Liberty and Refoundation

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Liberty and Refoundation

Libertad y Refundación
LeaderJosé Manuel Zelaya Rosales
Founded26 June 2011
Split fromLiberal Party of Honduras
HeadquartersTegucigalpa, Honduras
IdeologyDemocratic socialism[1]
Socialism of the 21st century
Political positionLeft-wing to far-left
Regional affiliationForo de São Paulo
ColorsRed and Black
National Congress
30 / 128
Website Edit this at Wikidata

Liberty and Refoundation (Spanish: Libertad y Refundación, Libre; libre is also the Spanish word for "free") is a leftist political party in Honduras.[6] Libre was founded in 2011 by the National Popular Resistance Front (FNRP), a leftist coalition of organizations opposed to the 2009 coup.[6]

Xiomara Castro de Zelaya, the wife of former President Manuel Zelaya who was deposed in the 2009 coup, was the presidential candidate of the party in the 2013 presidential election; the latter Zelaya was not allowed to run for a second term under the constitution. Castro took second place in the four-way race, receiving approximately 29% of the vote behind Juan Orlando Hernández's 34%.[7]

At least eighteen Libre pre-candidates, candidates, family members, and campaign leaders were killed between June 2012 and October 2013.[8] Additionally, it is strongly opposed to free market capitalism and the neo-liberal economic model, and maintains a long-term goal of "establishing an alternative economic system."[2][3]


There are at least 5 factions within Liberty and Refoundation.[9]

  • 28 June Movement (Movimiento 28 de junio)
  • People's Resistance Movement (Movimiento Resistencia Popular, MRP)
  • Organized People in Resistance (Pueblo Organizado en Resistencia, POR)
  • People's Refoundation Force (Fuerza de Refundación Popular, FRP)
  • 5 July Movement (Movimiento 5 de julio)

Electoral history[edit]

Presidential elections[edit]

Election Party candidate Votes %
2013 Xiomara Castro 896,498 28.78%
2017 Salvador Nasralla (with PINU) 1,360,442 41.42%

National Congress[edit]

Election Party leader Votes % Seats +/– Position Government
2013 José Manuel Zelaya Rosales 7,568,392 27.51%
37 / 128
Increase 37 Increase 2nd|Increase 2nd Opposition
2017 1,360,442 23.44%
30 / 128
Decrease 7 Steady 2nd|Steady 2nd Opposition

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Dawn Paley (10 December 2013). "In Honduras Election, the People's Will Is Hushed but Not Silenced". The Nation. Retrieved 2016-03-28.
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^ a b
  4. ^
  5. ^ Torre, Carlos de la (10 April 2017). "Hugo Chávez and the diffusion of Bolivarianism". Democratization. 0 (7): 1271–1288. doi:10.1080/13510347.2017.1307825. ISSN 1351-0347.
  6. ^ a b Dana Frank (2012-05-22). "Honduras: Which Side Is the US On?". The Nation. Retrieved 2012-07-29.
  7. ^ "El oficialista Juan Orlando Hernández encabeza la elección de Honduras". CNN Mexico. 24 November 2013. Retrieved 2016-03-28.
  8. ^ Karen Spring (October 21, 2013). "Context of the Honduran Electoral Process 2012: Incomplete list of Killings and Armed Attacks Related to Political Campaigning in Honduras" (PDF). Rights Action. Retrieved 2013-11-16.
  9. ^ "Movimientos de tres partidos políticos a la cacería de votos". La Tribuna. 20 May 2012. Archived from the original on 10 October 2014.