Wireless Guide. Retrieved 2017-03-15. 
  16. ^ "TAG Mobile Phone Models – Shop Lifeline Phones | Lifeline Shops". www.tagmobile.com. Retrieved 2017-03-15. 
  17. ^ http://www.themarshalltown.com/ringplus-announces-official-porting-date-to-ting-for-all-subscribers-ahead-of-shutdown/22921