Liberty and Refoundation
|Leader||José Manuel Zelaya Rosales|
|Founded||26 June 2011|
|Split from||Liberal Party of Honduras|
Socialism of the 21st century
|Political position||Left-wing to far-left|
|Regional affiliation||Foro de São Paulo|
|Colors||Red and Black|
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Liberty and Refoundation (Spanish: Libertad y Refundación, Libre; libre is also the Spanish word for "free") is a leftist political party in Honduras. Libre was founded in 2011 by the National Popular Resistance Front (FNRP), a leftist coalition of organizations opposed to the 2009 coup.
Xiomara Castro de Zelaya, the wife of former President Manuel Zelaya who was deposed in the 2009 coup, was the presidential candidate of the party in the 2013 presidential election; the latter Zelaya was not allowed to run for a second term under the constitution. Castro took second place in the four-way race, receiving approximately 29% of the vote behind Juan Orlando Hernández's 34%.
At least eighteen Libre pre-candidates, candidates, family members, and campaign leaders were killed between June 2012 and October 2013. Additionally, it is strongly opposed to free market capitalism and the neo-liberal economic model, and maintains a long-term goal of "establishing an alternative economic system."
There are at least 5 factions within Liberty and Refoundation.
- 28 June Movement (Movimiento 28 de junio)
- People's Resistance Movement (Movimiento Resistencia Popular, MRP)
- Organized People in Resistance (Pueblo Organizado en Resistencia, POR)
- People's Refoundation Force (Fuerza de Refundación Popular, FRP)
- 5 July Movement (Movimiento 5 de julio)
|2017||Salvador Nasralla (with PINU)||1,360,442||41.42%|
|2013||José Manuel Zelaya Rosales||7,568,392||27.51%||
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- Dawn Paley (10 December 2013). "In Honduras Election, the People's Will Is Hushed but Not Silenced". The Nation. Retrieved 2016-03-28.
- Torre, Carlos de la (10 April 2017). "Hugo Chávez and the diffusion of Bolivarianism". Democratization. 0 (7): 1271–1288. doi:10.1080/13510347.2017.1307825. ISSN 1351-0347.
- Dana Frank (2012-05-22). "Honduras: Which Side Is the US On?". The Nation. Retrieved 2012-07-29.
- "El oficialista Juan Orlando Hernández encabeza la elección de Honduras". CNN Mexico. 24 November 2013. Retrieved 2016-03-28.
- Karen Spring (October 21, 2013). "Context of the Honduran Electoral Process 2012: Incomplete list of Killings and Armed Attacks Related to Political Campaigning in Honduras" (PDF). Rights Action. Retrieved 2013-11-16.
- "Movimientos de tres partidos políticos a la cacería de votos". La Tribuna. 20 May 2012. Archived from the original on 10 October 2014.
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